Publications: Cyber hate (online hate crime)

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Geschke, D., Klassen, A., Quent, M. & Richter, C., '#Hass Im Netz: Der Schleichende Angriff Auf Unsere Demokratie – Eine Bundesweite Untersuchung [#Online Hate: The Stealthy Attack on Our Democracy – a Nationwide Study]' (2019), Institut für Demokratie und Zivilgesellschaft Jena [online] (in German only)
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Gilden, A., 'Cyberbullying and the innocence narrative' (2013), Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review. 48(2), pp.357-407
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Global Forum for Combating Antisemitism, 'Measuring the hate: The state of Antisemitism in social media' (2016)
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Grassie, G., 'Control of content on social media – Technology as judge, jury and executioner?' (2017), Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 12(7), pp.533-534
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Guichard, A., 'Hate crime in cyberspace: The challenges of substantive criminal law' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.201-234
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Hardaker, C. & McGlashan, M., '“Real men don’t hate women”: Twitter rape threats and group identity' (2015), Journal of Pragmatics, 91, pp.80-93
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Harindranath, R., 'Malign images, malevolent networks: Social media, extremist violence and public anxieties' (2017), in E. Martellozzo & E.A. Jane (Eds.), Cybercrime and its victims (Chapter 8). Oxon, New York: Routledge
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Harris, C., Rowbotham, J. & Stevenson, K., 'Truth, law and hate in the virtual marketplace of ideas: perspectives on the regulation of Internet content' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.155-184
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Hatakka, N., 'Expose, debunk, ridicule, resist! Networked civic monitoring of populist radical right online action in Finland' (2019), Information, Communication & Society [online]
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Henry, J.S., 'Beyond free speech: Novel approaches to hate on the Internet in the United States' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.235-251
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Henry, J.S., 'Bias-based cyberbullying: The next hate crime frontier?' (2013), Criminal Law Bulletin-Boston, 49, pp.481-503
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Home Office, 'Hate crime: Abuse, hate and extremism online' (2017)
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House of Commons, 'Hate crime: Abuse, hate and extremism online Fourteenth Report of Session 2016-17' (2017), Home Affairs Committee
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House of Commons, 'Online abuse and the experience of disabled people: Draft recommendations for consultation' (2018)
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ICCA Combating Antisemitism, 'Task force on internet hate: Report and recommendations of the co-chairs' (2013)
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International Centre for the Prevention of Crime, '6th International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety: Preventing Cybercrime' (2018), ICPC [online]
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Iosifidis, P. & Andrews, L., 'Regulating the internet intermediaries in a post-truth world: Beyond media policy?' (2019), International Communication Gazette
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Jane, E.A., 'Gendered cyberhate, victim-blaming, and why the internet is more like driving a car on a road than being naked in the snow' (2017), in E. Martellozzo & E.A. Jane (Eds.), Cybercrime and its victims (Chapter 3). Oxon, New York: Routledge
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Jiang, S., Robertson, R.E., Wilson, C., 'Bias Misperceived: The Role of Partisanship and Misinformation in YouTube Comment Moderation' (2019), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2019, pp. 278-289
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Jourová, V., 'Code of Conduct on countering illegal hate speech online – Results of the 3rd monitoring exercise' (2018), Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers
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Kaakinen, M., Räsänen, P., Näsi, M., Minkkinen, J., Keipi, T. & Oksanen, A., 'Social capital and online hate production: A four country survey' (2017), Crime, Law and Social Change, 69(1), pp.25-39
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Kaplan, J., 'Islamophobia in America?: September 11 and Islamophobic hate crime' (2006), Terrorism and Political Violence, 18(1), pp.1-33
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Keipi, T., Näsi, M., Oksanen, A. & Räsänen, P., 'Online hate and harmful content: Cross-national perspectives' (2017), Oxon, UK; New York, NY: Routledge

Keipi, T., Räsänen, P., Oksanen, A., Hawdon, J. & Näsi, M., 'Exposure to online hate material and subjective well-being: A comparative study of American and Finnish youth' (2018), Online Information Review, 42(1), pp.2-15
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Kennedy, B., Kogon, D., Coombs, K., Hoover, J., Park, C., Portillo-Wightman, G., Davani, A.I., Atari, M., Dehghan, M.i, 'A typology and coding manual for the study of hate-based rhetoric' (2018), University of Southern California
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KhosraviNik, M. & Esposito, E, 'Online hate, digital discourse and critique: Exploring digitally-mediated discursive practices of gender-based hostility' (2018), Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14(1), pp. 45-68
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Kilvington, D. & Price, J., 'From backstage to frontstage: Exploring football and the growing problem of online abuse' (2019), in S. Lawrence & G. Crawford (Eds.), Digital football cultures: Fandom, identities and resistance (Chapter 5). Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge
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Kohl, U., 'Islamophobia, “gross offensiveness” and the internet' (2018), Information & Communications Technology Law, 27(1), pp.111-131
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Kopytowska, M., Grabowski, L. & Wozniak, J., 'Mobilizing against the Other: Cyberhate, refugee crisis and proximization' (2017), in M. Kopytowska (Ed.), Contemporary discourses of hate and radicalism across space and genres. John Benjamins Publishing Company.
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Kumbrián, R.D.T. & Viejo, J.M.P., 'Hate Speech: Community Social Intervention in Social Networks From the Municipality (Discurso Del Odio: Intervención Social Comunitario en Las Redes Sociales Desde El Municipio)' (2019), Sistema, 255, pp. 69-84
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Kwon, K.H., Chadha, M. & Wang, F., 'Proximity and networked news public: Structural topic modeling of global Twitter conversations about the 2017 Quebec mosque shooting' (2019), International Journal of Communication, 13, pp. 2652-2675
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Law Commission, 'Offensive and abusive online communications – Summary of scoping Report' (2018)
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Lee-Won, R.J., White, T.N., Song, H., Lee, J.Y. & Smith, M.R., '‘Source magnification of cyberhate: affective and cognitive effects of multiple-source hate messages on target group members’' (2019), Media Psychology [online]
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Levin, B., 'The original web of hate: Revolution Muslim and American homegrown extremists' (2015), American Behavioral Scientist, 59(12), pp.1609-1630
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Lumsden, K. & Morgan, H.M., 'Cyber-trolling as symbolic violence: Deconstructing gendered abuse online' (2018), In N. Lombard (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of gender and violence (pp.121-132). London: Routledge

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Mathew, B., Dutt, R., Goyal, P. & Mukherjee, A., 'Spread of Hate Speech in Online Social Media' (2019), WebSci 2019 - Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Web Science, pp. 173-182
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Mathew, B., Saha, P., Tharad, H., Rajgaria, S., Singhania, P., Maity, S. K., Goyal, P., & Mukherjee, A., 'Thou Shalt Not Hate: Countering Online Hate Speech' (2019), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2019, pp. 369-380
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McIlroy-Young, R., Anderson, A., 'From “Welcome New Gabbers” to the Pittsburgh Synagogue Shooting: The Evolution of Gab' (2019), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2019, pp. 651-654
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Meddaugh, P.M. & Kay, J., 'Hate speech or “reasonable racism?” The other in Stormfront' (2009), Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 24(4), pp.251-268
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Meza, R., Vincze, H.O. & Mogoş, A., 'Targets of online hate speech in context: A comparative digital social science analysis of comments on Public Facebook Pages from Romania and Hungary' (2018), Intersections (Hungary), 4(4), pp. 26-50
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Mikhaeil, C.A. & Baskerville, R.L., 'An identity driven escalation of commitment to negative spillovers' (2018), Thirty eighth International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Seoul 2017: Transforming Society with Digital Innovation
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Mills, C.E., Joshua D. F., Chermak, S.M., Holt, T.J. & LaFree, G., 'Social Learning and Social Control in the Off- and Online Pathways to Hate Crime and Terrorist Violence' (2019), Studies in Conflict & Terrorism [online]
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Miró-Llinares, F., Moneva, A. & Esteve, M., 'Hate is in the air! But where? Introducing an algorithm to detect hate speech in digital microenvironments' (2018), Crime Sci 7(15)
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Mossie, Z. & Wang, J.-H., 'Vulnerable Community Identification Using Hate Speech Detection on Social Media' (2019), Information Processing and Management [online]
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Müller, K. & Schwarz, C., 'Making America hate again? Twitter and hate crime under Trump' (2018), SSRN
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Nadim, M., Fladmoe, A., 'Silencing Women? Gender and Online Harassment' (2019), Social Science Computer Review [online]
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Napieralski, A., 'War of the internet users – “the hate” in internet communication' (2019), Linguistica, 58(1), pp.173-187
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Narain, S., 'Social media, violence and the law: “Objectionable material” and the changing contours of hate speech regulation in India' (2018), Culture Unbound, 10(3), pp. 388-404
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Ombui, E., Karani, M. & Muchemi, L., 'Annotation Framework for Hate Speech Identification in Tweets: Case Study of Tweets During Kenyan Elections' (2019), 2019 IST-Africa Week Conference [online]
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, 'Online hate speech: A survey on personal experiences and exposure among adult New Zealanders' (2018), Available at SSRN
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