Publications: G

Gabai, S., 'LGBTQI Digital Media Activism and Counter-Hate Speech in Italy' (2022), London: Routledge
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Gadd, D., 'Racial aggravation or aggravating racism: Overcoming the disjunction between legal and subjective realities' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Gadd, D., 'Aggravating racism and elusive motivation' (2009), British Journal of Criminology, 49(6), pp.755-771
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Gadd, D. & Dixon, B., 'Losing the race: Thinking psychosocially about racially motivated crime' (2018), Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge

Gadd, D., Dixon, B. & Jefferson, T. , 'Why do they do it? Racial harassment in North Staffordshire' (2005), Keele: Centre for Criminological Research, Keele University.

Gadotti, C.M. & Valente, V.L.C., 'Brazil: Hate and intolerance in times of pandemic in a mixed-race country' (2021), Journal of Analytical Psychology, 66(3), pp. 719-728
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Gagliardi, S., Valverde-Cano, A. & Rice, O., 'Barriers to the investigation of gender-based hate crimes in the United Kingdom and Ireland: An empirical study' (2022), UCD Sutherland School of Law, University of Nottingham Rights Lab & Universitas 21 (March 2022 policy report)
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Gale, L.R., Carrington Heath, W. & Ressler, R.W., 'An economic analysis of hate crime' (2002), Eastern Economic Journal, 28(2), pp.203-216
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Galinari, M.M., 'Identifying “Hate Speech”: A Rhetorical Discourse Approach | [Identificando os “Discursos de Ódio”: Um Olhar Retórico-Discursivo]' (2020), Revista de Estudos da Linguagem, 28(4), pp. 1697-1746
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Gallardo-Nieto, E.M., Espinosa-Spínola, M., Ríos-González, O. & García-Yeste, C., 'Transphobic violence in educational centers: Risk factors and consequences in the victims’ wellbeing and health' (2021), Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(4), 1638, pp. 1-15
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Gallardo-Nieto, E.M., Gómez, A., Gairal-Casadó, R. & del Mar Ramis-Salas, M., 'Sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression-based violence in Catalan universities: Qualitative findings from university students and staff' (2021), Archives of Public Health, 79(1)
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Galop, 'The low down: Black lesbians, gay men and bisexual people talk about their experiences and needs' (2001)
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Galop, 'Telling it like it is: Lesbian, gay and bisexual youth speak out on homophobic violence' (1998)
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Galyashina, E.I. & Nikishin, V.D., 'The concept of hate speech as a threat to the information security of internet communication | [Язык вражды как угроза информационной безопасности интернет-коммуникации]' (2021), Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta. Pravo, 12(3), pp. 555-573
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Gambino, G. & Pirrone, R., 'CHILab @ HaSpeeDe 2: Enhancing hate speech detection with part-of-speech tagging' (2020), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2765
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Gamblin, B.W., Kehn, A., Vanderzanden, K., Ruthig, J.C., Jones, K.M. & Long, B.L., 'A comparison of juror decision making in race-based and sexual orientation-based hate crime cases' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Gambrell, K., Martin, A. & Mungaray, K. R., 'Following the 2016 Presidential Election: Positive and Negative Mood Affect and the Impetus Towards Activism' (2019), Journal of Hate Studies, 14(1), pp. 153-172
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Gámez-Guadix, M., Wachs, S. & Wright, M., '“Haters Back Off!” Psychometric Properties of the Coping With Cyberhate Questionnaire and Relationship With Well-Being in Spanish Adolescents | [Propiedades Psicométricas del Cuestionario de Afrontamiento del Ciberodio y su Relación con el Bienestar en Adolescentes Españoles]' (2020), Psicothema, 32(4), pp. 567-574
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Gan, L., Williams, R.C. & Wiseman, T., 'A simple model of optimal hate crime legislation' (2011), Economic Inquiry, 49(3)
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Ganfure, G.O., 'Comparative analysis of deep learning based Afaan Oromo hate speech detection' (2022), Journal of Big Data, 9(1), 76
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Gangurde, A., Mankar, P., Chaudhari, D. & Pawar, A., 'A Systematic Bibliometric Analysis of Hate Speech Detection on Social Media Sites' (2022), Journal of Scientometric Research, 11(1), pp. 100-111
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Garbe, L., Selvik, L.-M. & Lemaire, P., 'How African countries respond to fake news and hate speech' (2021), Information Communication and Society [online]
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Garces, L.M., Ambriz, E., Johnson, B.D. & Bradley, D., 'Hate Speech on Campus: How Student Leaders of Color Respond' (2022), Review of Higher Education, 45(3), pp. 275-306
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Garces, L.M., Johnson, B.D., Ambriz, E. & Bradley, D., 'Repressive Legalism: How Postsecondary Administrators’ Responses to On-Campus Hate Speech Undermine a Focus on Inclusion' (2021), American Educational Research Journal [online]
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García-Díaz, J.A., Jiménez-Zafra, S.M., García-Cumbreras, M.A. & Valencia-García, R., 'Evaluating feature combination strategies for hate-speech detection in Spanish using linguistic features and transformers' (2022), Complex and Intelligent Systems [online]
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Gardiner, S.L., 'White nationalism revisited: Demographic dystopia and white identity politics' (2005), Journal of Hate Studies, 4(1), pp. 59-87
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Gardiner, S., 'Disciplinary provisions for hate speech in football: Comparative perspectives' (2015), Sport in Society, 18(5), pp.552-564
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Gardiner, S. & Jones, V., 'Racism as hate speech' (1996), Criminal Justice Matters, 23(1), pp.23-25
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Gardner, M., 'Racism out: Racial vilification law and the Anti-Discrimination Board' (1995), Aboriginal Law Bulletin, 74(3), pp.9-10

Gardner, P.L., 'Anti-Jewish harassment in Australia' (1992), Bird, G. (ed.) (1992) Racial Harassment. National Centre for Crosscultural Studies in Law, Monash University

Garibay, J.C., Herrera, F.A., Johnston-Guerrero, M.P. & Garcia, G.A., 'Campus Racial Incidents, Hate Crimes, and White Male and Female Students’ Racial Attitudes' (2019), Journal of Higher Education [online]
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Garkawe, S., 'International Human Rights and the law regarding sexual orientation: Two book reviews and more' (1997), Australasian Gay and Lesbian Law Journal, 7, pp.69-92
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Garland, J., 'Reshaping hate crime policy and practice: Lessons from a grassroots campaign' (2014), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (2014) Responding to hate crime: the case for connecting policy and research. Bristol: Policy Press.

Garland, J., 'The victimisation of goths and the boundaries of hate crime' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Garland, J., 'Difficulties in defining hate crime victimization' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(1), pp.25-37
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Garland, Jon, 'Together They Weren’t Stronger Charting the Rise and Fall of the Democratic Football Lads’ Alliance' (2020)
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Garland, J., '‘It’s a Mosher just been banged for no reason’: Assessing targeted violence against Goths and the parameters of hate crime' (2010), International Review of Victimology, 17(2), pp.159-177
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Garland J., Spalek, B. & Chakraborti, N., 'Out of sight, out of mind? Towards developing an understanding of the needs of ‘hidden’ minority ethnic communities' (2004), Criminal Justice Matters, 57(Autumn), pp.34-35

Garland J., Spalek, B. & Chakraborti, N., 'Hearing lost voices: Issues in researching ‘’hidden’’ minority ethnic communities' (2006), British Journal of Criminology, 46(3), pp.423-437
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Responding to hate crime: The case for connecting policy and research' (2014), Bristol: Policy Press.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., '‘Race’, space and place examining identity and cultures of exclusion in rural England' (2006), Ethnicities, 6(2), pp.159-177
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Recognising and responding to victims of rural racism' (2006), International Review of Victimology, 13(1), pp.49-69
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Identity, ‘Otherness’ and the impact of racist victimisation in the English countryside' (2009), in Iganski, P. (ed.) The Consequences of Hate Crime. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., '‘Protean times?’ Exploring the relationships between policing, community and ‘race’ in rural England' (2007), Criminology and Criminal Justice, 7(4), pp.347-365
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Rural racism' (2004), Cullompton: Willan Publishing.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Racist victimisation, community safety and the rural: Issues and challenges' (2004), British Journal of Community Justice, 2(3), pp.21-32
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Another country? Community, belonging and exclusion in rural England' (2004), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (eds.) Rural Racism. Cullompton: Willan.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Under-researched and overlooked: An exploration of the attitudes of rural minority ethnic communities towards crime, community safety and the criminal justice system' (2003), Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29(3), pp.563-572
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Countryside alliance? An assessment of multi-agency responses to racism in rural Suffolk' (2003), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, 5(2), pp.61-67

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Tackling the invisible problem? An examination of the provision of services to victims of racial harassment in rural Suffolk' (2002), Leicester: Scarman Centre, University of Leicester.

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