Publications: Hate speech

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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'JS Mill’s boundaries of freedom of expression: A critique' (2017), Philosophy [online], pp.1-44
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Racism and Hate Speech – a Critique of Scanlon’s Contractual Theory' (2019), First Amendment Studies [online]
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Cohen-Almagor, R, 'Facebook and Holocaust denial' (2016), 57, pp.10-16
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Cohen-Almagor, R., '‘Racism and Hate Speech – A Critique of Scanlon’s Contractual Theory’' (2019), First Amendment Studies [online]
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Hate and racist speech in the United States: A critique' (2016), Philosophy and Public Issues, 6(1), pp.77-123
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Cohen-Almagor, R., 'Between speech and terror: The Charlie Hebdo Affair' (2016)
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Coker, C.T., 'Hope-fulfilling or effectively chilling? Reconciling the Hate Crimes Prevention Act with the First Amendment' (2011), Vanderbilt Law Review, 64(1)
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Collier, L.M., 'College campus hate speech codes: A personal view from an absolute perspective' (1995), Howard Journal of Communications, 5(4), pp.263-278
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Constantinou, M. & Baider, F.H., 'Covert Hate Speech: A Contrastive Study of Greek and Greek Cypriot Online Discussions with an Emphasis on Irony' (2020), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 8(2), pp. 262-287
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Corazza, M., Menini, S., Cabrio, E., Tonelli, S. & Villata, S., 'A Multilingual Evaluation for Online Hate Speech Detection' (2020), ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 20(2), 3377323
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Costello, M. & Hawdon, J., 'Hate Speech in Online Spaces' (2020), in T.J. Holt & A.M. Bossler (Eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of International Cybercrime and Cyberdeviance (pp. 1397-1416). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
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Costello, M., Hawdon, J. & Cross, A., 'Virtually standing up or standing by? Correlates of enacting social control online' (2017), International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 6, pp.16-28
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Cowan, G., Heiple, B., Marquez, C., Khatchadourian, D. & McNevin, M., 'Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward hate crimes and hate speech against gays and lesbians: Old-fashioned and modern heterosexism' (2005), Journal of Homosexuality, 49(2), pp.67-82
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Cowan, G., Resendez, M., Marshall, E. & Quist, R., 'Hate speech and constitutional protection: Priming values of equality and freedom' (2002), Journal of Social Issues, 58(2), pp.247-263
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Culpeper, J., Iganski, P. & Sweiry, A., 'Linguistic impoliteness and religiously aggravated hate crime in England and Wales' (2017), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 5(1), pp. 1-29
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Curthoys, A., 'The volatility of racism in Australia' (2007), in Gelber, K. & Stone, A. (eds.) Hate Speech and Freedom of Speech in Australia. The Federation Press.

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D'Sa, A.G., Illina, I. & Fohr, D., 'BERT and fastText Embeddings for Automatic Detection of Toxic Speech' (2020), Proceedings of 2020 International Multi-Conference on: Organization of Knowledge and Advanced Technologies, OCTA 2020, 9151853
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Damcevic, K. & Rodik, F., 'Ready for the homeland: Hate speech on Croatian right-wing public Facebook pages' (2018), Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations, 20(3), pp. 31-50
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Dashtevski, A. & Ilieva, J., 'International legal framework for dealing with hate speech' (2017), Medzinarodne vztahy (Journal of International Relations), 15(4), pp.358-370
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de Britto, T.F., 'What Teachers Can (Not) Say? The Canadian Experience and “Escola Sem Partido”' (2019), Revista Brasileira de Educacao, 24, e240019
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Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J., 'Understanding Words That Wound' (2019), New York: Routledge
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Demaske, C., 'Social Justice, Recognition Theory and the First Amendment: A New Approach to Hate Speech Restriction' (2019), Communication Law and Policy, 24(3), pp. 347-401
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Demos, 'Hate speech after Brexit' (2016), Centre for the Analysis of Social Media
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Derzsy, N., 'Strategies for Combating Online Hate' (2019), Nature, 573, pp. 203-204
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Deveci, C. & Nur Binbuğa Kınık, B., 'Nationalist bias in Turkish official discourse on hate speech: a Rawlsian criticism' (2019), Turkish Studies, 20:1, pp.26-48
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Devyatkin, D., Smirnov, I., Solovyev, F., Suvorova, M. & Chepovskiy, A., 'Extremist Text Detection in Social Web' (2019), Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, MCCSIS 2019 - Proceedings of the International Conferences on ICT, Society and Human Beings 2019, Connected Smart Cities 2019 and Web Based Communities and Social Media 2019, pp. 344-350
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Dhillon, J., Gupta, V., Govil, R., Varshney, B. & Sinha, A., 'Crowdsourcing of Hate Speech for Detecting Abusive Behavior on Social Media' (2019), 2019 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication, ICSC 2019, 8938289, pp. 41-46
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Dholvan, M., Bhuvanagiri, A.K., Bathina, S.M. & Bussa, R., 'Offensive Text Detection Using Temporal Convolutional Networks' (2020), International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(6), pp. 5177-5185
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Di Rosa, A., 'Performative Hate Speech Acts. Perlocutionary and Illocutionary Understandings in International Human Rights Law' (2019), Age of Human Rights Journal, 12, pp. 105-132
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Döring, N. & Mohseni, M.R., 'Fail Videos and Related Video Comments on YouTube: A Case of Sexualization of Women and Gendered Hate Speech?' (2019), Communication Research Reports, 36(3), pp. 254-264
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Dorris, W., Hu, R.R., Vishwamitra, N., Luo, F. & Costello, M., 'Towards Automatic Detection and Explanation of Hate Speech and Offensive Language' (2020), IWSPA 2020 - Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Security and Privacy Analytics, pp. 23-29
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Dorđević, J.P., 'The Sociocognitive Dimension of Hate Speech in Readers’ Comments on Serbian News Websites' (2020), Discourse, Context and Media, 33
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Douglass, S., Mirpuri, S., English, D. & Yip, T., '“They were just making jokes”: Ethnic/racial teasing and discrimination among adolescents' (2015), Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
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Downing, J., Dronn, R., 'Tweeting Grenfell: Discourse and Networks in Critical Constructions of British Muslim Social Boundaries on Social Media' (2019), New Media and Society [online]
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D’Souza, T., Griffin, L., Shackleton, N. & Walt, D. , '‘Harming women with words: The failure of Australian law to prohibit gendered hate speech’' (2018), University of New South Wales Law Journal, 41(3), pp. 939-976
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Edge, P.W., 'Oppositional religious speech: Understanding hate preaching' (2018), Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 20(3), pp.278-289
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Edström, M., 'The trolls disappear in the light: Swedish experiences of mediated sexualised hate speech in the aftermath of Behring Breivik' (2016), International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(2), pp.96-106
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Ekeli, K.S., 'Democratic Legitimacy, Political Speech and Viewpoint Neutrality' (2020), Philosophy and Social Criticism [online]
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Elisabeth, D., Budi, I. & Ibrohim, M.O., 'Hate Code Detection in Indonesian Tweets Using Machine Learning Approach: A Dataset and Preliminary Study' (2020), 2020 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology, ICoICT 2020, 9166251
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Elouali, A., Elberrichi, Z. & Elouali, N., 'Hate Speech Detection on Multilingual Twitter Using Convolutional Neural Networks' (2020), Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle, 34(1), pp. 81-88
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Enarsson, T. & Naarttijarvi, M., 'Is it all part of the game? Victim differentiation and the normative protection of victims of online antagonism under the European Convention on Human Rights (Article)' (2016), International Review of Victimology, 22(2), pp.123-138
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Englmeier, K., 'The Role of Storylines in Hate Speech Detection' (2020), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2606, pp. 33-39
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Englmeier, K. & Mothe, J., 'Application-Oriented Approach for Detecting Cyberaggression in Social Media' (2021), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1213 AISC, pp. 129-136
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Erdogan-Ozturk, Y. & Isik-Guler, H., 'Discourses of Exclusion on Twitter in the Turkish Context: #ülkemdesuriyeliistemiyorum (#idontwantsyriansinmycountry)' (2020), Discourse, Context and Media, 36, 100400
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Erizal, E., Irawan, B. & Setianingsih, C., 'Hate Speech Detection in Indonesian Language on Instagram Comment Section Using Maximum Entropy Classification Method' (2019), 2019 International Conference on Information and Communications Technology, ICOIACT 2019, 8938593, pp. 533-538
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Estellés, M. & Castellví, J., 'The Educational Implications of Populism, Emotions and Digital Hate Speech: A Dialogue with Scholars From Canada, Chile, Spain, the UK, and the US' (2020), Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(15), 6034
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Etzioni, A., 'Allow Offensive Speech – Curb Abusive Speech?' (2019), Society [online]
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on Austria (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on the Czech Republic (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'Annual report on ECRI’s activities' (2017), Strasbourg: ECRI Secretariat
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