Publications: P

Paasch-Colberg, S., Strippel, C., Trebbe, J. & Emmer, M., 'From insult to hate speech: Mapping offensive language in German user comments on immigration' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 171-180
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, 'Online hate speech: A survey on personal experiences and exposure among adult New Zealanders' (2018), Available at SSRN
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, N., 'Measuring Trends in Online Hate Speech Victimisation and Exposure, and Attitudes in New Zealand' (2019), Netsafe, New Zealand [online]
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Page, S., '‘People Get Killed Cause of There [Their] Skin. It Cannot Be Stopped’: A Midlands Case Study Considering Experiences of Racism Amongst Pupils in UK Secondary Schools and the Community' (2020), British Journal of Community Justice, 16(1), pp. 64-81
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Palakodety, S., Khudabukhsh, A.R. & Carbonell, J.G., 'The Refugee Experience Online: Surfacing Positivity Amidst Hate' (2020), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, 325, pp. 2925-2926
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Pamungkas, E.W., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'Misogyny Detection in Twitter: A Multilingual and Cross-Domain Study' (2020), Information Processing and Management, 102360 [online]
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2020), Nationalities Papers, pp. 1-19
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2021), Nationalities Papers, 49(2), pp. 221-239
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Pap, A.L., 'Harassment: A Silver Bullet to Tackle Institutional Discrimination, But No Panacea for all Forms of Dignity and Equality Harms' (2019), Intersections, 5(2) [online]
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Paradies, Y., 'A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health' (2006), International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(4), pp.888-901
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Park, S., 'Inventing aliens: Immigration control, ‘xenophobia’ and racism in Japan' (2017), Race & Class, 58(3), pp.64-80
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Park, S., Han, S., Kim, J., Molaie, M.M., Vu, H.D., Singh, K., Han, J., Lee, W. & Cha, M., 'COVID-19 Discourse on Twitter in Four Asian Countries: Case Study of Risk Communication' (2021), Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(3), e23272
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Parks, G.S. & Jones, S. E., '“Nigger”: A critical race realist analysis of the N-word within hate crimes law' (2008), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 98(4), pp.1305-1352
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Parolari, P. & Viggiani, G., 'Filling the gaps: Combating anti-LGBT hate crimes in Italy in the silence of law' (2018), in P. Godzisz & G. Viggiani (Eds.). Running through hurdles: Obstacles in the access to justice for victims of anti-LGBTI hate crimes (pp. 177-195). Warsaw: Lambda Warsaw Association.
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Parris, C.L. & Scheuerman, H.L., 'How social movements matter: Including sexual orientation in state-level hate crime legislation' (2015), Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, 38, pp.231-257
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Paschalides, D., Stephanidis, D., Andreou, A., Orphanou, K., Pallis, G., DIkaiakos, M.D. & Markatos, E., 'MANDOLA: A Big-Data Processing and Visualization Platform for Monitoring and Detecting Online Hate Speech' (2020), ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 20(2), 3371276
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Patel, I., 'Emergence of institutional Islamophobia: The case of the Charity Commission of England and Wales' (2017), ReOrient, 3(1), pp.23-49
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Patel, T., 'Racism' (2014), in Atkinson, R. (Ed.) Shades of Deviance: A Primer on Crime, Deviance and Social Harm. Routledge.

Paterson, J., Walters, M., Brown, R. & Fearn, H., 'The Sussex Hate Crime Project' (2018), Final Report, University of Sussex
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Paterson, J.L., Brown, R. & Walters, M.A., 'Understanding victim group responses to hate crime: Shared identities, perceived similarity and intergroup emotions' (2018), TPM - Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 25(2), pp.163-177
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Paterson, J.L., Brown, R. & Walters, M.A., 'Feeling for and as a group member: Understanding LGBT victimization via group‐based empathy and intergroup emotions' (2019), British Journal of Social Psychology 58, pp.211-224
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Pathak, M.K. & Rai, S., 'Mob Lynching: A New Form of Hate Crime' (2020), Medico-Legal Update, 20(3), pp. 135-141
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Paul, C. & Bora, P., 'Detecting Hate Speech Using Deep Learning Techniques' (2021), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 12(2), pp. 619-623
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Pavetich, M. & Stathi, S., 'Meta-Humanization Reduces Prejudice, Even Under High Intergroup Threat' (2020), Journal of Personality and Social Psychology [online]
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Pavlides, G., 'Expression and Its Limits: Hate Speech in Cyprus Public Television (CyBC). Interview Given by the Singer Notis Sfakianakis on the CyBC Programme ‘Tête-à-Tête’' (2019), Cyprus Review, 31(2), pp. 191-205
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Pawlikowski, J.T., 'Religion as hatred: Antisemitism as a case study' (2004), Journal of Hate Studies, 3(1), pp. 37-48
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Paz, M.A., Montero-Díaz, J. & Moreno-Delgado, A., 'Hate Speech: A Systematized Review' (2020), SAGE Open, 10(4)
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Pearson, H. & Magić, J., 'Scottish LGBTI hate crime report 2017' (2017), Equality Network
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Pedler, R., 'ANM deputy jailed over plot' (2007), The West Australian (Perth), 25 May 2007

Peebles-Wilkins, W., 'Affirm diversity: “Mix it up”' (2006), Children & Schools, 28(1), 3

Peery, D., Richeson, J.A. & Murphy, M.C., 'Does cognitive depletion shape bias detection for minority group members?' (2015), Social Cognition, 33(3), pp.241-254
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Pégorier, C., 'Speech and harm: Genocide denial, hate speech and freedom of expression' (2018), International Criminal Law Review, 18(1), pp.97-126
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Pejchal, V., 'Hate speech regulation in post-communist countries: Migrant crises in the Czech and Slovak Republics' (2018), International Journal For Crime, Justice And Social Democracy, 7(2), pp.58-74
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Pejchal, V., 'Hate Speech and Human Rights in Eastern Europe: Legislating for Divergent Values' (2020), London: Routledge
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Pejchal, V. & Brayson, K., 'How should we legislate against hate speech? Finding an international model in a globalized world' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.247-262), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Pena Munoz, J.J., '“There’s no racism in Canada, but…”. The Canadian experience and labor integration of the Mexican creative class in Toronto' (2016), Migraciones Internacionales, 8(3), pp.10-36

Pendo, E.A., 'Recognising violence against women: Gender and the Hate Crimes Statistics Act' (1994), Harvard Women's Law Journal, 17, pp.157

Penrice, K., Birch, P. & McAlpine, S., 'Exploring hate crime amongst a cohort of Scottish prisoners: an exploratory study' (2019), Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice
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Pepper, M.B., Leithauser, A., Loroz, P.S. & Steverson, B., 'Responding to Hate Speech on Social Media: A Class Leads a Student Movement' (2012), International Journal of Cyber Ethics in Education, 2(4), pp. 45-54
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Pereira, J.R.G., de Oliveira, R.M. & Coutinho, C.S., 'Hate Speech Regulation: Comparative Analysis in Global South Countries | [Regulação do Discurso de ódio: Análise Comparada em Países do Sul Global]' (2020), Brazilian Journal of International Law, 17(1), pp. 196-228
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Pereira-Kohatsu, J.C., Quijano-Sánchez, L., Liberatore, F. & Camacho-Collados, M., 'Detecting and Monitoring Hate Speech in Twitter' (2019), Sensors (Switzerland), 19(21)
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Pérez Portilla, K., 'Redressing everyday discrimination – The weakness and potential of anti-discrimination law' (2016), Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
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Perez Portilla, K., 'Challenging media (mis)representation: An exploration of available models' (2018), International Journal For Crime, Justice And Social Democracy, 7(2), pp.4-20
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Perkins, J.L., 'Religion and vilification' (2005), Autumn/Winter Dissent No. 17, 53

Perrone, P., 'Hate Crimes in Hawaii, 2015' (2016), Criminal Justice Data Brief, Department of the Attorney General
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Perry, B., 'Legislating hate in Ireland: The view from here' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.71-91). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Perry, J., 'Ireland in an international comparative context' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.93-107). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Perry, B., 'The more things change … Post-9/11 trends in hate crime scholarship' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Perry, J., 'A shared global perspective on hate crime?' (2016), Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27(6), pp.610-626
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Perry, B., 'Where do we go from here? Researching hate crime' (2003), Internet Journal of Criminology
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