Publications

E

Ellison, G., 'Sending out a message: Hate crime in Northern Ireland' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.10-11
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Ellison, G. & Smith, L., 'Hate crime legislation and violence against sex workers in Ireland: Lessons in policy and practice' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.179-207). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Ellonen, N., Danielsson, P., Tanskanen, M., Kaakinen, M., Suonpää, K. & Oksanen, A., 'Individual and Community-Level Predictors of Hate-Crime Victimization Among Finnish Adolescents' (2020), Journal of Youth Studies [online]
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Elouali, A., Elberrichi, Z. & Elouali, N., 'Hate Speech Detection on Multilingual Twitter Using Convolutional Neural Networks' (2020), Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle, 34(1), pp. 81-88
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Emcke, C., 'Gegen den Hass' (2016), Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer Verlag
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Emerson, E., 'Book review (Disability, hate crime and violence)' (2014), Disability & Society, 29(3), pp.495-496

Emerson, E. & Roulstone, A, 'Developing an evidence base for violent and disablist hate crime in Britain: Findings from the Life Opportunities Survey' (2014), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(17), pp.3086-3104
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Emmerson, R., 'The New Zealand mosque massacre: The heartache, turmoil and absolute dread of Port Arthur' (2019), Pacific Journalism Review, 25(1-2), pp. 13-17
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Enarsson, T. & Naarttijarvi, M., 'Is it all part of the game? Victim differentiation and the normative protection of victims of online antagonism under the European Convention on Human Rights (Article)' (2016), International Review of Victimology, 22(2), pp.123-138
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Englander, E., 'Is bullying a junior hate crime?: Implications for interventions' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.205-212
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Englmeier, K., 'The Role of Storylines in Hate Speech Detection' (2020), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2606, pp. 33-39
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Englmeier, K. & Mothe, J., 'Application-Oriented Approach for Detecting Cyberaggression in Social Media' (2021), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1213 AISC, pp. 129-136
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Eppinga, J., 'Shining the spotlight on injustice: An interview with Morris Dees' (2006), Journal of Hate Studies, 5(1), pp. 119-123
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Eppinga, J., 'Divided by gender: An interview with Jane Elliott' (2007), Journal of Hate Studies, 6(1), pp. 117-122
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Eppinga, J., 'Forgiveness: The key to self-healing – An Interview with Eva Mozes-Kor' (2010), Journal of Hate Studies, 8(1), pp. 133-141
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Equalities and Human Rights Committee, 'It is not cool to be cruel: Prejudice-based bullying and harassment of children and young people in schools' (2017), Scottish Parliament
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Equality and Human Rights Commission, 'Hidden in plain sight: Inquiry into disability-related harassment' (2011)
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Equality and Human Rights Commission, 'Summary report: Tackling prejudice and discrimination' (2017)
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Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), 'Race rights in the UK – Submission to the UN Committee on the elimination of racial discrimination in advance of the public examination of the UK’s implementation of ICERD' (2016)
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Erasmus, N., 'Age discrimination in critical care triage in South Africa: The law and the allocation of scarce health resources in the COVID-19 pandemic' (2020), South African Medical Journal, 110(12), pp. 1172-1175
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Erba, J., 'Effective or symbolic testing the constitutionality of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Hate Crimes Prevention Act' (2014), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 14(2), pp.99-116
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Erdogan-Ozturk, Y. & Isik-Guler, H., 'Discourses of Exclusion on Twitter in the Turkish Context: #ülkemdesuriyeliistemiyorum (#idontwantsyriansinmycountry)' (2020), Discourse, Context and Media, 36, 100400
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Erentzen, C. & Schuller, R., 'Exploring the dark figure of hate: Experiences with police bias and the under-reporting of hate crime' (2020), Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 62(2), pp. 64-97
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Erentzen, C., Schuller, R.A. & Gardner, R.C., 'Model victims of hate: Victim blaming in the context of Islamophobic hate crime' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Erizal, E., Irawan, B. & Setianingsih, C., 'Hate Speech Detection in Indonesian Language on Instagram Comment Section Using Maximum Entropy Classification Method' (2019), 2019 International Conference on Information and Communications Technology, ICOIACT 2019, 8938593, pp. 533-538
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Erlandsson, Å & Meloy, J.R. , 'The Swedish school attack in Trollhättan' (2018), Journal of Forensic Sciences, 63(6), pp.1917-1927
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Esakov, G.A. & Korobeev, A.I., 'Hate crimes counteraction: American experience' (2014), Criminology Journal of Baikal National University of Economics and Law, 1, pp.144-153
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Espiritu, A., 'Racial diversity and hate crime incidents' (2004), The Social Science Journal, 41(2), pp.197-208
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Esposito, J.L., 'Islamophobia and radicalization: Roots, impact and implications' (2019), in J. Esposito & D. Iner (Eds). Islamophobia and Radicalization (pp.15-33). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
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Esposito, E. & Zollo, S.A., '“How dare you call her a pig, I know several pigs who would be upset if they knew : A multimodal critical discursive approach to online misogyny against UK MPs on YouTube' (2021), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 9(1), pp. 47-75
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Esposito, J.L. & Iner, D., 'Islamophobia and radicalization' (2019), Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
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Essed, P., 'Understanding everyday racism: An interdisciplinary theory' (1991), London: Sage

Estellés, M. & Castellví, J., 'The Educational Implications of Populism, Emotions and Digital Hate Speech: A Dialogue with Scholars From Canada, Chile, Spain, the UK, and the US' (2020), Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(15), 6034
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ETEROVIĆ, Ivana, 'Hate Crime in Croatia empirical analysis of cases from the victims’ perspective.' (2020)
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Etzioni, A., 'Allow Offensive Speech – Curb Abusive Speech?' (2019), Society [online]
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Eum, I., 'Korea’s response to Islam and Islamophobia: Focusing on veiled Muslim women’s experiences' (2017), Korea Observer, 48(4), pp.825-849
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European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), 'EU LGBT survey – European Union lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender survey – Results at a glance' (2013)
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European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), 'Antisemitism summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2003-2013' (2014)
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European Comission - Justice and Consumers, 'Annual Report 2017 on the list of actions to advance LGBTI equality: Leading by example' (2018)
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European Commission, 'Guidance Note on the practical application of the EU Framework Decision' (2018)
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'Annual report on ECRI’s activities' (2018), Strasbourg: ECRI Secretariat
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on Austria (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on the Czech Republic (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'Annual report on ECRI’s activities' (2017), Strasbourg: ECRI Secretariat
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), 'ECRI Report on Estonia (fifth monitoring cycle)' (2015), ECRI Secretariat, Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance [ECRI], 'Third report on Italy' (2006), Strasbourg: Council of Europe
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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance [ECRI], 'ECRI Report on Germany (fourth monitoring cycle)' (2009), Strasbourg: Council of Europe
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European Court of Human Rights, 'Factsheet – Hate speech' (2018), Council of Europe
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European Jewish Congress, Secretariat and Member of the Advisory Board of the European Parliament Working Group on Antisemitism, 'Antisemitic incidents report: April – November 2016' (2016)
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European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 'Antisemitism – Overview of data available in the European Union 2004-2014' (2015)
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