Publications: Defining hate crime

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Madukwe, K.J. & Gao, X., 'The Thin Line Between Hate and Profanity' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11919 LNAI, pp. 344-356
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Malik, M., '‘Racist crime’: Racially aggravated offences in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Part II' (1999), Modern Law Review, 62(3), pp.409-424
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Mason, G., 'A picture of hate crime: Racial and homophobic harassment in the United Kingdom' (2005), Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 17(1), pp.79
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Mason, G., 'Body maps: Envisaging homophobia, violence and safety' (2001), Social and Legal Studies, 10(1), pp.23-44
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Mason, G., 'Hate crime' (2008), in Anthony, T. & Cunneen, C. (2008) The Critical Criminology Companion. Hawkins Press.

May, L. & Strikwerda, R., 'Men in groups: Collective responsibility for rape' (1994), Hypatia, 9(2), pp.134-151
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McDevitt, J. & Iwama, J.A., 'Challenges in measuring and understanding hate crime' (2016), in T.S. Bynum & B.M. Huebner (Eds.), The handbook of measurement issues in criminology and criminal justice, pp.131-159
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McDevitt, J., Levin, J. & Bennett, S., 'Hate crime offenders: An expanded typology' (2002), Journal of Social Issues, 58(2), pp.303-317
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McDonald, D., 'The politics of hate crime: Neoliberal vigilance, vigilantism and the question of paedophilia' (2014), International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 3(1), pp.68-80
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McPhail, B.A., 'Hating hate: Policy implications of hate crime legislation' (2000), Social Service Review, 74(4), pp.635-653
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Medoff, M.H., 'Allocation of time and hateful behavior: A theoretical and positive analysis of hate and hate crimes' (1999), The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 58(4), pp.959-973
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Mellos, S.R., '‘Defining and recognising are not the same’: Challenges to tackling hate crime in a performance culture' (2009), British Journal of Community Justice, 7(3)
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Meyer, D., 'Resisting hate crime discourse: Queer and intersectional challenges to neoliberal hate crime laws' (2014), Critical Criminology, 22(1), pp.113-125
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Miller, S., 'Freedom of Political Communication, Propaganda and the Role of Epistemic Institutions in Cyberspace' (2020), International Library of Ethics, Law and Technology, 21, pp. 227-243
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Miller, A.J., 'Student perceptions of hate crimes' (2001), American Journal of Criminal Justice, 25(2), pp.293-307
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Moschel, M., 'Race in mainland European legal analysis: Towards a European critical race theory' (2011), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34(10), pp.1648-1664
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Murphy, J.G., 'A word on behalf of good haters' (2016), The Hedgehog Review, 18(2)
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Nadal, K.L., Whitman, C.N., Davis, L.S., Erazo, T. & Davidoff, K.C., 'Microaggressions toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and genderqueer people: A review of the literature' (2016), Journal of Sex Research, 53(4-5), pp.488-508
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Nagesh, R., 'Hate crime' (2016), Criminal Bar Quarterly, 3(Aut), pp.9-11
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Nearpass, G.R., 'The overlooked constitutional objection and practical concerns to penalty-enhancement provisions of hate crime legislation' (2002), Albany Law Review, 66(2), pp.547-574
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Niemann, M., Riehle, D.M., Brunk, J. & Becker, J., 'What Is Abusive Language?: Integrating Different Views on Abusive Language for Machine Learning' (2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12021 LNCS, pp. 59-73
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Nolan III, James J., McDevitt, J., Cronin, S. & Farrell, A., 'Learning to see hate crimes: A framework for understanding and clarifying ambiguities in hate crime classification' (2004), Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society, 17(1), pp.91-105
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Nugent, S., Wilkie, M. & Iredale, R., 'Racist violence' (1989), Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology
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Onetto, F.M.C., 'Towards A Reconceptualization of Street Harassment | [Hacia Una Reconceptualización del Acoso Callejero]' (2019), Revista Estudos Feministas, 27(3), e57206
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Opotow, S. & McClelland, S.I., 'The intensification of hating: A theory' (2007), Social Justice Research, 20(1), pp.68-97
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Paasch-Colberg, S., Strippel, C., Trebbe, J. & Emmer, M., 'From insult to hate speech: Mapping offensive language in German user comments on immigration' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 171-180
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Pathak, M.K. & Rai, S., 'Mob Lynching: A New Form of Hate Crime' (2020), Medico-Legal Update, 20(3), pp. 135-141
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Pavlides, G., 'Expression and Its Limits: Hate Speech in Cyprus Public Television (CyBC). Interview Given by the Singer Notis Sfakianakis on the CyBC Programme ‘Tête-à-Tête’' (2019), Cyprus Review, 31(2), pp. 191-205
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Perry, J., 'A shared global perspective on hate crime?' (2016), Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27(6), pp.610-626
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Perry, B., 'Where do we go from here? Researching hate crime' (2003), Internet Journal of Criminology
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Perry, B., 'A crime by any other name: The semantics of hate' (2005), Journal of Hate Studies, 4(1), pp. 121-137
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Perry, B., 'In the name of hate: Understanding hate crimes' (2001), New York: Routledge.

Perry, B., 'Counting – and countering – hate crime in Europe' (2010), European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 18(4), pp.349-367
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Perry, B. & Scrivens, R., 'White Pride Worldwide: Constructing global identities online' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.65-78), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Perry, B. (ed.), 'Hate and bias crime: A reader' (2003), New York: Routledge.

Perry, J., '‘The international normative framework on hate crime reporting, recording and data collection: progress, gaps and opportunities’' (2019), Facing all the Facts [online]
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Phillips, S. & Grattet, R., 'Judicial rhetoric, meaning-making, and the institutionalization of hate crime law' (2000), Law and Society Review, 34(3), pp.567-606
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Pickles, J., 'LGBT hate crime: Promoting a queer agenda for hate crime scholarship' (2019), Journal of Hate Studies, 15(1), pp. 39-61
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Rankin, S.K., 'Invidious deliberation: The problem of congressional bias in federal hate crime legislation' (2014), Rutgers Law Review, 66(3), pp.563-627
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Ray, L. & Smith, D., 'Racist offenders and the politics of ‘hate crime’' (2001), Law and Critique, 12(3), pp.203-221
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Richardson, L., Beadle-Brown, J., Bradshaw, J., Guest, C., Malovic, A. & Himmerich, J., 'I felt that I deserved it – Experiences and implications of disability hate crime (Article)' (2016), Tizard Learning Disability Review, 21(2), pp.80-88
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Rogers, M., 'Breaking down barriers: Exploring the potential for social care practice with trans survivors of domestic abuse' (2016), Health and Social Care in the Community, 24(1), pp.68-76
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Rosga, A.J., 'Deadly words: State power and the entanglement of speech and violence in hate crime' (2001), Law and Critique, 12(3), pp.223-252
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Roulstone, A., Thomas, P. & Balderston, S., 'Between hate and vulnerability: Unpacking the British criminal justice system’s construction of disablist hate crime' (2011), Disability & Society, 26(3), pp.351-364
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Rumenjak, N., 'Freedom of Expression in Multicultural Societies: Political Cartooning in Europe in the Modern and Postmodern Eras' (2019), Empedocles, 10(2), pp. 167-189
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Schweppe, J., 'What is a hate crime?' (2021), Cogent Social Sciences, 7(1),1902643
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Shakespeare, T., 'Blaming the victim: Disability hate crime' (2012), The Lancet: London
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Sponholz, L., 'Der Begriff „Hate Speech“ in der Deutschsprachigen Forschung. Eine Empirische Begriffsanalyse [The Concept “Hate Speech” in German-speaking Research. An Empirical Conceptual Analysis]' (2020), SWS-Rundschau 1, pp. 45-63 [in German only]
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Stacey, M., 'The effect of law on hate crime reporting: The case of racial and ethnic violence' (2015), American Journal of Criminal Justice
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Stanko, E.A., 'Re-conceptualising the policing of hatred: Confessions and worrying dilemmas of a consultant' (2001), Law and Critique, 12(3), pp.309-329
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