Publications: Hate speech

A

Abderrouaf, C. & Oussalah, M., 'On Online Hate Speech Detection. Effects of Negated Data Construction' (2019), Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019, 9006336, pp. 5595-5602
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Abdul Aziz, N.A., Aizaini Maarof, M. & Zainal, A., 'Hate Speech and Offensive Language Detection: A New Feature Set with Filter-Embedded Combining Feature Selection' (2021), 2021 3rd International Cyber Resilience Conference, CRC 2021, 9392486
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Abdurrahman, M.H., Irawan, B. & Setianingsih, C., 'A Review of Light Gradient Boosting Machine Method for Hate Speech Classification on Twitter' (2020), ICECIE 2020 - 2020 2nd International Conference on Electrical, Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Proceedings, 9309565
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Abid, A.A., Shami, S. & Ashfaq, A., 'Facebook and hate speech: Analyzing relationship between consumers’ attributes and Islamic sectarian content on social media in Pakistan' (2021), Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 11(1)
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Abro, S., Shaikh, S., Ali, Z., Khan. S., Mujtaba, G. & Khand, Z.H., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Machine Learning: A Comparative Study' (2020), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(8), pp. 484-491
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Agarwal, P., Hawkins, O., Amaxopoulou, M., Dempsey, N., Sastry, N. & Wood, E., 'Hate Speech in Political Discourse: A Case Study of UK MPs on Twitter' (2021), HT 2021 - Proceedings of the 32nd ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media, pp. 155-164
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Agarwal, S. & Chowdary, C.R., 'Combating hate speech using an adaptive ensemble learning model with a case study on COVID-19' (2021), Expert Systems with Applications, 185, 115632
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Aggarwal, A., Sharma, V., Trivedi, A., Agrawal, C., Singh, D., Mishra, V. & Gritli, H., 'Two-Way Feature Extraction Using Sequential and Multimodal Approach for Hateful Meme Classification' (2021), Complexity, 2021, 5510253
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Ahn, J.-H. & Park, H., 'Dealing With Hate Speech: Voices From Young Koreans Living in Japan' (2019), Asian Journal of Social Science, 47(6), pp. 677-700
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Ajani, S.Y., Arikewuyo, A.K., Lukuman, A.A., Muhammad A.R., Imam O.A., Mahamood A.F., Manaf, A.R.A. & Hassan, J., 'Influence of hate speech messages on voters’ choice of candidate in Kwara State 2019 gubernatorial election' (2021), AIP Conference Proceedings, 2347,020041
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Akhtar, S., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'A New Measure of Polarization in the Annotation of Hate Speech' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11946 LNAI, pp. 588-603
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Akrivopoulou, C.M., 'Dignity as the ultimate boundary to the freedom of speech: An account of Jeremy Waldron’s “harm in hate speech” argument' (2014), Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 4(99), pp.1805-1810
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Al Serhan, F. & Elareshi, M., 'University Students’ Awareness of Social Media Use and Hate Speech in Jordan' (2019), International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 13(2), pp. 548-563
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Al-Hassan, A. & Al-Dossari, H., 'Detection of hate speech in Arabic Tweets using deep learning' (2021), Multimedia Systems [online]
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Al-Khalifa, S., Aljarah, I. & Abushariah, M.A.M., 'Hate Speech Classification in Arabic Tweets' (2020), Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(11), pp. 1816-1831
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Al-Makhadmeh, Z., Tolba, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Killer Natural Language Processing Optimizing Ensemble Deep Learning Approach' (2019), Computing [online]
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Alaburić, V., 'Legal concept of hate speech and jurisprudence of the European court of human rights' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 230-252
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Alatawi, H.S., Alhothali, A.M. & Moria, K.M., 'Detecting White Supremacist Hate Speech Using Domain Specific Word Embedding with Deep Learning and BERT' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9497095, pp. 106363-106374
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M. & Mishra, S., 'Hateful People or Hateful Bots? Detection and Characterization of Bots Spreading Religious Hatred in Arabic Social Media' (2019), Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 3(CSCW)
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M., Mishra, S., 'Investigating the Effect of Combining GRU Neural Networks With Handcrafted Features for Religious Hatred Detection on Arabic Twitter Space' (2019), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 9(1),41
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Alcacer-Guirao, R. & Fouce, H., 'Toxic emotions in the new public sphere: Media controversies and hate discourse | [Emociones tóxicas en la nueva esfera pública: Controversias mediáticas y discurso del odio]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 11(2), pp. 123-135
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Aldridge, D., 'Online Harassment and Hate' (2019), ITNOW, 61(3), pp. 34
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Alexander, L., 'Is there a right to freedom of expression?' (2005), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander, L., 'The ADL hate crime statute and the first amendment' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.49-51
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Alharthi, R., 'Recognizing Hate-prone Characteristics of Online Hate Speech Targets' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 153-155
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Ali, O., Scheidt, N., Gegov, A., Haig, E., Adda, M. & Aziz, B., 'Automated Detection of Racial Microaggressions using Machine Learning' (2020), 2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2020, 9308569, pp. 2477-2484
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Aljarah, I., Habib, M., Hijazi, N., Faris, H., Qaddoura, R., Hammo, B., Abushariah, M. & Alfawareh, M., 'Intelligent Detection of Hate Speech in Arabic Social Network: A Machine Learning Approach' (2020), Journal of Information Science [online]
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Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'Genetic Programming Approach to Detect Hate Speech in Social Media' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9513275, pp. 115115-115125
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Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Genetic Programming' (2020), 3rd International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering, ICOASE 2020, 9436621, pp. 92-96
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The legal regulation of hate speech: The international and European frameworks' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 203-229
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Almatarneh, S., Gamallo, P., Pena, F.J.R. & Alexeev, A., 'Supervised Classifiers to Identify Hate Speech on English and Spanish Tweets' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11853 LNCS, pp. 23-30
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Alonso, P., Saini, R. & Kovács, G., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Transformer Ensembles on the HASOC Dataset' (2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12335 LNAI, pp. 13-21
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Alotaibi, A. & Abul Hasanat, M.H., 'Racism Detection in Twitter Using Deep Learning and Text Mining Techniques for the Arabic Language' (2020), Proceedings - 2020 1st International Conference of Smart Systems and Emerging Technologies, SMART-TECH 2020, 9283815, pp. 161-164
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Alrehili, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection on Social Media: A Brief Survey' (2019), Proceedings of IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA, 2019-November, 9035228
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Alsaad, A., Taamneh, A. & Al-Jedaiah, M.N., 'Does social media increase racist behavior? An examination of confirmation bias theory' (2018), Technology in Society [online]
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Alsafari, S., Sadaoui, S. & Mouhoub, M., 'Deep Learning Ensembles for Hate Speech Detection' (2020), Proceedings - International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, ICTAI, 2020-November, 9288318, pp. 526-531
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Alsafari, S., Sadaoui, S. & Mouhoub, M., 'Hate and Offensive Speech Detection on Arabic Social Media' (2020), Online Social Networks and Media, 19, 100096
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Alshalan, R. & Al-Khalifa, H., 'A deep learning approach for automatic hate speech detection in the Saudi Twittersphere' (2020), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 10(23), 8614, pp. 1-16
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Alshalan, R., Al-Khalifa, H., Alsaeed, D., Al-Baity, H. & Alshalan, S., 'Detection of hate speech in COVID-19-related tweets in the Arab Region: Deep learning and topic modeling approach' (2020), Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(12), e22609
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Alshamrani, S., Abusnaina, A., Abuhamad, M., Nyang, D. & Mohaisen, D., 'Hate, Obscenity, and Insults: Measuring the Exposure of Children to Inappropriate Comments in YouTube' (2021), The Web Conference 2021 - Companion of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2021, pp. 508-515
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Aluru, S.S., Mathew, B., Saha, P. & Mukherjee, A., 'A Deep Dive into Multilingual Hate Speech Classification' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12461 LNAI, pp. 423-439
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Alvarez-Benjumea & A., Winter, F., 'The Breakdown of Antiracist Norms: A Natural Experiment on Hate Speech After Terrorist Attacks' (2020), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(37), pp. 22800-22804
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Alzamzami, F. & Saddik, A.E., 'Monitoring Cyber SentiHate Social Behavior during COVID-19 Pandemic in North America' (2021), IEEE Access, 9,9452177, pp. 91184-91208
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Amrute, S., 'Immigrant Sensibilities in Tech Worlds: Sensing Hate, Capturing Dissensus' (2020), Cultural Anthropology, 35(3), pp. 374-403
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Amrutha, B.R. & Bindu, K.R., 'Detecting Hate Speech in Tweets Using Different Deep Neural Network Architectures' (2019), 2019 International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems, ICCS 2019, 9065763, pp. 923-926
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Anand, M. & Eswari, R., 'Classification of Abusive Comments in Social Media Using Deep Learning' (2019), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication, ICCMC 2019, pp. 974-977
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Anning, S., Konstantinidis, G. & Webber, C., 'Social Science for Natural Language Processing: A Hostile Narrative Analysis Prototype' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 102-111
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Arango, A., 'Language Agnostic Hate Speech Detection' (2020), SIGIR 2020 - Proceedings of the 43rd International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp. 2475
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Arango, A., Pérez, J. & Poblete, B., 'Hate Speech Detection Is Not as Easy as You May Think: A Closer Look at Model Validation (Extended Version)' (2020), Information Systems, 101584 [online]
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Araque, O. & Iglesias, C.A., 'An Ensemble Method for Radicalization and Hate Speech Detection Online Empowered by Sentic Computing' (2021), Cognitive Computation [online]
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