Publications: Hate speech

A

Akrivopoulou, C.M., 'Dignity as the ultimate boundary to the freedom of speech: An account of Jeremy Waldron’s “harm in hate speech” argument' (2014), Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 4(99), pp.1805-1810
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Al-Makhadmeh, Z., Tolba, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Killer Natural Language Processing Optimizing Ensemble Deep Learning Approach' (2019), Computing [online]
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Alaburić, V., 'Legal concept of hate speech and jurisprudence of the European court of human rights' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 230-252
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M., Mishra, S., 'Investigating the Effect of Combining GRU Neural Networks With Handcrafted Features for Religious Hatred Detection on Arabic Twitter Space' (2019), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 9(1),41
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Alexander, L., 'Is there a right to freedom of expression?' (2005), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander, L., 'The ADL hate crime statute and the first amendment' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.49-51
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The legal regulation of hate speech: The international and European frameworks' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 203-229
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Alsaad, A., Taamneh, A. & Al-Jedaiah, M.N., 'Does social media increase racist behavior? An examination of confirmation bias theory' (2018), Technology in Society [online]
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Anand, M. & Eswari, R., 'Classification of Abusive Comments in Social Media Using Deep Learning' (2019), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication, ICCMC 2019, pp. 974-977
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Arroio, A., 'Education as a human right against hate speech and intolerance' (2019), Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 77(3), pp. 314-316
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ARTICLE 19, 'Responding to ‘hate speech’: Comparative overview of six EU countries' (2018)
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ARTICLE 19, 'Self-regulation and ‘hate speech’ on social media platforms' (2018), London, UK
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Asquith, N., 'In terrorem: “With their tanks and their bombs, and their bombs and their guns, in your head”' (2004), Journal of Sociology, 40(4), pp.400-416
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Asquith, N., 'Race riots on the beach: A case for criminalising hate speech?' (2008), Paper presented at the British Criminology Conference, Huddersfield.
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Asquith, N., 'The harms of verbal and textual hatred' (2009), in Perry, B. (ed.), Hate crimes: The consequences of hate crime Volume 2. Praeger Publishers.

Assimakopoulos, S., Baider, F.H. & Millar, S., 'Online hate speech in the European Union: A discourse-analytic perspective' (2017), Cham, Switzerland: Springer
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Aulia, N. & Budi, I., 'Hate Speech Detection on Indonesian Long Text Documents Using Machine Learning Approach' (2019), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 164-169
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Awan, I. & Zempi, I., '‘I will blow your face off’ – Virtual and physical world anti-Muslim hate crime' (2017), British Journal of Criminology, 57(2), pp.362-380
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B

Badar, M. E., 'The road to genocide: The propaganda machine of the self-declared Islamic State (IS)' (2016), International Criminal Law Review, 16(3), pp.361–411
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Baider, F., '‘Go to hell fucking faggots, may you die!’ framing the LGBT subject in online comments' (2018), Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14(1), pp.69–92
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Baider, F., '‘Double speech act: Negotiating inter-cultural beliefs and intra-cultural hate speech’' (2019), Journal of Pragmatics [online]

Baider, F. & Kopytowska, M., 'Narrating hostility, challenging hostile narratives' (2018), Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14(1), pp.1-24
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Bakalis, C., 'Regulating hate crime in the digital age' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.263-276), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Bakalis, C. & Lloyd, C., 'Dangerous speech and images: Regulating the internet' (2018), Information & Communications Technology Law, 27(1), pp.1-3
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Bakken, T., 'Liberty and equality through freedom of expression: The human rights questions behind ‘hate crime’ laws' (2000), The International Journal of Human Rights, 4(2), pp.1-12
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Barendt, E., , '‘What Is the Harm of Hate Speech?’' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Barnidge, M., Kim, B., Sherrill, L.A., Luknar, Ž. & Zhang, J., 'Perceived Exposure to and Avoidance of Hate Speech in Various Communication Settings' (2019), Telematics and Informatics, 44, 101263
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Bartlett, J. & Krasodomski-Jones, A., 'Counter-speech examining content that challenges extremism online' (2015), DEMOS
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Billingham, P., '‘State Speech as a Response to Hate Speech: Assessing “Transformative Liberalism”’' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Blanuša, N. & Kulenović, E., 'Hate speech, contentious symbols and politics of memory: Survey research on Croatian citizens’ attitudes' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 176-202
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Boeckmann, R.J. & Liew, J., 'Hate speech: Asian American students’ justice judgments and psychological responses' (2002), Journal of Social Issues, 58(2), pp.363-381
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Bonnet, F. & Caillault, C., 'The invader, the enemy within and they-who-must-not-be-named: How police talk about minorities in Italy, the Netherlands and France' (2015), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(7), pp.1185-1201
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Bortone, R. & Cerquozzi, F., 'L’hate speech al tempo di Internet' (2017), Aggiornamenti Sociali, 12/68 [online]
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Bortone, R. & Pistecchia, A., 'Hate speech e antiziganismo. Una riflessione sulle discriminazioni nell’era dei social' (2017), IDOS, Dossier Statistico Immigrazione, Confronti, pp. 233-237
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Bortone, R. & Pistecchia, A., 'Online hate speech, marginalized groups and minorities: Considerations about types of discrimination in the age of social networks and media' (2018), Dynamics and Policies of Prejudice from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Century
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Brennan, F., 'www.hatecrime.co Laws uncritical engagement' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.75-78
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Brink, D.O., 'Millian principles, freedom of expression and hate speech' (2001), Legal Theory, 7(2), pp.119-157
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Bronitt, S., 'Hate speech, sedition and the war on terror' (2007), in Gelber, K. & Stone, A. (eds.) Hate Speech and Freedom of Speech in Australia. The Federation Press.

Brown, A., 'What is hate speech? Part 2: Family resemblances' (2017), Law and Philosophy, 36(5), pp.561–613
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Brown, A., 'What is hate speech? Part 1: The myth of hate' (2017), Law and Philosophy, 36(4), pp.419–468
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Brown, A., 'The “who?” question in the hate speech debate: Part 1: Consistency, practical, and formal approaches' (2016), Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, 29(2), pp. 275-320
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Brown, A., 'Hate speech law: A philosophical examination' (2015), New York: Routledge.
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Brown, R.S., 'Susan Gellman has it right' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.46-48
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Brown, A., 'What is so special about online (as compared to offline) hate speech?' (2017), Ethnicities, 18(3), pp.297-326
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Brown, A. & Sinclair, A., 'The Politics of Hate Speech Laws' (2019), London: Routledge
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Bruns, A., 'After the ‘APIcalypse’: social media platforms and their fight against critical scholarly research' (2019), Information Communication and Society [online]
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Burn, S.M., Kadlec, K. & Rexer, R., 'Effects of subtle heterosexism on gays, lesbians, and bisexuals' (2008), Journal of Homosexuality, 49(2), pp.23-28
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Hate Speech, machine classification and statistical modelling of information flows on Twitter: Interpretation and communication for policy decision making' (2014), The Internet, Policy & Politics Conferences.
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Us and them: Identifying cyber hate on Twitter across multiple protected characteristics' (2016), EPJ Data Science, 5(1)
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C

Carroll, J., 'Leveraging the ooda Loop With Digital Analytics to Counter Disinformation' (2019), European Conference on Information Warfare and Security 2019, pp. 106-113
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