Publications: B

Brax, D., 'Motives, reasons, and responsibility in hate/bias crime legislation' (2016), Criminal Justice Ethics [online], pp.1-19
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Brax, D., 'Hate crime concepts and their moral foundations: A universal framework' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.49-64), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Brax, D. & Munthe, C., 'The philosophical aspects of hate crime and hate crime legislation: Introducing the special section on the philosophy of hate crime' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1687-1695
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Brearley, M., 'The persecution of Gypsies in Europe' (2001), American Behavioral Scientist, 45(4), pp.588-599
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Breen, D. & Nel, J.A., 'South Africa – A home for all? The need for hate crime legislation' (2011), South African Crime Quarterly, 38
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Breen, D., Lynch, I., Nel, J. & Matthews, I., 'Hate crime in transitional societies: The case of South Africa' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.126-141), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Brennan, F., 'Punishing Islamophobic hostility: Are any lessons to be learned from racially hostile crimes?' (2003), Journal of Civil Liberties, 8(1), pp.28-50
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Brennan, F., 'Racially motivated crime: The response of the criminal justice system' (1999), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.17-28
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Brennan, F., 'Legislating against internet race hate' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.123-153
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Brennan, F., 'www.hatecrime.co Laws uncritical engagement' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.75-78
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Brereton, S., 'Living in a different world: Joint review of disability hate crime' (2013), Probation Journal, 60(3), pp.345-346
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Brewer, S.L., Meckley-Brewer, H. & Stinson, P.M., 'Fearful and distracted in school: Predicting bullying among youths' (2017), Children and Schools, 39(4), pp. 219-226
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Brickell, K. & Maddrell, A., 'Geographical frontiers of gendered violence' (2016), Dialogues in Human Geography, 6(2), pp.170-172
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Brimicombe , A. J., Ralphs , M. P., Sampson, A. & Tsui, H. Y. , 'An analysis of the role of neighbourhood ethnic composition in the geographical distribution of racially motivated incidents' (2001), British Journal of Criminology, 41(2), pp.293-308.
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Brindle, A., 'The object of subordination is immaterial: Discursive constructions of masculinity in a far-right online forum' (2017), in Baker P. & Balirano G. (Eds.), Queering masculinities in language and culture, Palgrave Studies in Language, Gender and Sexuality (pp.251-275) . Palgrave Macmillan, London
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Brink, D.O., 'Millian principles, freedom of expression and hate speech' (2001), Legal Theory, 7(2), pp.119-157
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Briones-Robinson, R., Powers, R.A. & Socia, K.M., 'Sexual orientation bias crimes: Examination of reporting, perception of police bias, and differential police response' (2016), Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43(12), pp.1688-1709
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Briskman, L., 'The creeping blight of Islamophobia in Australia' (2015), International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4(3), pp.112-121
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Briskman, L., Iner, D., Krayem, G., Latham, S., Matthews, Z., Pearson, C., Poynting, S., Vargani, M., Yasmeen, S. & Zayied, I., 'Islamophobia in Australia 2014-2016' (2017), Sydney, NSW: Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation, Charles Sturt University
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Bronitt, S., 'Hate speech, sedition and the war on terror' (2007), in Gelber, K. & Stone, A. (eds.) Hate Speech and Freedom of Speech in Australia. The Federation Press.

Bronitt, S. & McSherry, B., 'Public order' (2010), in Principles of Criminal Law (3rd ed.). Thomson Reuters.
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Bronitt, S. & Stellios, J., 'Sedition, security and human rights: ‘Unbalanced’ law reform in the ‘war on terror’' (2006), Melbourne University Law Review, 30(3), pp. 923
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Brookfield, K., '‘Building respect and changing cultures in the University community’: An account of Research in progress' (2018), IMPact: The University of Lincoln Journal of Higher Education Research, 1 (1), pp.1-13
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Brooks, T.D., 'First Amendment-penalty enhancement for hate crimes: Content regulation, questionable state interests and non-traditional sentencing' (1994), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 84(4), pp.703-742
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Brooks, J., Remtulla, T. & Steinberg, A., 'Youth hate crimes: Identification, prevention, and intervention' (2003), American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(5), pp.979-989
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Broughton, J.R., 'Hate crimes, the death penalty and criminal justice reform' (2017), Journal of Public Law and Policy, 37(1), pp.185-214
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Brown, C., 'Legislating against hate crime in New Zealand: The need to recognise gender-based violence' (2004), Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, 35(3), pp.591-608
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Brown, A., 'What is hate speech? Part 2: Family resemblances' (2017), Law and Philosophy, 36(5), pp.561–613
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Brown, A., 'What is hate speech? Part 1: The myth of hate' (2017), Law and Philosophy, 36(4), pp.419–468
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Brown, A., 'The “who?” question in the hate speech debate: Part 1: Consistency, practical, and formal approaches' (2016), Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, 29(2), pp. 275-320
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Brown, A., 'Hate speech law: A philosophical examination' (2015), New York: Routledge.
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Brown, R.S., 'Susan Gellman has it right' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.46-48
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Brown, A., '‘Sometimes people kill you emotionally’: policing inclusion, experiences of self-identified homosexual youth in secondary schools in Namibia' (2017), African Identities, 15(3), pp.339-350
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Brown, A., 'What is so special about online (as compared to offline) hate speech?' (2017), Ethnicities, 18(3), pp.297-326
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Brudholm, T., 'Dwelling on hatred' (2018), in T. Brudholm & B. Schepelern Johansen (Eds), Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate (Chapter 3). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Brudholm, T., 'Conceptualizing hatred globally: Is hate crime a human rights violation' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.31-48), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Brudholm, T., 'Hate crimes and human rights violations' (2014), Journal of Applied Philosophy
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Brudholm, T. & Johansen, B.S., 'The memory of prevention. European anti-hate crime policy and Holocaust remembrance' (2018), International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society [online], pp.1-15
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Brudholm, T. & Schepelern Johansen, B. (Eds.), 'Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate' (2018), New York, NY: Oxford University Press
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Bruneau, E., Kteily, N. & Falk, E., 'Interventions highlighting hypocrisy reduce collective blame of Muslims for individual acts of violence and assuage anti-Muslim hostility' (2018), Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44(3), pp.430-448
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Bruneau, E., Kteily, N. & Laustsen, L., 'The unique effects of blatant dehumanization on attitudes and behavior towards Muslim refugees during the European ‘Refugee Crisis’ across four countries' (2017), European Journal of Social Psychology [online]
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Bruns, A., 'After the ‘APIcalypse’: social media platforms and their fight against critical scholarly research' (2019), Information Communication and Society [online]
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Brunt, P. & Brophy, K., 'Gay tourist victimisation' (2006), International Review of Victimology, 13(3), pp.275-299
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Bryant-Davis, T. & Ocampo, C., 'Racist incident-based trauma' (2005), Counseling Psychologist, 33(4), pp.479-500
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Bubolz, B.F. & Simi, P., 'Leaving the world of hate: Life-course transitions and self-change' (2015), American Behavioral Scientist, 59(12), pp.1588-1608
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Bucher, J., '“But he can’t be gay”: The relationship between masculinity and homophobia in father-son relationships' (2014), Journal of Men's Studies, 22(3), pp.222-237
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Bueker, C.S., 'What wakes the sleeping giant? The effect of state context on Latino voter turnout in the 2004 election' (2013), Latino Studies, 11(3), pp.388-410
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Bufkin, J.L., 'Bias crime as gendered behavior' (1999), Social Justice, 26(1), pp.155-176
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Buijs, L., Hekma, G. & Willem Duyvendak, J., '‘As long as they keep away from me’: The paradox of antigay violence in a gay-friendly country' (2011), Sexualities, 14(6), pp.632-652
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Bull Kovera, M., 'Implications of automatic and controlled processes in stereotyping for hate crime perpetration and litigation Margaret Bull Kovera' (2007), Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making, pp.227-246
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