Publications

A

Aa, S. van der, Claessen, J. & Hofmann, R., 'Special Need of Victims of Hate Crime Regarding Criminal Proceedings and Victim Support [Speciale Behoefte van Slachtoffers van Hate Crime Ten Aanzien van Het Strafproces en de Slachtofferhulp]' (2020), Maastricht University - Faculty of Law
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Abashidze, A.K. & Butt, M.S., 'Freedom of Expression—A Double-Edged Right That Continues to Divide Peoples Across the Globe on How Best to Frame Its Scope and Limitations—An Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Perspective in Times of Digitalization' (2022), Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, 254, pp. 187-199
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Abbas, T. & Awan, I., 'Limits of UK Counterterrorism Policy and its implications for Islamophobia and Far Right extremism' (2015), International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4(3), pp.16-29
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Abdel-Fattah, R., '‘Lebanese Muslim’: A Bourdieuian ‘capital’ offense in an Australian coastal town' (2016), Journal of Intercultural Studies, 37(4), p.323-338
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Abdel-Fattah, R., 'Islamophobia and everyday multiculturalism in Australia' (2017), Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge

Abdel-Fattah, R., 'Islamophobia and Australian Muslim political consciousness in the war on terror' (2017), Journal of Intercultural Studies, 38(4), pp.397-411
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Abderrouaf, C. & Oussalah, M., 'On Online Hate Speech Detection. Effects of Negated Data Construction' (2019), Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019, 9006336, pp. 5595-5602
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Abdul Aziz, N.A., Aizaini Maarof, M. & Zainal, A., 'Hate Speech and Offensive Language Detection: A New Feature Set with Filter-Embedded Combining Feature Selection' (2021), 2021 3rd International Cyber Resilience Conference, CRC 2021, 9392486
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Abdul Razak, M.I. & Mohamed Saleem, A., 'COVID-19: The Crossroads for Sinhala–Muslim Relations in Sri Lanka' (2021), Journal of Asian and African Studies [online]
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Abdurrahman, M.H., Irawan, B. & Setianingsih, C., 'A Review of Light Gradient Boosting Machine Method for Hate Speech Classification on Twitter' (2020), ICECIE 2020 - 2020 2nd International Conference on Electrical, Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Proceedings, 9309565
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Abhijit, M., 'Dial H for hatred: Did Independent conclude too soon it is hate crime?' (2017), Journal of Global Communication, 10(1), pp.1-9
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Abid, A.A., Shami, S. & Ashfaq, A., 'Facebook and hate speech: Analyzing relationship between consumers’ attributes and Islamic sectarian content on social media in Pakistan' (2021), Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 11(1)
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Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Watch Committee, 'Eliminating racial discrimination: Submission on Racial Discrimination Amendment Act' (1992), Irene Moores (ed) Voices of Aboriginal Australia: Past, Present, Future (1995) 227

Abrams, K., 'When the state hates' (2018), in T. Brudholm & B. Schepelern Johansen (Eds), Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate (Chapter 11). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Abrams, D., Swift, H. & Houston, D., 'Developing a national barometer of prejudice and discrimination in Britain' (2018), Equality and Human Rights Commission (Research report 119)
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Abrams, D., Swift, H.J. & Mahmood, L., 'Prejudice and unlawful behaviour: Exploring levers for change' (2016), Equality and Human Rights Commission, Research report 101
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Abro, S., Shaikh, S., Ali, Z., Khan. S., Mujtaba, G. & Khand, Z.H., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Machine Learning: A Comparative Study' (2020), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(8), pp. 484-491
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Abu-Ras, W. & Abu-Bader, S.H., 'The impact of the September 11, 2001, attacks on the well-being of Arab Americans in New York City' (2008), Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 3(2), pp.217-239

Abu-Ras, W., Suárez, Z.E. & Abu-Bader, S. , 'Muslim Americans’ safety and well-being in the wake of Trump: A public health and social justice crisis' (2018), The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry [online]
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Adam, B.D., 'Theorizing homophobia' (1998), Sexualities, 1(4), pp.387-404
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Adamczyk, A., Gruenewald, J., Chermak, S.M. & Freilich, J.D., 'The relationship between hate groups and far-right ideological violence' (2014), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(3), pp.310-332
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Adams, D.M., 'Punishing hate and achieving equality' (2005), Criminal Justice Ethics, 24(1), pp.19-30
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Adams, M.S. & Toth, R.C., 'The unanticipated consequences of hate crime legislation' (2006), Judicature, 90(3), pp.129-134
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Adiprasetio, J., Wibowo, K.A. & Rahmawan, D., 'A meta-analysis of hate speech in Indonesia the yielding of academic discourse to the discourse of authority' (2021), Pacific Journalism Review, 27(1-2), pp. 251-267
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Aeschbach, M., '#WhatBritishMuslimsReallyThink: Negotiating religious and national identity on Twitter' (2017), Zeitschrift für junge Religionswissenschaft
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Afshar, H., 'Can I see your hair? Choice, agency and attitudes: The dilemma of faith and feminism for Muslim women who cover' (2008), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(2), pp.411-427
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Afzal, N., 'Response to CLR article on Rochdale child sexual exploitation case' (2014), Criminal Law Review, 2, pp.145-146

Agarwal, P., Hawkins, O., Amaxopoulou, M., Dempsey, N., Sastry, N. & Wood, E., 'Hate Speech in Political Discourse: A Case Study of UK MPs on Twitter' (2021), HT 2021 - Proceedings of the 32nd ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media, pp. 155-164
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Agarwal, S. & Chowdary, C.R., 'Combating hate speech using an adaptive ensemble learning model with a case study on COVID-19' (2021), Expert Systems with Applications, 185, 115632
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Aggarwal, A., Sharma, V., Trivedi, A., Agrawal, C., Singh, D., Mishra, V. & Gritli, H., 'Two-Way Feature Extraction Using Sequential and Multimodal Approach for Hateful Meme Classification' (2021), Complexity, 2021, 5510253
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Agrawal, P., Yusuf, Y., Pasha, O., Ali, S.H., Ziad, H. & Hyder, A.A., 'Interpersonal Stranger Violence and American Muslims: An Exploratory Study of Lived Experiences and Coping Strategies' (2019), Global Bioethics, 30(1), pp. 28-42
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Ahmed, N., 'Measurement of Perceived Interpersonal and Societal Anti-Muslim Discrimination in the United States' (2020), Assessment [online]
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Ahmed, S., 'The organisation of hate' (2001), Law and Critique, 12(3), pp.345-365
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Ahmed, M., Brody, S., Samuel, M. & Taylor, A., 'Terrorism in London. Special report' (2005), Community Care, 1581, pp.6-7

Ahn, J.-H. & Park, H., 'Dealing With Hate Speech: Voices From Young Koreans Living in Japan' (2019), Asian Journal of Social Science, 47(6), pp. 677-700
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Aho, J.A., 'Out of hate: A sociology of defection from neo-Nazism' (1988), Current Research on Peace and Violence, 11(4), pp.159-168
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Ajani, S.Y., Arikewuyo, A.K., Lukuman, A.A., Muhammad A.R., Imam O.A., Mahamood A.F., Manaf, A.R.A. & Hassan, J., 'Influence of hate speech messages on voters’ choice of candidate in Kwara State 2019 gubernatorial election' (2021), AIP Conference Proceedings, 2347,020041
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Åkerlund, M., 'Influence Without Metrics: Analyzing the Impact of Far-Right Users in an Online Discussion Forum' (2021), Social Media and Society, 7(2)
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Akhtar, Z., 'Vigilantism, presumption of guilt and murder' (2018), Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 182(7)

Akhtar, S., 'The mental pain of minorities' (2014), British Journal of Psychotherapy, 30(2), pp.136-153
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Akhtar, S., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'A New Measure of Polarization in the Annotation of Hate Speech' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11946 LNAI, pp. 588-603
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Akiba, D., 'Reopening America’s Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Protecting Asian Students from Stigma and Discrimination' (2020), Frontiers in Sociology, 5, 588936
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Akiviadou, N., 'Regulating hatred: Of devils and demons?' (2018), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law [online]
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Akrivopoulou, C.M., 'Dignity as the ultimate boundary to the freedom of speech: An account of Jeremy Waldron’s “harm in hate speech” argument' (2014), Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 4(99), pp.1805-1810
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Al Serhan, F. & Elareshi, M., 'University Students’ Awareness of Social Media Use and Hate Speech in Jordan' (2019), International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 13(2), pp. 548-563
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making a home for the homeless in hate crime legislation' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1755-1781
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making room for hate crime legislation in liberal societies' (2010), Criminal Law and Philosophy, 4(3), pp.341-358
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Al-Hakim, M. & Dimock, S., 'Hate as an aggravating factor in sentencing' (2012), New Criminal Law Review, 15(4), pp.572-611
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Al-Hassan, A. & Al-Dossari, H., 'Detection of hate speech in Arabic Tweets using deep learning' (2021), Multimedia Systems [online]
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Al-Khalifa, S., Aljarah, I. & Abushariah, M.A.M., 'Hate Speech Classification in Arabic Tweets' (2020), Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(11), pp. 1816-1831
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