Publications: L

Li, Y., Jiang, B., Shu, K. & Liu, H., 'Toward A Multilingual and Multimodal Data Repository for COVID-19 Disinformation' (2020), Proceedings - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2020, 9378472, pp. 4325-4330
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Liebe, U., Hundeshagen, C., Beyer, H. & Cramon-Taubadel, S.V., 'Context effects and the temporal stability of stated preferences' (2016), Social Science Research, 60, pp.135-147
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Lieberman, M., 'Hate crime laws: Punishment to fit the crime: A response to Jesse Larner' (2010), Dissent, 57(3), pp.81-84
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Lieberman, J.D., Arndt, J., Personius, J. & Cook, A., 'Vicarious annihilation: The effect of mortality salience on perceptions of hate crimes' (2001), Law and Human Behaviour, 25(6), pp.547-566
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Liern, G.R., 'Glorification of terrorism: From the De Juana Chaos case to César Strawberry: From reception of the constitutional doctrine in the Supreme Court’s case law | [El enaltecimiento del terrorismo: Desde el caso de Juana Chaos a CÉsar Strawberry. La recepción de la doctrina constitucional en la jurisprudencia del tribunal supremo]' (2020), Revista de Derecho Politico, (109), pp. 191-227
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Liern, G.R., 'Social Networks and Hate Speech: An International Perspective | [Redes Sociales y Discurso del Odio: Perspectiva Internacional]' (2020), Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica, (31)
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Light, M. & Iceland, J., 'The social context of racial boundary negotiations: Segregation, hate crime, and Hispanic racial identification in Metropolitan America' (2016), Sociological Science, 3, pp.61-84
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Likupe, G., 'Experiences of African nurses and the perception of their managers in the NHS' (2015), Journal of Nursing Management, 23(2), pp.231-241
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Lilienthal, G. & Ahmad, N., 'Hate crime and social media in the UK' (2016), Computer and Telecommunications Law Review, 22(7), pp.188-193

Lim, S.S., 'Manufacturing Hate 4.0: Can Media Studies Rise to the Challenge?' (2020), Television and New Media, 21(6), pp. 602-607
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Lincoln, R., 'Book reviews (Faces of hate: Hate crime in Australia by Cunneen, C. et al.)' (1999), Journal of Sociology, 35(1), pp.100-102
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Lindsay, T. & Danner, S., 'Accepting the unacceptable: The concept of acceptance in work with the perpetrators of hate crime' (2008), European Journal of Social Work, 11(1), pp.43-56
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Lingiardi, V., Carone, N., Semeraro, G., Musto, C., D'Amico, M. & Brena, S., 'Mapping Twitter hate speech towards social and sexual minorities: a lexicon-based approach to semantic content analysis' (2019), Behaviour and Information Technology [online]
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Lister, S. & Wall, D., 'The realities of elder abuse' (2006), in Wahidin, A. & Cain, M. (eds.) Ageing, Crime and Society, Devon: Willan Publishing.

Llanera, T., 'Disavowing Hate: Group Egotism from Westboro To the Klan' (2019), Journal of Philosophical Research, 44, pp. 13-31
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Loadenthal, Michael, 'They Took This From You.' (2020)
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Lockwood, S. & Cuevas, C.A., 'Hate Crimes and Race-Based Trauma on Latinx Populations: A Critical Review of the Current Research' (2020), Trauma, Violence, and Abuse [online]
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Lockyer, B., 'Reporting hate crimes – The California Attorney General’s civil rights commission on hate crimes' (2001), (Final Report), State of California Department of Justice - Office of the Attorney General
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Logan, M.H., 'Hate crime perpetrators: The psychopath and the perseverator' (2018), Violence and Gender [online]
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Logvinov, M., 'Rechtsextreme Gewalt: Erklärungsansätze – Befunde – Kritik' (2017), Wiesbaden: Springer VS
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Lombardi, E., Wilchins, R.A., Priesing, D. & Malouf, D., 'Gender violence: Transgender experiences with violence and discrimination' (2002), Journal of Homosexuality, 42(1), pp.89-101
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López Romo, R. & Fernández Soldevilla, G., 'From ethnic exclusion to terrorism? The case of radical Basque nationalism' (2018), Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 24(3), pp. 443-459
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Lopez, J.J., Jang, W., Prew, P.A., Lepe, L. & Mataitis, R., 'The Geography of Hate: Spatial Patterns of Bias-Motivated Crimes in Minnesota, 2015–18' (2021), American Journal of Criminal Justice [online
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Lord Bracadale, 'Independent review of hate crime legislation in Scotland: Final report' (2018), Edinburgh, Scotland: The Scottish Government
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Loroz, P.S. & Loroz, Pepper, M.B., 'Hate Studies in Business: A Course on Recognizing and Combating the Ways Business Organizations Exert Violence on Individuals, Families, and Society' (2012), In C. Wankel, A. S. Stanchowicz- Stanusch (Eds), Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education (pp. 253-273). Hershey, PA: IGI Global
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Losada-Díaz, J.-C., Zamora-Medina, R. & Martínez-Martínez, H., 'Hate speech on Instagram during 2019 General Election in Spain | [El discurso del odio en Instagram durante las Elecciones Generales 2019 en España]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 12(2), pp. 195-208
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Loutzenheiser, L.W., '‘Who are you calling a problem?’: Addressing transphobia and homophobia through school policy' (2015), Critical Studies in Education, 56(1), pp.99-115
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Lowe, D., 'Far-Right Extremism: Is it Legitimate Freedom of Expression, Hate Crime, or Terrorism?' (2020), Terrorism and Political Violence, pp. 1-21
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Lozano-Verduzco,, I., Fernández-Niño, J.A. & Baruch-Domínguez, R., 'Association between internalized homophobia and mental health indicators in LGBT individuals in Mexico City' (2017), Salud Mental, 40(5), pp. 219-225
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Lucassen, L. & Stremmelaar, A., 'Antisemitism and Immigration in Western Europe Today: is there a connection? The case of the Netherlands' (2018), Foundation Remembrance, Responsibility and Future (EVZ), Berlin & Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, University of London
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Lucini, B., 'The other side of resilience to terrorism: A portrait of a resilient-healthy city' (2017), Springer International Publishing
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Lühr, M., Streib, H. & Klein, C., 'Inter-religious prejudice in context: Prejudice against black persons, homosexuals and women, and the role of the violence legitimizing norms of masculinity' (2018), in H. Streib & C. Klein (Eds.), Xenosophia and religion. Biographical and statistical paths for a culture of welcome (pp.203-229). Springer, Cham.
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Lumeng, J.C., Forrest, P., Appugliese, D.P., Kaciroti, N. Corwyn, R.F. & Bradley, R.H., 'Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades' (2010), Pediatrics, 125(6), pp.e1301-1307
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Lumsden, K. & Morgan, H.M., 'Cyber-trolling as symbolic violence: Deconstructing gendered abuse online' (2018), In N. Lombard (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of gender and violence (pp.121-132). London: Routledge

Lumsden, K., Goode, J. & Black, A., '‘I will not be thrown out of the country because I’m an immigrant’: Eastern European migrants’ responses to hate crime in a semi-rural context in the wake of Brexit' (2018), Sociological Research Online [online]
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Lunin, I.I., 'Striving for LGBTQ rights in Russian psychology and society: A personal narrative' (2017), Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 10(2), pp.35-41
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Lunny, A.M., 'Hate speech, media, and Canadian federal law' (2021), in M. Deflem & D.M.D. Silva (Eds), Media and Law: Between Free Speech and Censorship (Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance, Vol. 26) (pp. 133-149), Bingley: Emerald Publishing Ltd.
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Luqiu, L.R. & Yang, F., 'Islamophobia in China: News coverage, stereotypes, and Chinese Muslims’ perceptions of themselves and Islam' (2018), Asian Journal of Communication [online]
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Luttrell, R., Xiao, L. & Glass, J. (Eds.), 'Democracy in the Disinformation Age: Influence and Activism in American Politics' (2021), New York: Routledge
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Luu, S.T., Nguyen, H.P., Van Nguyen, K. & Luu-Thuy Nguyen, N., 'Comparison Between Traditional Machine Learning Models and Neural Network Models for Vietnamese Hate Speech Detection' (2020), Proceedings - 2020 RIVF International Conference on Computing and Communication Technologies, RIVF 2020, 9140745
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Luu, S.T., Nguyen, K.V. & Nguyen, N.L.-T., 'A Large-Scale Dataset for Hate Speech Detection on Vietnamese Social Media Texts' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12798 LNAI, pp. 415-426
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Lyons, C.J., 'Individual perceptions and the social construction of hate crimes: A factorial survey' (2008), The Social Science Journal, 45(1), pp.107-131
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Lyons, C.J., 'Community (dis)organization and racially motivated crime' (2007), American Journal of Sociology, 113(3), pp.815-863
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Lyons, C.J., 'Defending turf: Racial demographics and hate crime against Blacks and Whites' (2008), Social Forces, 87(1), pp.357-385
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Lyons, C.J., 'Stigma or sympathy? Attributions of fault to hate crime victims and offenders' (2006), Social Psychology Quarterly, 69(1), pp.39-59
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Lyons, C.J. & Roberts, A., 'The difference “hate” makes in clearing crime: An event history analysis of incident factors' (2014), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(3), pp.268-289
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Løland, I., 'Between utopia and dystopia: Sectarianization through revolution and war in Syrian refugee narratives' (2019), Religions, 10(3) [online]
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