Publications: Criminal justice responses to hate crime

B

Bryan, T., 'Hate crime, policing, and the deployment of racial and cultural diversity' (2020), Onati Socio-Legal Series, 10(6), pp. 1193-1213
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Bull Kovera, M., 'Implications of automatic and controlled processes in stereotyping for hate crime perpetration and litigation Margaret Bull Kovera' (2007), Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making, pp.227-246
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Bunar, N., 'Hate crimes against immigrants in Sweden and community responses' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.166-181
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Burney, E., 'Using the law on racially aggravated offences' (2003), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.28-36

Burney, E. & Rose, G., 'Racist offences – how is the law working?: The implementation of the legislation on racially aggravated offences in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998' (2002), Home Office Research Study 244. London: Home Office
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C

Campbell, R., 'Beyond hate: Policing sex work, protection and hate crime' (2017), in T. Sanders & M. Laing, Policing the sex industry: Protection, paternalism and politics. New York, NY: Routledge
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Card, C., 'Is penalty enhancement a sound idea?' (2001), Law and Philosophy, 20(2), pp.195-214
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Chakraborti, N., 'Crimes against the ‘Other’: Conceptual, operational and empirical challenges for hate studies' (2010), Journal of Hate Studies, 8(1), pp.9-28
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Chakraborti, N., 'A glass half full? Assessing progress in the policing of hate crime' (2009), Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 3(2), pp.1-8
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Chakraborti, N., 'Re-thinking hate crime: Fresh challenges for policy and practice' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1738-1754
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Chakraborti, N., 'Hate crime: Concepts, policy and future directions' (2010), Devon: Willan Publishing

Chapman, A., 'Sexuality and workplace oppression' (1995), Melbourne University Law Review, 20(2), pp.311-349
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Chapman, A., 'The messages of subordination contained in anti-discrimination statutes' (1997), in Mason, G. & Tomsen, S. (eds.) Homophobic Violence. Australia: Hawkins Press.

Chapman, A., 'Australian racial hatred law: Some comments on reasonableness and adjudicative method in complaints brought by Indigenous people' (2004), Monash University Law Review, 30(1), pp.27-48
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Chapman, A. & Kelly, K., 'Australian anti-vilification law: A discussion of the public/private divide and the work relations context' (2005), Sydney Law Review, 27(2), pp.203-236
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Chin, G.J., 'Race and the disappointing right to counsel' (2013), Yale Law Journal, 122(8), pp.2236-2259
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Cogan, J.C., 'Hate crime as a crime category worthy of policy attention' (2002), American Behavioral Scientist, 46(1), pp.173-185
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Coker, C.T., 'Hope-fulfilling or effectively chilling? Reconciling the Hate Crimes Prevention Act with the First Amendment' (2011), Vanderbilt Law Review, 64(1)
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College of Policing, 'Hate crime operational guide' (2014)
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Coussey, M., 'Legal responses to racially motivated hate crimes' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.32-33
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Craig, G., 'Invisibilizing ‘race’ in public policy' (2013), Critical Social Policy, 33(4), pp.712-720
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Cramer, R.J., Wakeman, E.E., Chandler, J.F., Mohr, J.J. & Griffin, M.P., 'Hate crimes on trial: Judgments about violent crime against gay men' (2013), Psychiatry Psychology and Law, 20(2), pp.202-215
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Criminal Justice Degree Hub, 'The alarming patterns of hate crime in America (infographic)' (2015)
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Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland, 'Hate crime: An inspection of the criminal justice system’s response to hate crime in Northern Ireland' (2017)
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Criminal Justice Joint Inspection, 'Facing up to offending: Use of restorative justice in the criminal justice system' (2012), London: CJJI
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Cronin, S., McDevitt, J., Farrell, A., & Nolan, J.J., 'Bias-crime reporting: Organizational responses to ambiguity, uncertainty, and infrequency in eight police departments' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.213-225,227-231
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Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), 'Hate crime report: 2014/2015 and 2015/16' (2016)
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Cunneen, C. & de Rome, L., 'The monitoring by police of racist violence in the community' (1995), in Egger, S.J. & Chappell, D. (eds.) Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives 2

Cviklova, L., 'Direct and indirect racial discrimination of Roma people in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and the Russian Federation' (2015), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(12), pp.2140-2155

D

Davis, E., 'Race hate crime and the criminal justice response' (2020), British Journal of Community Justice, 16(2-3), pp. 92-102
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Digranes, E., 'Disabled justice: A qualitative case study on barriers to registration of disability hate crime within the Norwegian criminal justice system' (2016)
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Disability Rights Commission, 'Hate crime against disabled people in Scotland: A survey report' (2004)
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Dittman, R., 'Policing hate crime from victim to challenger: A transgendered perspective' (2003), Probation Journal, 50(3), pp.282-288
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Dixon, L., 'Working with racially motivated offenders: Practice issues' (1999), Probation Journal, 46(3), pp.157-163
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Dixon, L., 'Tackling hate by driving diversity: A New Labour success story?' (2010), Probation Journal, 57(3), pp.314-321
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Dixon, L., 'Tackling racist offending: A generalised or targeted approach?' (2002), Probation Journal, 49(3), pp.205-216
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Dixon, L. & Court, D., 'Developing good practice with racially motivated offenders' (2003), Probation Journal, 50(2), pp.149-153
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Dixon, L. & Ray, L., 'Current issues and developments in race hate crime' (2007), Probation Journal, 54(2), pp.109-124
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Dominitz, J. & Knowles, J., 'Crime minimisation and racial bias: What can we learn from police search data?' (2006), The Economic Journal, 116(515), pp.F368-F384
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Duggan, M. & Heap, V., 'Administrating victimization: The politics of anti-social behaviour and hate crime policy' (2014), Palgrave Macmillan.
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Duggan, M. & Heap, V., 'Victims as vote-winners? The anti-social behaviour/hate crime nexus: Marian Duggan and Vicky Heap cast a critical eye over the policy connections' (2013), Criminal Justice Matters, 94(1), pp.24-25
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Dunbar, E. & Molina, A., 'Opposition to the legitimacy of hate crime laws: The role of argument acceptance, knowledge, individual differences, and peer influence' (2004), Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 4(1), pp.91-113
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E

Ellis, T. & Hall, N., 'Hate crime' (2010), in Brown, J. & Campbell, E. (eds.) (2010) Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology. Cambridge University Press.

Equality and Human Rights Commission, 'Hidden in plain sight: Inquiry into disability-related harassment' (2011)
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Erentzen, C. & Schuller, R., 'Exploring the dark figure of hate: Experiences with police bias and the under-reporting of hate crime' (2020), Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 62(2), pp. 64-97
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European Commission, 'Guidance Note on the practical application of the EU Framework Decision' (2018)
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on Austria (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on the Czech Republic (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on Estonia (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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Evans, R., 'Building trust' (2001), Police Review, 13, pp.20-21

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