Publications: Gender-based hate crime

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Purdue, S., 'Useful Victims: Symbolic Rage and Racist Violence on the Global Extreme-Right' (2021), Journal for Deradicalization, (27), pp. 34-70
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Regehr, K., 'In(Cel)Doctrination: How Technologically Facilitated Misogyny Moves Violence off Screens and on to Streets' (2020), New Media and Society [online]
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Remedios, J.D. & Snyder, S.H., 'How women of color detect and respond to multiple forms of prejudice' (2015), Sex Roles
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Richardson-Self, L., 'Cis-Hetero-Misogyny Online' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Rinaldi, C., 'Homophobic Conduct as Normative Masculinity Test: Victimization, Male Hierarchies, and Heterosexualizing Violence in Hate Crimes' (2022), in Management Association, Information Resources (Eds.) Research Anthology on Inclusivity and Equity for the LGBTQ+ Community (pp. 89-112), Hershey, PA: IGI Global
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Rocha, J., 'The homophobic sexual harassment claim and sexuality discrimination' (2015), Ratio Juris, 28(2), pp.204-215
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Rodriguez-Sanchez, F., Carrillo-de-Albornoz, J. & Plaza, L., 'Automatic classification of sexism in social networks: an empirical study on Twitter data' (2020), IEEE Access [online]
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Roehling, M.V., Roehling, P.V. & Pichler, S., 'The relationship between body weight and perceived weight-related employment discrimination: The role of sex and race' (2007), Journal of Vocational Behavior, 71(2), pp.300-318
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Rothschild, E., 'Recognizing another face of hate crimes: Rape as a gender-bias crime' (1993), Maryland Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues, 4, pp.231-286

Rowe, M., Lewis, R. & Wiper, C., 'Misogyny online: Extending the boundaries of hate crime' (2018), Journal of Gender-Based Violence [online]
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Ryan, E. & Leeson, T., 'Hate groups and hate crime' (2011), International Review of Law & Economics, 31(4), pp.256-262
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Sagredos, C. & Nikolova, E., '‘Slut I hate you’ A critical discourse analysis of gendered conflict on YouTube' (2022), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 10(1), pp. 169-196
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Sanders, T., 'Inevitably violent? Dynamics of space, governance, and stigma in understanding violence against sex workers' (2016), in Austin Sarat (ed.), Special Issue: Problematizing Prostitution: Critical Research and Scholarship (Studies in Law, Politics and Society, Volume 71), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.93-114
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Sang, Y. & Stanton, J., 'Analyzing Hate Speech with Incel-Hunters’ Critiques' (2020), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 5-13
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Santana, B.S., Vanin, A.A. & Wives, L.K., 'Sexist Hate Speech: Identifying Potential Online Verbal Violence Instances' (2022), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 13208 LNAI, pp. 177-187
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Sarikakis, K., Kassa, B.E., Fenz, N., Goldschmitt S., Kasser, J. & Nowotarski, L., '“My haters and I”: Personal and political responses to hate speech against female journalists in Austria' (2021), Feminist Media Studies [online]
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Sarkar, S. & Rajan, B., 'Materiality and Discursivity of Cyber Violence Against Women in India' (2021), Journal of Creative Communications [online]
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Särmä, S., 'Underbelly: Making Online Hate Visible' (2020), New Perspectives, 28(1), pp. 128-141
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Sauvé, J.-S., 'Prohibiting discrimination against trans∗ people: Improving the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms by adding “gender identity” and “gender expression” to the list of defined discriminations' (2015), Enfances, Familles, Generations, 23, pp.108-126

Scotto di Carlo, G., 'An analysis of self-other representations in the incelosphere: Between online misogyny and self-contempt' (2022), Discourse and Society [online]
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Sękowska-Kozłowska, K., Baranowska, G. & Gliszczyńska-Grabias, A., 'Sexist Hate Speech and the International Human Rights Law: Towards Legal Recognition of the Phenomenon by the United Nations and the Council of Europe' (2022), International Journal for the Semiotics of Law [online]
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Sian, K., 'Stupid Paki loving bitch: The politics of online Islamophobia and misogyny' (2018), in M. Bhatia, S. Poynting & W. Tufail (Eds), Media, Crime and Racism. Palgrave Studies in Crime, Media and Culture (pp.117-138). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
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Simm, G., 'Queering CEDAW? Sexual orientation, gender identity and expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) in international human rights law' (2021), Griffith Law Review [online]
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Smith, A., 'Unmasking the state: Racial/gender terror and hate crimes' (2007), Australian Feminist Law Journal, 26(1), pp.47-57
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Sosa, L., 'Now You See Me? The Visibility of Trans and Travesti Experiences in Criminal Procedures' (2020), Politics and Governance, 8(3), pp. 266-277
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Soto, C.A.A., 'Discourse by readers of digital media about police violence against women: Another form of virtual violence?' (2018), Estudios Sobre el Mensaje Periodistico 24(2), pp. 1023-1041
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Spalek, B., 'Communities, identities and crime' (2008), Bristol: The Policy Press.

Steinl, L., 'Hate crime and gender-based violence against women: An introduction from a criminal law perspective' (2019), Zeitschrift fur Rechtssoziologie, 38(2), pp. 179-207
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Stotzer, R.L., 'The intersection of suspect and victim race/ethnicity among anti-gay and anti-lesbian bias crimes' (2013), Psychology and Sexuality
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Sundén, J. & Paasonen, S., 'Shameless hags and tolerance whores: feminist resistance and the affective circuits of online hate' (2018), Feminist Media Studies 18(4), pp. 643-656
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Tell MAMA, 'Gendered anti-Muslim hatred and Islamophobia' (2018), London: Faith Matters
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Tranchese, A. & Sugiura, L., '“I Don’t Hate All Women, Just Those Stuck-Up Bitches”: How Incels and Mainstream Pornography Speak the Same Extreme Language of Misogyny' (2021), Violence Against Women [online]
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Trickett, L., 'Reflections on gendered masculine identities intargeted violence against ethnic minorities' (2014), in Hall, N., Corb, A., Giannasi, P. & Grieve, J. (eds.) (2014) The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime. London: Routledge

Trindade, L.V.P., 'Disparagement Humour and Gendered Racism on Social Media in Brazil' (2019), Ethnic and Racial Studies [online]
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Tsang, E.Y.H., '“Be the Dream Queen”: Gender Performativity, Femininity, and Transgender Sex Workers in China' (2021), International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), 11168
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Tumber, H. & Waisbord, S. (Eds), 'The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism' (2021), London: Routledge
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Tunney, E., 'Misogyny and marginalization in criminal justice systems: Women’s experiences in two post-conflict societies' (2014), Journal of Hate Studies, 12(1), pp. 153-176
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Veldhuis, C.B., Drabble, L., Riggle, E.D.B., Wootton, A.R. & Hughes, T.L., '“I fear for my safety, but want to show bravery for others”: Violence and discrimination concerns among transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals after the 2016 Presidential Election' (2018), Violence and Gender, 5(1), pp.26-36
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Venäläinen, S., Virkki, T., 'Struggles for Moral Value and the Reproduction of Gendered and Racialised Hierarchies in Online Discussions of Violence' (2019), Sociological Review [online]
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Wachs, S. & Wright, M.F., '‘The Moderation of Online Disinhibition and Sex on the Relationship between Online Hate Victimization and Perpetration’' (2019), Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(5), pp. 300-306
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Walklate, S., 'Sexual violence against women: Still a controversial issue for victimology?' (2014), International Review of Victimology, 20(1), pp.71-84
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Walters, M.A. & Turnath, J., 'Gender ‘hostility’, rape, and the hate crime paradigm' (2014), The Modern Law Review, 77(4), pp.563-596
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Weisburd, S.B. & Levin, B., '“On the basis of sex”: Recognizing gender-based bias crimes' (1994), Stanford Law and Policy Review, 5(2), pp.21-43
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Williams, D.J., Arntfield, M., Schaal, K. & Vincent, J., 'Wanting sex and willing to kill: Examining demographic and cognitive characteristics of violent “involuntary celibates”' (2021), Behavioral Sciences and the Law [online]
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Zellerer, E., 'Restorative justice in Indigenous communities: Critical issues in confronting violence against women' (1999), International Review of Victimology, 6, pp.345-358
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Zempi, I., 'Veiled Muslim Women’s Responses to Experiences of Gendered Islamophobia in the UK' (2019), International Review of Victimology [online]
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Zempi, I. & Chakraborti, N., 'The veil under attack: Gendered dimensions of Islamophobic victimisation' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(3), pp.269-284
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Zempi, I. & Smith, J. (Eds.), 'Misogyny as Hate Crime' (2021), London: Routledge
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Zhang, J., 'Sexual disgust sensitivity mediates the sex difference in support of censoring hate speech' (2019), Personality and Individual Differences, 145, pp.89-96
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