Publications: L

Liu, J.L., Cheong, Y., Wang, C., Cheah, C.S.L., Ma, R. & Zhang, X., 'The Voices of Chinese American Parents During COVID-19: Recommendations for Addressing Anti-Asian Racism and Supporting Adolescents in School' (2023), Asian American Journal of Psychology [online]
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Liu, L., '“Virtual Ethnic Town Hall”: WeChat and Suburban Chinese Migrants’ Multidirectional Activism' (2023), Journal of American Ethnic History, 42(3), pp. 5-39
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Liu, L., Xu, D., Zhao, P., Zeng, D.D., Hu, P.J.-H., Zhang, Q., Luo, Y. & Cao, Z., 'A cross-lingual transfer learning method for online COVID-19-related hate speech detection' (2023), Expert Systems with Applications, 234, 121031
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Liu, M., Anastasio, N., LeFreniere, H. & Perliger, A., 'Public Health Crisis and Hate Crimes: Deciphering the Proliferation of Anti-Asian Violence in the US before and during COVID-19' (2023), Perspectives on Terrorism, 17(2), pp. 30–59
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Liu, T., Xu, M. & Chen, X., 'Social media, gendered anxiety and disease-related misinformation: discourses in contemporary China’s online anti-African sentiments' (2021), Asian Journal of Communication, 31(6), pp. 485-501
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Liu, Z., Luo, C. & Lu, J., 'Hate speech in the Internet context: Unpacking the roles of Internet penetration, online legal regulation, and online opinion polarization from a transnational perspective' (2023), Information Development [online]
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Liyanage, O. & Jayakumar, K., 'Hate Speech Detection in Sinhala-English Code-Mixed Language' (2021), 21st International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions, ICter 2021 – Proceedings, pp. 225-230
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Ljubešić, N., Mozetič, I. & Novak, P.K., 'Quantifying the impact of context on the quality of manual hate speech annotation' (2023), Natural Language Engineering, 29(6), pp. 1481–1494
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Llanera, T., 'Disavowing Hate: Group Egotism from Westboro To the Klan' (2019), Journal of Philosophical Research, 44, pp. 13-31
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Llanera, T., 'The Misogyny Paradox and the Alt-Right' (2023), Hypatia, 10(6)
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Llorente Villasante, Á., Orozco Gómez, M.L. & Sanz Leal, M., 'Culturally Responsive Education: Educational Analysis of the Third Space | LA EDUCACIÓN CULTURALMENTE RECEPTIVA: ANÁLISIS EDUCATIVO DEL TERCER ESPACIO' (2024), Teoria de la Educacion, 36(1), pp. 73–93
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Lo Cricchio, M.G., Stefanelli, F., Menesini, E. & Nocentini, A., 'Adolescents’ Ethnic Hate Speech Exposure and Ethnic Bullying Perpetration: The Moderating Role of Tolerance Towards Diversity and Gender' (2023), Cyberpsychology, 17(5), 4
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Lo, B., 'Anti-Asian Violence and Abolition Feminism as Asian American Feminist Praxis' (2023), Feminist Formations, 35(1), pp. 221–239
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Loadenthal, Michael, 'They Took This From You.' (2020)
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Lobo, P.R., 'Bias in Hate Speech and Toxicity Detection' (2022), AIES 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society, pp. 910
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Locatelli, D. & Locatelli, L., 'LCTs at HODI: Homotransphobic Speech Detection on Italian Tweets' (2023), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 3473
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Locatelli, D., Damo, G. & Nozza, D., 'A Cross-Lingual Study of Homotransphobia on Twitter' (2023), Cross-Cultural Considerations in NLP at EACL, C3NLP 2023 - Proceedings of the Workshop, pp. 16–24
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Lockwood, S. & Cuevas, C.A., 'Hate Crimes and Race-Based Trauma on Latinx Populations: A Critical Review of the Current Research' (2020), Trauma, Violence, and Abuse [online]
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Lockwood, S., Farrell, A., Cuevas, C.A. & Robles, J., 'Bias Crime and Victimization Among Latinx Adults: Formal and Informal Help Seeking' (2022), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Lockyer, B., 'Reporting hate crimes – The California Attorney General’s civil rights commission on hate crimes' (2001), (Final Report), State of California Department of Justice - Office of the Attorney General
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Loewen Walker, R., 'Call it misogyny' (2022), Feminist Theory [online]
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Logan, M.H., 'Hate crime perpetrators: The psychopath and the perseverator' (2018), Violence and Gender [online]
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Logvinov, M., 'Rechtsextreme Gewalt: Erklärungsansätze – Befunde – Kritik' (2017), Wiesbaden: Springer VS
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Lohitha, B., Mogana, V. & Amarnath, J.J., 'A Comparison of Different Models for the Detection of Hate Speech' (2022), 2022 1st International Conference on Computational Science and Technology, ICCST 2022 – Proceedings, pp. 492-496
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Lombardi, E. & Sahni, H., 'The Impact of Anti-discrimination Legislation on Transgender People within the USA' (2023), Sexuality Research and Social Policy [online]
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Lombardi, E., Wilchins, R.A., Priesing, D. & Malouf, D., 'Gender violence: Transgender experiences with violence and discrimination' (2002), Journal of Homosexuality, 42(1), pp.89-101
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Lopes-Silva, L.R., Botelho-Francisco, R.E., da Conceição Moreira, P.S. & Guimarães, A.J., '“Thou Shalt Not Take the Lord’s Name in Vain”: A Methodological Proposal to Identify Religious Hate Content on Digital Social Networks' (2022), International Journal of Communication, 16, 22
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Lopes-Silva, L.R., Botelho-Francisco, R.E., Da Conceição Moreira, P.S. & Guimarães, A.J.R., '“Thou Shalt Not Take the Lord’s Name in Vain”: A Methodological Proposal to Identify Religious Hate Content on Digital Social Networks' (2022), International Journal of Communication, 16, pp. 2198–2219
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López Hernández, G., '“We Understand You Hate Us”: Latinx Immigrant-Origin Adolescents’ Coping with Social Exclusion' (2022), Journal of Research on Adolescence [online]
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López Romo, R. & Fernández Soldevilla, G., 'From ethnic exclusion to terrorism? The case of radical Basque nationalism' (2018), Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 24(3), pp. 443-459
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Lopez Valle, V.C.L., Antik, A. & Cavalcante De Lima, E.M.C., 'Facing fake news and hate speech: a new regulatory model for social media | O enfrentamento da desinformação e do discurso de ódio: um novo modelo regulatório para as redes sociais' (2023), Revista Eurolatinoamericana de Derecho Administrativo, 10(1), e239
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Lopez, J.J., Jang, W., Prew, P.A., Lepe, L. & Mataitis, R., 'The Geography of Hate: Spatial Patterns of Bias-Motivated Crimes in Minnesota, 2015–18' (2021), American Journal of Criminal Justice [online
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Lopez, R.M. & Calvo, S.M., 'Network communication and hate speech in the Spanish context | [COMUNICACIÓN EN REDES Y DISCURSOS DE ODIO EN EL CONTEXTO ESPAÑOL]' (2022), VISUAL Review. International Visual Culture Review / Revista Internacional de Cultura, 9(Monographic)
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López, R.M. & López, C.A., 'Social networks, monitoring equipment, and mobile apps to combat hate speech and hate crimes in Europe | [Redes, equipos de monitoreo y aplicaciones móvil para combatir los discursos y delitos de odio en Europa]' (2022), Revista Latina de Comunicacion Social, 2022(80), pp. 347-353
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López-Cepeda, I., Mañas-Viniegra, L. & Vivar-Zurita, H., 'Fundamental Rights of People With Disabilities Reflected in the Social Discourse of the Main Disability Organisations in Spain' (2021), Janus.net, 2021, pp. 93-111
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López-Gutiérrez, Á., 'Non-verbal communication in hate and sexist speeches: Hate and sexist discourses without words' (2022), VISUAL Review. International Visual Culture Review / Revista Internacional de Cultura, 9
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Lopez-Sanchez, M. & Müller, A., 'On simulating the propagation and countermeasures of hate speech in social networks' (2021), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(24), 12003
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Lord Bracadale, 'Independent review of hate crime legislation in Scotland: Final report' (2018), Edinburgh, Scotland: The Scottish Government
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Loroz, P.S. & Loroz, Pepper, M.B., 'Hate Studies in Business: A Course on Recognizing and Combating the Ways Business Organizations Exert Violence on Individuals, Families, and Society' (2012), In C. Wankel, A. S. Stanchowicz- Stanusch (Eds), Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education (pp. 253-273). Hershey, PA: IGI Global
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Losada-Díaz, J.-C., Zamora-Medina, R. & Martínez-Martínez, H., 'Hate speech on Instagram during 2019 General Election in Spain | [El discurso del odio en Instagram durante las Elecciones Generales 2019 en España]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 12(2), pp. 195-208
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Lotter, M.-S., 'Should “vulnerable groups” be protected from criticism? On the Functions of Free Speech for Liberal Democracy and the Ideology of Vulnerability | [Sind „vulnerable Gruppen“vor Kritik zu schützen? Die Funktionen der Redefreiheit für die liberale Demokratie und die Ideologisierung der Vulnerabilität]' (2023), Zeitschrift fur Praktische Philosophie, 9(2), pp. 375-398
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Loutzenheiser, L.W., '‘Who are you calling a problem?’: Addressing transphobia and homophobia through school policy' (2015), Critical Studies in Education, 56(1), pp.99-115
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Lovett, S., 'Disgust and the Limits of Reason: Countering the Fear of Contamination and Resistance to Education in a Post-modern Climate' (2023), in Z. Gross (Ed.) Reimagining the Landscape of Religious Education: Challenges and Opportunities (pp. 181–192), Cham: Springer
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Lowe, D., 'Far-Right Extremism: Is it Legitimate Freedom of Expression, Hate Crime, or Terrorism?' (2020), Terrorism and Political Violence, pp. 1-21
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Lowe, D., 'Terrorism, Law and Policy: A Comparative Study (Second Edition)' (2022), London: Routledge
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Lowe, D., 'Hate Crime in Northern Ireland: The Need for Legislation and a Bespoke Version of the Prevent Strategy' (2023), Terrorism and Political Violence [online]
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Löwstedt, A. & Hatarova, N., 'Transcultural and Transnational Communication Principles? Suggestions for Minimum and Maximum Values as a Common Ground' (2024), Journal of Media Ethics: Exploring Questions of Media Morality [online]
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Löwstedt, A. & Kapidžić, A., 'Communication in Dignity Since Early Antiquity: From Ptahhotep to Current Ethics and International Law' (2023), Journal of Intercultural Communication Research [online]
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Lozano, Á.A., 'Criminal law backed by the European Union for ending hate speech and discrimination | El Derecho penal auspiciado por la Unión Europea para frenar los discursos de odio y la discriminación' (2023), Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica, (37)
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Lozano-Verduzco,, I., Fernández-Niño, J.A. & Baruch-Domínguez, R., 'Association between internalized homophobia and mental health indicators in LGBT individuals in Mexico City' (2017), Salud Mental, 40(5), pp. 219-225
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