Publications: 2021

A

Atak, K., 'Racist Victimization, Legal Estrangement and Resentful Reliance on the Police in Sweden' (2021), Social and Legal Studies [online]
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Atari, M., Davani, A.M., Kogon, D., Kennedy, B., Ani Saxena, N., Anderson, I. & Dehghani, M., 'Morally Homogeneous Networks and Radicalism' (2021), Social Psychological and Personality Science [online]
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Atreya, A. & Nepal, S., 'Caste-Based Hate Crimes: Nepalese Conundrum' (2021), Contemporary Voice of Dalit [online]
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Attir, M.O., 'The role of armed conflict in developing a subculture of hate and its consequences: Empirical findings from Libya' (2021), Contemporary Arab Affairs, 14(2), pp. 62-76
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Awal, M.R., Cao, R., Lee, R.K.-W. & Mitrović, S., 'AngryBERT: Joint Learning Target and Emotion for Hate Speech Detection' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12712 LNAI, pp. 701-713
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Awane, W., Lahmar, E.H.B. & Falaki, A.E., 'Hate Speech in the Arab Electronic Press and Social Networks' (2021), Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle, 35(6), pp. 457-465
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Aydin, Z., Fuess, A., Sunier, T. & Vázquez, A.G., 'The web of hate: Fragmentation of media authority and its link to right-wing populism and cyber Islamophobia' (2021), Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, 37(3), pp. 231-243
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Ayo, F.E., Folorunso, O., Ibharalu, F.T., Osinuga, I.A. & Abayomi-Alli, A., 'A probabilistic clustering model for hate speech classification in Twitter' (2021), Expert Systems with Applications, 173, 114762
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Aytar, E. & Bodor, P., 'Coping strategies among an intersectional group: Muslim women in Hungary' (2021), Intersections East European Journal of Society and Politics, 7(4), pp. 52-69
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B

Badar, M.E. & Florijančič, P., 'Killing in the Name of Islam? Assessing the Tunisian Approach to Criminalising Takfir and Incitement to Religious Hatred against International and Regional Human Rights Instruments' (2021), Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 39(4), pp. 481-507
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Badour, J. & Brown, J.A., 'Hateful Memes Classification using Machine Learning' (2021), 2021 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2021 – Proceedings
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Bai, H. & Federico, C.M., 'White and minority demographic shifts, intergroup threat, and right-wing extremism' (2021), Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 94, 104114
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Bailurkar, R. & Raul, N., 'Detecting Bots to Distinguish Hate Speech on Social Media' (2021), 2021 12th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies, ICCCNT 2021
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Bajari, A., Koswara, I. & Erlandia, D.R., 'Hatenography: An Analysis of Hate Speech on Facebook in 2019 Indonesian Presidential Campaign' (2021), Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, 37(4), pp. 122-141
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Bajari, A., Koswara, I., Istiqomah, R.N. & Erlandia, D.R., 'Hatenography On Twitter During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia: Hate Speech Case Against Anies Baswedan' (2021), Review of International Geographical Education Online, 11(5), pp. 68-78
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Bakalis, C. & Hornle, J., 'The role of social media companies in the regulation of online hate speech' (2021), Studies in Law Politics and Society, 85, pp. 75-100
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Baldi, V. & Gala, A., 'Antibodies against the culture of mistrust: The return of science and prudence to the media agenda | [Anticorpos à cultura da desconfiança: O regresso da ciência e da prudência na agenda mediática]' (2021), Observatorio, Circum-navegando as repercussões socio-mediáticas do contexto pandémico, pp. 96-114
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Ballesteros, P.T., 'The hate speech of article 510.1.a) of the Spanish criminal code: Ideology as a trojan horse within suspect circunmstances of discrimination | [El discurso de odio del art. 510.1.a) del Código Penal español: La ideología como un Caballo de Troya entre las circunstancias sospechosas de discriminación]' (2021), Politica Criminal, 16(31), pp. 284-320
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Baptista, V.F., 'Femicide, Femicide and Hate on the agenda: The murder of women in Latin America | [Feminicídio, femicídio e ódio na agenda: O assassinato das mulheres na América Latina]' (2021), Brazilian Journal of International Law, 18(3), pp. 309-333
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Barker, K., 'The AVMSD as a harmonized approach to moderating hate speech?' (2021), Journal of Digital Media and Policy, 12(3), pp. 387-405
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Barkhashree & Dhaliwal, P., 'Comprehensive Exploration of Machine Learning based models in Digital Forensics – A plunge into Hate Speech Detection' (2021), Proceedings - 2021 3rd International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication Control and Networking, ICAC3N 2021, pp. 1933-1938
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Bashar, M.A., Nayak, R., Luong, K. & Balasubramaniam, T., 'Progressive domain adaptation for detecting hate speech on social media with small training set and its application to COVID-19 concerned posts' (2021), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 11(1), 69
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Bassioni, R. & Langrehr, K., 'Effects of Religious Discrimination and Fear for Safety on Life Satisfaction for Muslim Americans' (2021), Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 15(1)
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Basu, D., 'Majoritarian politics and hate crimes against religious minorities: Evidence from India, 2009–2018' (2021), World Development, 146, 105540
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Baugut, P., 'Advocating for Minority Inclusion: How German Journalists Conceive and Enact Their Roles When Reporting on Antisemitism' (2021), Journalism Studies [online]
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Baydogan, C. & Alatas, B., 'Metaheuristic Ant Lion and Moth Flame Optimization-Based Novel Approach for Automatic Detection of Hate Speech in Online Social Networks' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9505636, pp. 110047-110062
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Becker, A.B., 'Sacha Baron Cohen, Anti-Semitism, and Borat: Using Advocacy and Irony to Speak Out Against Hate' (2021), Society [online]
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Beddiar, D.R., Jahan, M.S. & Oussalah, M., 'Data expansion using back translation and paraphrasing for hate speech detection' (2021), Online Social Networks and Media, 24, 100153
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Beers, L.S., Szilagyi, M., Seigel, W.M., Davis, W.S., Fukuda, Y., Joseph, M., Wright, J.L., Goza, S.H. & Del Monte, M., 'Immunizing against hate: Overcoming Asian American and Pacific Islander racism' (2021), Pediatrics, 148(1), e2021051836
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Bell, J., 'Lack of punishment Doesn’t fit the crime: America’s tepid response to bias-motivated crime' (2021), Studies in Law Politics and Society, 85, pp. 29-48
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Benier, K., 'Understanding hate: Hate crime in Brisbane neighbourhoods' (2021), in R. Wickes & L. Mazerolle (Eds.) Handbook for Counselors Serving Students with Gifts and Talents: Development, Relationships, School Issues, and Counseling Needs/Interventions (pp. 47-62), London: Routledge
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Bernatzky, C., Costello, M. & Hawdon, J., 'Who Produces Online Hate?: An Examination of the Effects of Self-Control, Social Structure, & Social Learning' (2021), American Journal of Criminal Justice [online]
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Bhat, P., 'Platform Politics: The Emergence of Alternative Social Media in India' (2021), Asia Pacific Media Educator, 31(2), pp. 269-276
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Bhatnagar, V., Kumar, P., Moghili, S. & Bhattacharyya, P., 'Divide and Conquer: An Ensemble Approach for Hostile Post Detection in Hindi' (2021), Communications in Computer and Information Science, 1402 CCIS, pp. 244-255
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Bhimani, D., Bheda, R., Dharamshi, F., Nikumbh, D. & Abhyankar, P., 'Identification of Hate Speech using Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning' (2021), 2021 2nd Global Conference for Advancement in Technology, GCAT 2021
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Bijl, E. & van der Borgh, C., 'Securitization of Muslims in Myanmar’s Early Transition (2010–15)' (2021), Nationalism and Ethnic Politics [online]
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Bilewicz, M., Tempska, P., Leliwa, G., Dowgiałło, M., Tańska, M., Urbaniak, R. & Wroczyński, M., 'Artificial intelligence against hate: Intervention reducing verbal aggression in the social network environment' (2021), Aggressive Behavior [online]
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Bilius, M., Navickienė, A. & Velička, V., 'Hate Crimes: Evaluation of Lithuanian Courts’ Decisions in the Light of the Practice of the European Court of Human Rights' (2021), Baltic Journal of Law and Politics, 14(1), pp. 22-47
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Biradar, S., Saumya, S. & Chauhan, A., 'Hate or Non-hate: Translation based hate speech identification in Code-Mixed Hinglish data set' (2021), Proceedings - 2021 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2021, pp. 2470-2475
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Bischoff, P., 'Inside a Facebook bot farm that pumps out 200k+ political posts per month' (2021), Comparitech Blog (10 May 2021)
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Blanco-Herrero, D. & Sánchez-Holgado, P., 'Fake news and hate speech: Who is to blame?: Study of the perceptions of Spanish citizens about the actors responsible for the production and spread of fake news and hate speech' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 448-451
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Bodrunova, S.S., Litvinenko, A., Blekanov, I. & Nepiyushchikh, D., 'Constructive aggression? Multiple roles of aggressive content in political discourse on Russian YouTube' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 181-194
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Bohonos, J.W., 'Workplace hate speech and rendering Black and Native lives as if they do not matter: A nightmarish autoethnography' (2021), Organization [online]
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Boishakhi, F.T., Shill, P.C. & Alam, M.G.R., 'Multi-modal Hate Speech Detection using Machine Learning' (2021), Proceedings - 2021 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2021, pp. 4496-4499
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Botelho, A., Hale, S.A. & Vidgen, B., 'Deciphering Implicit Hate: Evaluating Automated Detection Algorithms for Multimodal Hate' (2021), Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL-IJCNLP 2021, pp. 1896-1907
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Bouazizi, M., Niida, N. & Ohtsuki, T., 'All-in-One Hate Speech Detectors May Not Be What You Want' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 3451498, pp. 165-170
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Brekke, T., 'Islamophobia and antisemitism are different in their potential for globalization' (2021), Journal of Religion and Violence, 9(1), pp. 80-100
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Brewer, J.P. & Johnson, J.T., 'For Indigenous youth: Towards caring and compassion, deconstructing the borderlands of reconciliation' (2021), in S. O’Lear (Ed.) A Research Agenda for Geographies of Slow Violence: Making Social and Environmental Injustice Visible (pp. 137-154), Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing
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Brooks, M.C., Ezzani, M.D., Sai, Y. & Sanjakdar, F., 'Racialization of Muslim students in Australia, Ireland, and the United States: cross-cultural perspectives' (2021), Race Ethnicity and Education [online]
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Bunde, E., 'AI-assisted and explainable hate speech detection for social media moderators – A design science approach' (2021), Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2020-January, pp. 1264-1273
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