Publications: B

Bayraklı, E. & Hafez, F. (Eds.), 'Islamophobia in Muslim majority societies' (2018), New York, NY: Routledge
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Beadle-Brown, J., Richardson, L., Guest, C., Malovic, A., Bradshaw, J. & Himmerich, J., 'Living in fear: Better outcomes for people with learning disabilities and autism' (2014), Canterbury: Tizard Centre, University of Kent.
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Beale, S. S., 'Federalizing hate crimes: Symbolic politics, expressive law, or tool for criminal enforcement?' (2000), Boston University Law Review, 80(5), pp.1227-1281
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Beatty Moody, D.L., Waldstein, S.R., Tobin, J.N., Cassells, A., Schwartz, J.C. & Brondolo, E., 'Lifetime racial/ethnic discrimination and ambulatory blood pressure: The moderating effect of age' (2016), Health Psychology, 35(4), pp.333-342
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Beck, E.M. & Tolnay, S.E., 'The killing fields of the deep South: The market for cotton and the lynching of Blacks, 1882-1930' (1990), American Sociological Review, 55(4), pp.526-539
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Beck, P. et al., 'Operation Jackhammer' (1990), Canberra Times

Becker, P.J., 'The creation of Ohio’s ethnic intimidation law: Triggering events, media campaigns, and interest group activity' (1999), American Journal of Criminal Justice, 23(2), pp.247-265
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Begun, S. & Kattari, S.K., 'Conforming for survival: Associations between transgender visual conformity/passing and homelessness experiences' (2016), Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 28(1), pp.54-66
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Bell, J., 'Policing hatred: Police bias units and the construction of hate crime' (1997), Michigan Journal of Race & Law, 2, pp.421-460
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Bell, J, 'Policing hatred: Law enforcement, civil rights, and hate crime' (2002), New York: New York University Press

Bell, J., 'Deciding when hate is a crime: The first amendment, police detectives and the identification of hate crime' (2002), Rutgers Race and the Law Review, 4(1), pp.33-76
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Bell, J., 'Hate thy neighbor: Lessons for neighborhood integration for the post-Obama era and beyond' (2017), Law & Social Inquiry [online]
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Bell, J., 'The Resistance & the Stubborn but Unsurprising Persistence of Hate and Extremism in the United States' (2019), Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 26(1), pp. 305-315
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Bell, J.G. & Perry, B., 'Outside looking in: The community impacts of anti-lesbian, gay, and bisexual hate crime' (2015), Journal of Homosexuality, 62(1), pp.98-120
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Benček, D. & Martin, C., 'Explaining hate crimes against refugees in Germany: Regional spill-overs or local determinants?' (2016), Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Working Paper
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Benier, K., 'The neighborhood context of hate crime: A comparison of violent and property offenses using rare events modeling' (2016), Violence and Victims, 32(4), pp.584-608
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Benier, K., 'The harms of hate: Comparing the neighbouring practices and interactions of hate crime victims, non-hate crime victims and non-victims' (2017), International Review of Victimology [online], pp.1-23
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Benier, K., 'Global terrorism events and ensuing hate incidents' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.79-95), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Benier, K., 'The people or the place? An analysis of the protective factors of hate crime in multiethnic neighbourhoods in Australia' (2019), Australian Journal of Social Issues [online]
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Benier, K., Wickes, R. & Higginson, A., 'Ethnic hate crime in Australia: Diversity and change in the neighbourhood context' (2016), British Journal of Criminology, 56(3), pp.479-496
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Bennett, A., 'Livestreamed hate crime against disabled man prompts national outrage' (2017), Family & Intimate Partner Violence Quarterly, 9(4), pp.47-52
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Bennett, C.R., 'Another type of hate crime: Violence against American Indian women in reservation border towns' (2018), in M.O. Nielsen & K. Jarratt-Snider (Eds.). Crime and social justice in Indian country (pp.21-38). Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press

Bensinger, G.J., 'Hate crimes: A new/old problem' (1992), International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 16(2), pp.115-123
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Benton, B., Peterka-Benton, D., 'Hating in Plain Sight: The Hatejacking of Brands by Extremist Groups' (2019), Public Relations Inquiry [online]
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Benveniste, A. & Pingaud, E., 'Far-right movements in France: The principal role of front national and the rise of Islamophobia' (2016), in G. Lazaridis, G. Campani & A. Benveniste (Eds.), The rise of the Far Right in Europe (pp.55-79). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Benveniste, A., Campani, G. & Lazaridis, G, 'Introduction: Populism: The concept and its definitions' (2016), in G. Lazaridis, G. Campani & A. Benveniste (Eds.), The rise of the Far Right in Europe (pp.1-23). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Benzirgan, B., 'The problematization of hate crime legislation in Turkey: The re-emergence of legitimate victims' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.142-156), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Berard, T. J., 'Hate crimes and their criminalization' (2010), in M. Peyrot & S. L. Burns (Eds.), New Approaches to Social Problems Treatment (Research in Social Problems and Public Policy) (Vol. 17, pp. 15-40), Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Berecz, T. & Devinat, C., 'The state of cyberhate' (2018), INACH
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Berecz, T. & Devinat, C., 'Quarterly Report on Cyber Hate (July-September 2017)' (2017), INACH
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Berek, M., 'Antisemitism and immigration in Western Europe today: Is there a connection? The case of Germany' (2018), Foundation Remembrance, Responsibility and Future (EVZ), Berlin & Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, University of London
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Berg, L. & Carbin, M., 'Troubling solidarity: Anti-racist feminist protest in a digitalized time' (2018), WSQ, 46(3-4), pp. 120-136
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Berger, M. & Sarnyai, Z., '“More than skin deep”: Stress neurobiology and mental health consequences of racial discrimination' (2015), Stress, 18(1), pp.1-10
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Berk, R.A., 'Thinking about hate-motivated crimes' (1990), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5(3), pp.334-349
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Berk, R.A., Boyd, E.A. & Hamner, K.M., 'Thinking more clearly about hate-motivated crimes' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Berman, E.G., 'The international commission of inquiry (Rwanda): Lessons and observations from the field ' (2001), American Behavioral Scientist, 45(4), pp.616-625
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Berman, A. & Robinson, S., 'Speaking out: Stopping homophobic and transphobic abuse in Queensland' (2010), Brisbane: Australian Academic Press

Bernstein, P., 'Ten dollars to hate: The Texas man who fought the Klan' (2017), Texas A&M University Press
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Bernstein, M. & Kostelac, C., 'Lavender and blue: Attitudes about homosexuality and behavior toward lesbians and gay men among police officers' (2002), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 18(3), pp.302-328
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Berrill, K.T., 'Organizing against hate on campus: Strategies for activists' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Berrill, K.T., 'Antigay violence and victimization in the United States: An overview' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Berrill, K.T. & Herek, G.M., 'Documenting the victimization of lesbians and gay men: Methodological issues' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Berrill, K.T. & Herek, G.M., 'Primary and secondary victimization in antigay hate crimes: Official response and public policy' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Berube, M, 'Tendances violentes de la droite radical au Canada: Analyses chronologiques et facteurs d’influence (Article)' (2016), Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 58(2), pp.221-250

Beshara, R.K., 'Charlie Hebdo: Differences in corporate and alternative media coverage' (2018), Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs [online], pp.1-7
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Beydoun, K.A., 'On Islamophobia, immigration, and the “Muslim Bans”' (2017), Ohio Northern University Law Review, 43, pp.443-458
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Bhatia, M., Poynting, S. & Tufail, W. (Eds), 'Media, crime and racism' (2018), Palgrave Studies in Crime, Media and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

Bhatnagar, P., 'Countering online hate speech' (2018), Global Media Review, 1(3), pp.1-10
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Bianchi, E.C., Hall, E.V. & Lee, S., 'Reexamining the link between economic downturns and racial antipathy: Evidence that prejudice against Blacks rises during recessions' (2018), Psychological Science [online]
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Billingham, P., '‘State Speech as a Response to Hate Speech: Assessing “Transformative Liberalism”’' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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