Publications: M

Ma-Kellams, C., Bishop, B., Zhang, M.F. & Villagrana, B., 'Using “Big Data” versus alternative measures of aggregate data to predict the U.S. 2016 Presidential Election' (2017), Psychological Reports [online]
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Maarouf, S., 'Can teacher preparation programs have an impact on combating Islamophobia in public schools?' (2017), in J.R. Jones (Ed.), Feather boas, black hoodies, and John Deere hats (pp.41-50). Rotterdam: SensePublishers
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Määttä, S., Suomalainen, K. & Tuomarla, U., 'Constructing Anti-Immigration Ideology and Group Identity in an Online Conversation Thread on the Suomi24 Discussion Board | [Maahanmuuttovastaisen Ideologian ja Ryhmäidentiteetin Rakentuminen Suomi24-Keskustelussa]' (2020), Virittaja, 124(2), pp. 190-216
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Mac Ginty, R., 'Ethno-national conflict and hate crime' (2001), American Behavioral Scientist, 45(4), pp.639-667
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Macagno, F., 'Argumentation profiles and the manipulation of common ground. The arguments of populist leaders on Twitter' (2022), Journal of Pragmatics, 191, pp. 67-82
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Macaraan, W.E.R., 'The notion of Kapwa amid Asian hate' (2022), Journal of public health (Oxford, England), 44(3), pp. e421-e422
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MacAvaney, S., Yao, H.-R., Yang, E., Russell, K., Goharian, N. & Frieder, O., 'Hate Speech Detection: Challenges and Solutions' (2019), PLoS ONE, 14(8): e0221152
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MacDonald, S.J., '‘Community fear and harassment’: Learning difficulties and hate crime incidents in the north-east of England' (2015), Disability and Society, 30(3), pp.353-367
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MacDonald, Stephen, 'Disability, Hate Crime and the Intersectionality of Hate Relationships.' (2020)
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MacDonald, J.M., Hipp. J.R. & Gill, C., 'The effects of immigrant concentration on changes in neighborhood crime rates' (2013), Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29(2), pp.191-215
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Macdonald, S.J., Donovan, C. & Clayton, J., 'The disability bias: Understanding the context of hate in comparison with other minority populations' (2017), Disability & Society [online], pp.1-17
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Macdonald, S.J., Donovan, C. & Clayton, J., '‘I may be left with no choice but to end my torment’: Disability and intersectionalities of hate crime' (2021), Disability and Society [online]
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Macdonald, S.J., Donovan, C., & Clayton, J., 'The disability bias: understanding the context of hate in comparison with other minority populations' (2017), Disability & Society, 32(4), pp.483-499
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Macedo, S., 'Lost in the marketplace of ideas: Towards a new constitution for free speech after Trump and Twitter?' (2022), Philosophy and Social Criticism, 48(4), pp. 496-514
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Macfarlane, E. (Ed.), 'Dilemmas of free expression' (2021), Toronto: University of Toronto Press
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Macginty, R., 'Hate crimes in deeply divided societies: The case of Northern Ireland' (2000), New Political Science, 22(1), pp.49-60
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MacGinty, R., 'Ethno-national conflict and hate crime' (2001), American Behavioral Scientist, 45(4), pp.639-653
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Machova, K., Srba, I., Sarnovský, M., Paralič, J., Kresnakova, V.M., Hrckova, A., Kompan, M., Simko, M., Blaho, R., Chuda, D., Bielikova, M. & Navrat, P., 'Addressing False Information and Abusive Language in Digital Space Using Intelligent Approaches' (2021), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1281, pp. 3-32
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MacHova, K., Suchanic, D. & Maslej-Kresnakova, V., 'Recognition of Hate or Offensive Tweets in the Online Communities' (2020), ICETA 2020 - 18th IEEE International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications, Proceedings, 9379227, pp. 418-423
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Mačkić, J., 'Proving discriminatory violence at the European Court of Human Rights' (2018), Dordrecht, Netherlands: Brill
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Mačkić, J., 'The European Court of Human Rights and discriminatory violence complaints' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.233-246), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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MacMullan, T., 'Habits of hate: A pragmatist analysis of habits of racism and nativism' (2011), Journal of Hate Studies, 9(1), pp. 93-112
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MacNamara, B.S., 'New York’s Hate Crimes Act of 2000: Problematic and redundant legislation aimed at subjective motivation (commentary)' (2002), Albany Law Review, 66(2), pp.519-546
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Maddox, G.L., Back, K.W. & Liederman, V.R., 'Overweight as social deviance and disability' (1968), Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 9(4), pp.287-298
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Madibbo, A., 'The way forward: African Francophone immigrants negotiate their multiple minority identities' (2015), Journal of International Migration and Integration
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Madran, H.A.D., 'The darker side of the virtual environment: Online discrimination' (2021), in E.E. Başar (Ed.) Paradigm Shifts within the Communication World (pp. 63-79), Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers
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Madukwe, K.J. & Gao, X., 'The Thin Line Between Hate and Profanity' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11919 LNAI, pp. 344-356
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Madukwe, K.J., Gao, X. & Xue, B., 'What Emotion Is Hate? Incorporating Emotion Information into the Hate Speech Detection Task' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 13032 LNAI, pp. 273-286
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Madukwe, K.J., Gao, X. & Xue, B., 'Token replacement-based data augmentation methods for hate speech detection' (2022), World Wide Web [online]
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Madukwe, K.J., Gao, X. & Xue, B., 'A GA-Based Approach to Fine-Tuning BERT for Hate Speech Detection' (2020), 2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2020, 9308419, pp. 2821-2828
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Madukwe, K.J., Gao, X. & Xue, B., 'Dependency-based embedding for distinguishing between hate speech and offensive language' (2020), Proceedings - 2020 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, WI-IAT 2020, 9457754, pp. 860-868
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Maduro, R.S., Sheehan, B.E., Hitson, P., Shappie, A.T. & Derlega, V.J., 'LGBTQ-Related Individual Differences Predict Emotional Reactions to the Pulse Nightclub Shootings' (2020), Violence and Victims, 35(2), pp. 210-226
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Madžarević, G. & Soto-Sanfiel , M.T., 'Positive representation of gay characters in movies for reducing homophobia' (2018), Sexuality & Culture [online], pp.1-22
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Maeso, S.R., '‘Civilising’ the Roma? The depoliticisation of (anti-)racism within the politics of integration' (2015), Identities, 22(1), pp.53-70
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Magic, J. & Maljevac, S., 'Research for action: Challenging homophobia in Slovene secondary education' (2016), Journal of LGBT Youth, 13(1-2), International perspectives on homophobic and transphobic bullying in schools
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Maguire, T., 'Curating hatred: The Joe McWilliams’s controversy at the Ulster Museum' (2016), Journal of Hate Studies, 13(1), pp. 61-83
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Maguire, R., Wilson, A. & Jahoda, A., 'Talking about learning disability: Promoting positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities in Scottish schools' (2018), International Journal of Developmental Disabilities [online], pp.1-8
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Maher, L., 'Free speech and its postmodern adversaries' (2001), Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, 8(2)
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Maher, JM, McCulloch, J. & Mason, G., 'Punishing gendered violence as hate crime: Aggravated sentences as a means of recognising hate as motivation for violent crimes against women' (2015), Australian Feminist Law Journal, 41(1), pp.177-193
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Maheshappa, P., Mathew, B. & Saha, P., 'Using Knowledge Graphs to Improve Hate Speech Detection' (2020), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 430
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Mahmood, K., 'Countering Violent Extremism through Narrative Building in Pakistan' (2022), Islamic Studies, 61(1), pp. 63-84
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Mahmood, F., Acharya, D., Kumar, K. & Paudyal, V., 'Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on ethnic minority communities: A qualitative study on the perspectives of ethnic minority community leaders' (2021), BMJ Open, 11(10), e050584
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Mahmut, D., 'Revisiting Muslim identity and Islamophobia in the contemporary world' (2018), in B.D. Lundy, A.K. Adebayo & S.W. Hayes, Atone: Religion, conflict, and reconciliation (pp.43-56). London: Lexington Books

Mahoney, K.E., 'Hate vilification legislation and freedom of expression: Where is the balance?' (1994), Australian Journal of Human Rights, 1(1), 353 (Paper presented at the Racism and Anti-Semitism in Contemporary Australia Conference, Melbourne, 11-12 June 1994)
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Mahoney, B., Davies, M. & Scurlock-Evans, L., 'Victimization among female and male sexual minority status groups: Evidence from the British Crime Survey 2007-2010' (2014), Journal of Homosexuality, 61(10), pp.1435-1461
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Maine, A., 'Perceptions of Violence and the Self-Regulation of Identity for LGBTQ People in the UK' (2022), Journal of Criminal Law, 86(2), pp. 60-74
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Maiorana, A., Rebchook, G., Kassie, N. & Myers, J.J., 'On being gay in Barbados: “Bullers” and “Battyboys” and their HIV risk in a societal context of stigma' (2013), Journal of Homosexuality, 60(7), pp.984-1010
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Majied, K.F., 'Racism and homophobia in Cuba: A historical and contemporary overview' (2015), Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 25(1), pp.26-34
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Makhubu, N., 'Violence and the cultural logics of pain: Representations of sexuality in the work of Nicholas Hlobo and Zanele Muholi' (2012), Critical Arts, 26(4), pp.504-524
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Malcom, Z.T. & Lantz, B., 'Hate Crime Victimization and Weapon Use' (2020), Criminal Justice and Behavior [online]
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