Publications: Hate crime models

A

Alden, H.L. & Parker, K.F., 'Gender role ideology, Homophobia and hate crime: Linking attitudes to macro-level anti-gay and Lesbian hate crimes' (2005), Deviant Behavior, 26(4), pp.321-343
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Ali, N., Fleisher, W. & Erickson, J., 'Psychiatrists’ and psychiatry residents’ attitudes toward transgender people' (2016), Academic Psychiatry, 40(2), pp.268-273
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Arnold, R., 'Systematic racist violence in Russia between ‘hate crime’ and ‘ethnic conflict’' (2015), Theoretical Criminology, 19(2), pp.239-256
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B

Badar, M. & Florijančič, P., 'Assessing Incitement to Hatred as a Crime Against Humanity of Persecution' (2019), International Journal of Human Rights [online]
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Baider, F. & Constantinou, M., 'Covert Hate Speech: A Contrastive Study of Greek and Greek Cypriot Online Discussions With an Emphasis on Irony' (2020), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 8(2), pp. 262-287
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Bakken, T., 'Liberty and equality through freedom of expression: The human rights questions behind ‘hate crime’ laws' (2000), The International Journal of Human Rights, 4(2), pp.1-12
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Barrett-Fox, R., 'Anger and compassion on the picket line: Ethnography and emotion in the study of Westboro Baptist Church' (2011), Journal of Hate Studies, 9(1), pp. 11-32
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Battistelli, D., 'Building a Formal Model for Hate Detection in French Corpora' (2020), Procedia Computer Science, 176, pp. 2358-2365
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Battle, J. & Lemelle, A.J., 'Gender differences in African American attitudes toward gay males' (2002), The Western Journal of Black Studies, 26(3), pp.134-139
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Baum, S.K., 'Becoming evil: How ordinary people commit genocide and mass killing' (2003), Journal of Hate Studies, 2(1), pp. 103-104
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Baum, S.K., 'Purify and destroy: The political uses of massacre and genocide' (2007), Journal of Hate Studies, 6(1), pp. 137-139
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Berk, R.A., 'Thinking about hate-motivated crimes' (1990), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5(3), pp.334-349
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Berlet, C., 'Hate, oppression, repression, and the apocalyptic style: Facing complex questions and challenges' (2004), Journal of Hate Studies, 3(1), pp. 145-166
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Bjørgo, T. & Aasland Ravndal, J., 'Extreme-Right Violence and Terrorism: Concepts, Patterns, and Response' (2019), ICCT Policy Brief, September 2019
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Blee, K.M., 'Racial violence in the United States' (2005), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(4), pp.499-619
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Bleich, E. & Hart, R.K., 'Quantifying hate: The evolution of German approaches to measuring ‘hate crime’' (2008), German Politics, 17(1), pp.63-80
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Blitzer, J., 'Toward an interdisciplinary field of hate studies: Developing a framework' (2005), Journal of Hate Studies, 4(1), pp. 139-149
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Borell, K., 'When is the time to hate? A research review on the impact of dramatic events on Islamophobia and Islamophobic hate crimes in Europe' (2015), Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, pp.1-13
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Botha, J., 'A Hate Crime Model for the South African Context' (2020), in H. Strydom & J. Botha (Eds.) Select Essays on Governance and Accountability Issues in Public Law (pp. 33- 54), Stellenbosch: African Sun Media
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Bradley, M.S., 'Symbolizing hate: The extent and influence of organized hate group indicators' (2007), Journal of Crime and Justice, 30(1), pp.1-15
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Buckingham, L. & Alali, N., 'Extreme Parallels: A Corpus-Driven Analysis of ISIS and Far-Right Discourse' (2019), Kotuitui [online]
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Burt, C.H., Simons, R.L. & Gibbons, F.X., 'Racial discrimination, ethnic-racial socialization, and crime: A micro-sociological model of risk and resilience' (2012), American Sociological Review, 77(4), pp.648-677
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C

Campo-Engelstein, L., 'Rape as a hate crime: An analysis of New York law' (2016), Hypatia, 31(1), pp.91-106
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Carlson, C.R., 'Hate Speech as a Structural Phenomenon' (2020), First Amendment Studies [online]
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Cervone, C., Augoustinos, M. & Maass, A., 'The Language of Derogation and Hate: Functions, Consequences, and Reappropriation' (2021), Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 40(1), pp. 80-101
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Constantinou, M. & Baider, F.H., 'Covert Hate Speech: A Contrastive Study of Greek and Greek Cypriot Online Discussions with an Emphasis on Irony' (2020), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 8(2), pp. 262-287
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Cowan, G., Heiple, B., Marquez, C., Khatchadourian, D. & McNevin, M., 'Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward hate crimes and hate speech against gays and lesbians: Old-fashioned and modern heterosexism' (2005), Journal of Homosexuality, 49(2), pp.67-82
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Cowburn, M., Duggan, M. & Pollock, E., 'Working with different values: Extremism, hate and sex crimes' (2013), in Cowburn, M., Duggan, M., Robinson, A. & Senior, P. (2013) Values in Criminology and Community Justice. University of Bristol: Policy Press.

D

Di Rosa, A., 'Performative Hate Speech Acts. Perlocutionary and Illocutionary Understandings in International Human Rights Law' (2019), Age of Human Rights Journal, 12, pp. 105-132
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Díaz-Faes, D.A. & Pereda, N., 'Is There Such a Thing as a Hate Crime Paradigm? An Integrative Review of Bias-Motivated Violent Victimization and Offending, Its Effects and Underlying Mechanisms' (2020), Trauma, Violence, and Abuse [online]
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Dickter, C.L., 'Confronting hate: Heterosexuals’ responses to anti-gay comments' (2012), Journal of homosexuality, 59(8), pp.1113-1130
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Doherty, G., 'Prejudice, Friendship and the Abuse of Disabled People: An Exploration Into the Concept of Exploitative Familiarity (‘Mate Crime’)' (2017), Disability and Society [online]
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E

Eckes, C. & Geschke, D., 'Hasskriminalität Als Botschaftstat. Angriffe Aufgrund Der Gruppenzugehörigkeit. [Hate Crime as Message Crime. Attacks Because of Group Membership.]' (2019), Factsheet des IDZ [online]
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Edwards, C., 'Pathologising the victim: Law and the construction of people with disabilities as victims of crime in Ireland' (2014), Disability & Society, 29(5), pp.685-698
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F

Fishbein, H.D., 'The genetic/evolutionary basis of prejudice and hatred' (2004), Journal of Hate Studies, 3(1), pp. 113-119
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Freilich, J.D., Bejan, V., Parkin, W.S., Chermak, S.M. & Gruenewald, J., 'An Intervention Analysis of Fatal Far-Right Extremist Violence Within a Vector-Autoregressive Framework' (2019), Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward Terrorism and Genocide [online]
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G

Gale, L.R., Carrington Heath, W. & Ressler, R.W., 'An economic analysis of hate crime' (2002), Eastern Economic Journal, 28(2), pp.203-216
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Garland, J., '‘It’s a Mosher just been banged for no reason’: Assessing targeted violence against Goths and the parameters of hate crime' (2010), International Review of Victimology, 17(2), pp.159-177
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Ghazi-Tehrani, A. & Kearns, E.M., 'Biased Coverage of Bias Crime: Examining Differences in Media Coverage of Hate Crimes and Terrorism' (2020), Studies in Conflict and Terrorism [online]
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Gladfelter, A.S., Lantz, B. & Ruback, R.B., 'The complexity of hate crime and bias activity: Variation across contexts and types of bias' (2015), Justice Quarterly
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Goodall, K. & Walters, M., 'Legislating to Address Hate Crimes against the LGBT Community in the Commonwealth' (2019), Equality and Justice Alliance
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Green, D.P. & Spry, A.D., 'Hate crime research: Design and measurement strategies for improving causal inference' (2014), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(3), pp.228-246
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H

Hall, N., 'Hate crime' (2013), New York: Routledge

Hall, N., Corb, A., Giannasi, P., & Grieve, J. (eds.), 'The international handbook of hate crime' (2014), London: Routledge.

Harington, E.R., 'The social psychology of hatred' (2004), Journal of Hate Studies, 4(1), pp. 49-82
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Heard, C., 'The law on hate crime' (2013), Journal of Adult Protection, 15(3), pp.164-166
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Heldt, A., 'Reading Between the Lines and the Numbers: An Analysis of the First NetzDG Reports' (2019), Internet Policy Review, 8(2)
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Hill, A., 'Free Speech v. Free Blacks: Racist policing and calls to harm' (2020), First Amendment Studies [online]
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Hoover, K. R. & Johnson, V. D., 'Identity-driven violence: Reclaiming civil society' (2004), Journal of Hate Studies, 3(1), pp. 83-94
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Hunt, J.S., 'Implicit bias and hate crimes: A psychological framework and critical race theory analysis' (2007), Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making, pp.247-265
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