Publications

B

Buijs, L., Hekma, G. & Willem Duyvendak, J., '‘As long as they keep away from me’: The paradox of antigay violence in a gay-friendly country' (2011), Sexualities, 14(6), pp.632-652
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Bull Kovera, M., 'Implications of automatic and controlled processes in stereotyping for hate crime perpetration and litigation Margaret Bull Kovera' (2007), Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making, pp.227-246
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Bunar, N., 'Hate crimes against immigrants in Sweden and community responses' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.166-181
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Bunch, C., 'Women’s rights as human rights: Toward a re-vision of human rights' (1990), Human Rights Quarterly, 12, pp.486-498

Bunde, E., 'AI-assisted and explainable hate speech detection for social media moderators – A design science approach' (2021), Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2020-January, pp. 1264-1273
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Buoncompagni, G. & D’ambrosi, L., 'Hate Speech Towards Migrants' (2020), in G. La Rocca & J. Martínez-Torvisco (Eds.) Technological and Digital Risk: Research Issues. Peter Lang Publishers
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Burch, L., '‘We shouldn’t be told to shut up, we should be told we can speak out’: Reflections on using arts-based methods to research disability hate crime' (2021), Qualitative Social Work [online]
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Burch, Leah, 'Impressions of disability hate Reflections on internalisation, navigation, and resistance.' (2020)
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Burch, L., 'Challenging ‘hate crime’: Research, policy, and practice, International Criminological Research Unit' (2016), Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies, 10(1), pp.113-116
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Burch, L., '‘You are a parasite on the productive classes’: Online disablist hate speech in austere times' (2017), Disability & Society [online], pp.1-24
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Burchell, D., 'An email from the ether: After the Cronulla events' (2006), Australian Universities Review, 48(2), pp.6-8
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Burchell, D., 'Beached: The Cronulla events a year on' (2007), Australian Universities Review, 49(1-2), pp.48-50
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Burdsey, D. & Gorman, S., 'When Adam met Rio: Conversations on racism, anti-racism and multiculturalism in the Australian Football League and English Premier League' (2015), Sport in Society, 18(5), pp.577-587
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Burke, S., 'The discursive “othering” of Jews and Muslims in the Britain First solidarity patrol' (2018), Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
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Burke, S., Diba, P. & Antonopoulos, G.A., '‘You Sick, Twisted Messes’: The Use of Argument and Reasoning in Islamophobic and Anti-Semitic Discussions on Facebook' (2020), Discourse and Society [online]
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Burks, A.C., Cramer, R.J., Henderson, C.E., Stroud, C.H., Crosby, J.W. & Graham, J., 'Frequency, nature, and correlates of hate crime victimization experiences in an urban sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(3), pp.402-420
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Burmeister, J.M., Kiefner, A.E., Carels, R.A. & Musher-Eizenman, D.R., 'Weight bias in graduate school admissions' (2013), Obesity, 21(5), pp.918-920
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Burn, S.M., Kadlec, K. & Rexer, R., 'Effects of subtle heterosexism on gays, lesbians, and bisexuals' (2008), Journal of Homosexuality, 49(2), pp.23-28
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Hate Speech, machine classification and statistical modelling of information flows on Twitter: Interpretation and communication for policy decision making' (2014), The Internet, Policy & Politics Conferences.
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Burnap, P. & Williams, M.L., 'Us and them: Identifying cyber hate on Twitter across multiple protected characteristics' (2016), EPJ Data Science, 5(1)
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Burnett, J., 'Racial violence and the Brexit state' (2017), Race and Class, 58(4), pp.85-97
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Burnett, J., 'Britain: Racial violence and the politics of hate' (2013), Race & Class, 54(4), pp.5-21
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Burney, E., 'Using the law on racially aggravated offences' (2003), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.28-36

Burney, E. & Rose, G., 'Racist offences – how is the law working?: The implementation of the legislation on racially aggravated offences in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998' (2002), Home Office Research Study 244. London: Home Office
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Burns, S.L., Harper, S.R., Hildebrand, E.S. & Moore, M.N., 'Behavioural responses to hate crimes: A study of Asians and Asian Americans on a university campus' (2000), Journal of the Indiana University Student Personnel Association, pp.64-78
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Burridge, A., Sacks, J. & Warner, M., 'Confronting religious violence: A counternarrative' (2018), Waco: Baylor University Press, 2018, Project MUSE
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Burt, C.H., Simons, R.L. & Gibbons, F.X., 'Racial discrimination, ethnic-racial socialization, and crime: A micro-sociological model of risk and resilience' (2012), American Sociological Review, 77(4), pp.648-677
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Burton, M., Marshal, P., Chisolm, J., Sucato, S. & Friedman, S., 'Sexual minority-related victimization as a mediator of mental health disparities in sexual minority youth: A longitudinal analysis' (2013), Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(3), pp.394-402
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Butler, J., 'Excitable speech: A politics of the performative' (2021), London: Routledge
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Büttner, C., 'Follow-up of right-wing violence for those affected and possibilities for support by specialized victim counseling centers' (2018), Knowledge Creates Democracy - Open Access Series of the IDZ
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Byers, B. D., Warren-Gordon, K. & Jones, J. A., 'Predictors of hate crime prosecutions: An analysis of data from the National Prosecutors Survey and state-level bias crime laws' (2012), Race and Justice, 2(3), pp.203-219
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Byers, B., Crider, B.W. & Biggers, G.K., 'Bias crime motivation: A study of hate crime and offender neutralization techniques used against the Amish' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15(1), pp.78-96
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Byers, B.D. & Crider, B.W., 'Hate crimes against the Amish: A qualitative analysis of bias motivation using routine activities theory' (2002), Deviant Behavior, 23(2), pp.115-148
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Byers, B.D. & Zeller, R.A., 'Official hate crime statistics: An examination of the “epidemic hypothesis”' (2001), Journal of Crime and Justice, 24(2), pp.73-85
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Byers, B.D. & Zeller, R.A., 'An examination of official hate crime offense and bias motivation statistics for 1991-1994' (1997), Journal of Crime and Justice, 20(1), pp.91-106
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Byers, B.D., & Jones, J.A., 'The impact of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 on anti-Islamic hate crime' (2007), Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 5(1), pp.43-56
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C

Cabeldue, M. K., Cramer, R. J., Kehn, A., Crosby, J. W. & Anastasi, J. S., 'Measuring attitudes about hate: Development of the hate crime beliefs scale' (2016), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, pp.1-30
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Cabeldue, M. K., Cramer, R. J., Kehn, A., Crosby, J. W., & Anastasi, J. S., 'Measuring Attitudes About Hate: Development of the Hate Crime Beliefs Scale' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(23), pp.3656–3685
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Cabellos Espiérrez, M.Á., 'Freedom of expression and legal limits: A new stage along the road towards establishing constitutionally consistent interpretative criteria | [Libertad de expresión y límites penales: Una nueva fase en el camino hacia la fijación de criterios interpretativos constitucionalmente coherentes]' (2020), Revista Catalana de Dret Public, 2020(61), pp. 30-49
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Caiani, M., Carlotti, B. & Padoan, E., 'Online Hate Speech and the Radical Right in Times of Pandemic: The Italian and English Cases' (2021), Javnost [online]
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Cainkar, L. & Najeeb, J., 'Taking on Hate: Muslim Women Build a Community-Driven Hate Watch' (2019), Journal of Middle East Women's Studies, 15(3), pp. 402-408
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Caldera, H.M.M., Meedin, G.S.N. & Perera, I., 'Time series based trend analysis for hate speech in Twitter during COVID 19 pandemic' (2020), 20th International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions, ICTer 2020 – Proceedings, 9325491, pp. 286-287
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Calderón, C.A., de la Vega, G. & Herrero, D.B., 'Topic Modeling and Characterization of Hate Speech Against Immigrants on Twitter Around the Emergence of a Far-Right Party in Spain' (2020), Social Sciences, 9(11),188, pp. 1-19
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Callander, D., Newman, C.E. & Holt, M., 'Is sexual racism really racism? Distinguishing attitudes toward sexual racism and generic racism among gay and bisexual men' (2015), Archives of Sexual Behavior
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Callender, K.A., 'Understanding antigay bias from a cognitive-affective-behavioral perspective' (2015), Journal of Homosexuality, pp.1-22
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Camden Council, '“Camden: No place for hate”: An executive summary report on hate crime in Camden' (2015)
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Cameron, L. & Swift, H., 'One Globe Kids in action: Evaluating an online platform for changing social attitudes in young children' (2017), Equality and Human Rights Commission
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Campaign Against Antisemitism, 'National Antisemitic Crime Audit 2016 in review' (2017)
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Campbell, R., 'Beyond hate: Policing sex work, protection and hate crime' (2017), in T. Sanders & M. Laing, Policing the sex industry: Protection, paternalism and politics. New York, NY: Routledge
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Campbell, J., Cothren, D., Rogers, R., Kistler, L., Osowski, A., Greenauer, N. & End, C., 'Sport fans’ impressions of gay male athletes' (2011), Journal of Homosexuality, 58(5), pp.597-607
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