Publications: Cyber hate (online hate crime)

A

Alhaboby, Z., Barnes, J., Evans, H. & Short, E. , 'Challenges facing online research: Experiences from research concerning cyber-victimisation of people with disabilities' (2017), Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(1), pp.1-16
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Alsaad, A., Taamneh, A. & Al-Jedaiah, M.N., 'Does social media increase racist behavior? An examination of confirmation bias theory' (2018), Technology in Society [online]
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Aslan, A., 'Online hate discourse: A study on hatred speech directed against Syrian refugees on YouTube' (2017), Journal of Media Critiques, 3(12), pp.227-256
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Assimakopoulos, S. & Muskat, R.V., 'Xenophobic and homophobic attitudes in online news portal comments in Malta' (2018), Xjenza Online, 6, pp.25-40
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Assimakopoulos, S., Baider, F.H. & Millar, S., 'Online hate speech in the European Union: A discourse-analytic perspective' (2017), Cham, Switzerland: Springer
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Awan, I., 'Islamophobia and twitter: A typology of online hate against muslims on social media' (2014), Policy and Internet, 6(2), pp.133-150
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Awan, I. & Zempi, I., 'The affinity between online and offline anti-Muslim hate crime: Dynamics and impacts' (2016), Aggression and Violent Behavior, 27, pp.1-8
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B

Baider, F., '‘Go to hell fucking faggots, may you die!’ framing the LGBT subject in online comments' (2018), Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14(1), pp.69–92
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Bakalis, C., 'Rethinking cyberhate laws' (2017), Information and Communications Technology Law [online], pp. 1-25
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Bakalis, C. & Lloyd, C., 'Dangerous speech and images: Regulating the internet' (2018), Information & Communications Technology Law, 27(1), pp.1-3
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Barker, K. & Jurasz, O., 'Online misogyny as hate crime: A challenge for legal regulation?' (2018), Routledge
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Bartlett, J. & Krasodomski-Jones, A., 'Counter-speech examining content that challenges extremism online' (2015), DEMOS
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Berecz, T. & Devinat, C., 'The state of cyberhate' (2018), INACH
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Berecz, T. & Devinat, C., 'Quarterly Report on Cyber Hate (July-September 2017)' (2017), INACH
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Bhatnagar, P., 'Countering online hate speech' (2018), Global Media Review, 1(3), pp.1-10
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Blaya, C., 'Cyberhate: A review and content analysis of intervention strategies' (2018), Aggression and Violent Behavior [online], pp. 1-10
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Bocij, P. & McFarlane, L., 'Cyberstalking: The technology of hate' (2003), Police Journal, 76(3), pp.204-221
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Bortone, R. & Pistecchia, A., 'Online hate speech, marginalized groups and minorities: Considerations about types of discrimination in the age of social networks and media' (2018), Dynamics and Policies of Prejudice from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Century
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Brennan, F., 'Legislating against internet race hate' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.123-153
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Brennan, F., 'www.hatecrime.co Laws uncritical engagement' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.75-78
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Brindle, A., 'The object of subordination is immaterial: Discursive constructions of masculinity in a far-right online forum' (2017), in Baker P. & Balirano G. (Eds.), Queering masculinities in language and culture, Palgrave Studies in Language, Gender and Sexuality (pp.251-275) . Palgrave Macmillan, London
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Burch, L., '‘You are a parasite on the productive classes’: Online disablist hate speech in austere times' (2017), Disability & Society [online], pp.1-24
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Hate Speech, machine classification and statistical modelling of information flows on Twitter: Interpretation and communication for policy decision making' (2014), The Internet, Policy & Politics Conferences.
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Us and them: Identifying cyber hate on Twitter across multiple protected characteristics' (2016), EPJ Data Science, 5(1)
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C

Celik, S., 'Experiences of internet users regarding cyberhate' (2019), Information Technology and People [online]
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Chaudhry, I. and Gruzd, A. , 'Expressing and Challenging Racist Discourse on Facebook: How Social Media Weaken the “Spiral of Silence” Theory' (2019), Policy & Internet [online]
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Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights, 'Hate is hate – Even when it’s online: A short guide to dealing with online hate speech' (2017)
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Coester, M., 'The Concept of Prejudice Crime' (2018), Knowledge Creates Democracy - Open Access Series of the IDZ
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Taking North American White Supremacist groups seriously: The scope and the challenge of hate speech on the internet' (2018), International Journal For Crime, Justice And Social Democracy, 7(2), pp.38-57
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Social responsibility on the Internet: Addressing the challenge of cyberbullying' (2018), Aggression and Violent Behavior, 39, pp.42-52
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Cohen-Almagor, R, 'Facebook and Holocaust denial' (2016), 57, pp.10-16
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Jihad online: How do terrorists use the internet?' (2016), in Francisco Campos Freire, Xosé Rúas Araújo, Valentín Alejandro Martínez Fernández, and Xosé López García (eds.), Media and Metamedia Management, pp.55-66
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Community Security Trust, 'Antisemitic content on Twitter' (2018)
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Cripps, J. & Stermac, L., 'Cyber-sexual violence and negative emotional states among women in a Canadian University' (2018), International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 12(1), pp.171-186
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D

Dominitz, J. & Knowles, J., 'Crime minimisation and racial bias: What can we learn from police search data?' (2006), The Economic Journal, 116(515), pp.F368-F384
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E

Enarsson, T. & Naarttijarvi, M., 'Is it all part of the game? Victim differentiation and the normative protection of victims of online antagonism under the European Convention on Human Rights (Article)' (2016), International Review of Victimology, 22(2), pp.123-138
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Evolvi, G., 'Hate in a Tweet: Exploring internet-based Islamophobic discourses' (2018), Religions, 9(307)
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Evolvi, G., '#Islamexit: inter-group antagonism on Twitter' (2019), Information, Communication & Society, 22:3, pp.386-401
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F

Frenda, S., Ghanem, B., Montes-Y-Gómez, M. & Rosso, P., '‘Online hate speech against women: Automatic identification of misogyny and sexism on Twitter’' (2019), Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems, 36(5), pp. 4743-4752
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G

Gelber, K., , '‘Terrorist-Extremist Speech and Hate Speech: Understanding the Similarities and Differences’' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Gilden, A., 'Cyberbullying and the innocence narrative' (2013), Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review. 48(2), pp.357-407
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Global Forum for Combating Antisemitism, 'Measuring the hate: The state of Antisemitism in social media' (2016)
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Grassie, G., 'Control of content on social media – Technology as judge, jury and executioner?' (2017), Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 12(7), pp.533-534
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Guichard, A., 'Hate crime in cyberspace: The challenges of substantive criminal law' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.201-234
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H

Hardaker, C. & McGlashan, M., '“Real men don’t hate women”: Twitter rape threats and group identity' (2015), Journal of Pragmatics, 91, pp.80-93
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Harindranath, R., 'Malign images, malevolent networks: Social media, extremist violence and public anxieties' (2017), in E. Martellozzo & E.A. Jane (Eds.), Cybercrime and its victims (Chapter 8). Oxon, New York: Routledge
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Harris, C., Rowbotham, J. & Stevenson, K., 'Truth, law and hate in the virtual marketplace of ideas: perspectives on the regulation of Internet content' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.155-184
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Hatakka, N., 'Expose, debunk, ridicule, resist! Networked civic monitoring of populist radical right online action in Finland' (2019), Information, Communication & Society [online]
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Henry, J.S., 'Beyond free speech: Novel approaches to hate on the Internet in the United States' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.235-251
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Henry, J.S., 'Bias-based cyberbullying: The next hate crime frontier?' (2013), Criminal Law Bulletin-Boston, 49, pp.481-503
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