Publications: 2021

A

Abdul Aziz, N.A., Aizaini Maarof, M. & Zainal, A., 'Hate Speech and Offensive Language Detection: A New Feature Set with Filter-Embedded Combining Feature Selection' (2021), 2021 3rd International Cyber Resilience Conference, CRC 2021, 9392486
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Abdul Razak, M.I. & Mohamed Saleem, A., 'COVID-19: The Crossroads for Sinhala–Muslim Relations in Sri Lanka' (2021), Journal of Asian and African Studies [online]
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Abid, A.A., Shami, S. & Ashfaq, A., 'Facebook and hate speech: Analyzing relationship between consumers’ attributes and Islamic sectarian content on social media in Pakistan' (2021), Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 11(1)
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Aggarwal, A., Sharma, V., Trivedi, A., Agrawal, C., Singh, D., Mishra, V. & Gritli, H., 'Two-Way Feature Extraction Using Sequential and Multimodal Approach for Hateful Meme Classification' (2021), Complexity, 2021, 5510253
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Åkerlund, M., 'Influence Without Metrics: Analyzing the Impact of Far-Right Users in an Online Discussion Forum' (2021), Social Media and Society, 7(2)
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Al-Hassan, A. & Al-Dossari, H., 'Detection of hate speech in Arabic Tweets using deep learning' (2021), Multimedia Systems [online]
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Alcacer-Guirao, R. & Fouce, H., 'Toxic emotions in the new public sphere: Media controversies and hate discourse | [Emociones tóxicas en la nueva esfera pública: Controversias mediáticas y discurso del odio]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 11(2), pp. 123-135
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Alhaboby, Z.A., Al-Khateeb, H.M., Barnes, J., Jahankhani H., Pitchford M., Conradie, L. & Short, E., 'Cyber-Disability Hate Cases in the UK: The Documentation by the Police and Potential Barriers to Reporting' (2021), Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications, pp. 123-133
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Alharthi, R., 'Recognizing Hate-prone Characteristics of Online Hate Speech Targets' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 153-155
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Alrababa'H, A., Marble, W., Mousa, S.A.L.M.A. & Siegel, A.A., 'Can Exposure to Celebrities Reduce Prejudice? The Effect of Mohamed Salah on Islamophobic Behaviors and Attitudes' (2021), American Political Science Review [online]
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Alshamrani, S., Abusnaina, A., Abuhamad, M., Nyang, D. & Mohaisen, D., 'Hate, Obscenity, and Insults: Measuring the Exposure of Children to Inappropriate Comments in YouTube' (2021), The Web Conference 2021 - Companion of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2021, pp. 508-515
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Altaa, M. & Al-Rawashdeh, A.L., 'The social responsibility of television in the dissemination of a culture of tolerance and rejection of hatred (Applied Study on a Sample of the UAE Society 2019-2020)' (2021), Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences, 48(2), pp. 85-102
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Aluru, S.S., Mathew, B., Saha, P. & Mukherjee, A., 'A Deep Dive into Multilingual Hate Speech Classification' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12461 LNAI, pp. 423-439
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Anning, S., Konstantinidis, G. & Webber, C., 'Social Science for Natural Language Processing: A Hostile Narrative Analysis Prototype' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 102-111
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Araque, O. & Iglesias, C.A., 'An Ensemble Method for Radicalization and Hate Speech Detection Online Empowered by Sentic Computing' (2021), Cognitive Computation [online]
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Arcila-Calderón, C., Blanco-Herrero, D., Frías-Vázquez, M. & Seoane, F., 'Refugees welcome? Online hate speech and sentiments in Twitter in Spain during the reception of the boat Aquarius' (2021), Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(5), 2728, pp. 1-17
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Askanius, T., 'On Frogs, Monkeys, and Execution Memes: Exploring the Humor-Hate Nexus at the Intersection of Neo-Nazi and Alt-Right Movements in Sweden' (2021), Television and New Media, 22(2), pp. 147-165
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Asogwa, N.U. & Onwuama, M.E., 'Hate Speech and Authentic Personhood: Unveiling the Truth' (2021), SAGE Open, 11(1)
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Atak, K., 'Racist Victimization, Legal Estrangement and Resentful Reliance on the Police in Sweden' (2021), Social and Legal Studies [online]
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Attir, M.O., 'The role of armed conflict in developing a subculture of hate and its consequences: Empirical findings from Libya' (2021), Contemporary Arab Affairs, 14(2), pp. 62-76
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Ayo, F.E., Folorunso, O., Ibharalu, F.T., Osinuga, I.A. & Abayomi-Alli, A., 'A probabilistic clustering model for hate speech classification in Twitter' (2021), Expert Systems with Applications, 173, 114762
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B

Bai, H. & Federico, C.M., 'White and minority demographic shifts, intergroup threat, and right-wing extremism' (2021), Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 94, 104114
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Bakalis, C. & Hornle, J., 'The role of social media companies in the regulation of online hate speech' (2021), Studies in Law Politics and Society, 85, pp. 75-100
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Baugut, P., 'Advocating for Minority Inclusion: How German Journalists Conceive and Enact Their Roles When Reporting on Antisemitism' (2021), Journalism Studies [online]
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Becker, A.B., 'Sacha Baron Cohen, Anti-Semitism, and Borat: Using Advocacy and Irony to Speak Out Against Hate' (2021), Society [online]
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Beddiar, D.R., Jahan, M.S. & Oussalah, M., 'Data expansion using back translation and paraphrasing for hate speech detection' (2021), Online Social Networks and Media, 24, 100153
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Beers, L.S., Szilagyi, M., Seigel, W.M., Davis, W.S., Fukuda, Y., Joseph, M., Wright, J.L., Goza, S.H. & Del Monte, M., 'Immunizing against hate: Overcoming Asian American and Pacific Islander racism' (2021), Pediatrics, 148(1), e2021051836
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Bell, J., 'Lack of punishment Doesn’t fit the crime: America’s tepid response to bias-motivated crime' (2021), Studies in Law Politics and Society, 85, pp. 29-48
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Bernatzky, C., Costello, M. & Hawdon, J., 'Who Produces Online Hate?: An Examination of the Effects of Self-Control, Social Structure, & Social Learning' (2021), American Journal of Criminal Justice [online]
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Bhatnagar, V., Kumar, P., Moghili, S. & Bhattacharyya, P., 'Divide and Conquer: An Ensemble Approach for Hostile Post Detection in Hindi' (2021), Communications in Computer and Information Science, 1402 CCIS, pp. 244-255
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Bilewicz, M., Tempska, P., Leliwa, G., Dowgiałło, M., Tańska, M., Urbaniak, R. & Wroczyński, M., 'Artificial intelligence against hate: Intervention reducing verbal aggression in the social network environment' (2021), Aggressive Behavior [online]
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Bodrunova, S.S., Litvinenko, A., Blekanov, I. & Nepiyushchikh, D., 'Constructive aggression? Multiple roles of aggressive content in political discourse on Russian YouTube' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 181-194
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Bohonos, J.W., 'Workplace hate speech and rendering Black and Native lives as if they do not matter: A nightmarish autoethnography' (2021), Organization [online]
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Brekke, T., 'Islamophobia and antisemitism are different in their potential for globalization' (2021), Journal of Religion and Violence, 9(1), pp. 80-100
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Bunde, E., 'AI-assisted and explainable hate speech detection for social media moderators – A design science approach' (2021), Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2020-January, pp. 1264-1273
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Burch, L., '‘We shouldn’t be told to shut up, we should be told we can speak out’: Reflections on using arts-based methods to research disability hate crime' (2021), Qualitative Social Work [online]
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Butler, J., 'Excitable speech: A politics of the performative' (2021), London: Routledge
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C

Caiani, M., Carlotti, B. & Padoan, E., 'Online Hate Speech and the Radical Right in Times of Pandemic: The Italian and English Cases' (2021), Javnost [online]
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Castaño-Pulgarín, S.A., Suárez-Betancur, N., Vega, L.M.T. & López, H.M.H., 'Internet, social media and online hate speech. Systematic review' (2021), Aggression and Violent Behavior, 58, 101608
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Cervone, C., Augoustinos, M. & Maass, A., 'The Language of Derogation and Hate: Functions, Consequences, and Reappropriation' (2021), Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 40(1), pp. 80-101
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Chandra, M., Pailla, D., Bhatia, H., Sanchawala, A., Gupta, M., Shrivastava, M. & Kumaraguru, P., 'Subverting the Jewtocracy: Online Antisemitism Detection Using Multimodal Deep Learning' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 148-157
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Chekol, M.A., Moges, M.A. & Nigatu, B.A., 'Social media hate speech in the walk of Ethiopian political reform: Analysis of hate speech prevalence, severity, and natures' (2021), Information Communication and Society [online]
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Cheong, S.M.-C., Azada-Palacios, R., Beye, K., Lang, A.P., Saud, N.B. & Tong, Y., 'Collective autobiographical reflexivity on active and compassionate citizenship in the COVID-19 crisis' (2021), Perspectives in Education, 39(1), pp. 304-322
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Cheriyan, J., Savarimuthu, B.T.R. & Cranefield, S., 'Norm Violation in Online Communities – A Study of Stack Overflow Comments' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12298 LNAI, pp. 20-34
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Chovanec, J., '‘Re-educating the Roma? You must be joking..’: Racism and prejudice in online discussion' (2021), Discourse and Society, 32(2), pp. 156-174
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Coatney, C., 'Don’t feed the trolls? Emerging journalism practices for fighting anti-Semitism' (2021), Cosmopolitan Civil Societies, 13(1), pp. 62-78
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'The End of Self-Regulation: On the Role of Internet Intermediaries in Countering Terror' (2021), in J. Goldstone et al (eds.), The Post ISIS-era: Regional and Global Implications (pp. 215-238), The Netherlands: IOS Press
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Tolerating Racism and Hate Speech: A Critique of C.E. Baker’s ‘Almost’ Absolutism' (2021), in M. Sardoč (Ed), The Palgrave Handbook of Toleration, Cham: Palgrave
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Cohen-Almagor, R. & Guiora, A.N., 'Israel’s Democracy and Security' (2021), in L. Weinberg, E. Francis et al (eds), Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security (pp. 172-190), London and New York: Routledge
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Cooper, C.A., Huffmon, S.H., Knotts, H.G. & McKee, S.C., 'Heritage Versus Hate: Assessing Opinions in the Debate over Confederate Monuments and Memorials' (2021), Social Science Quarterly [online]
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