Publications: Law and hate crime

B

Brax, D., 'Motives, reasons, and responsibility in hate/bias crime legislation' (2016), Criminal Justice Ethics [online], pp.1-19
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Brax, D. & Munthe, C., 'The philosophical aspects of hate crime and hate crime legislation: Introducing the special section on the philosophy of hate crime' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1687-1695
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Breen, D. & Nel, J.A., 'South Africa – A home for all? The need for hate crime legislation' (2011), South African Crime Quarterly, 38
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Brennan, F., 'Punishing Islamophobic hostility: Are any lessons to be learned from racially hostile crimes?' (2003), Journal of Civil Liberties, 8(1), pp.28-50
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Brennan, F., 'Racially motivated crime: The response of the criminal justice system' (1999), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.17-28
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Brennan, F., 'Legislating against internet race hate' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.123-153
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Brennan, F., 'www.hatecrime.co Laws uncritical engagement' (2009), Information & Communications Technology Law, 18(2), pp.75-78
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Bronitt, S. & McSherry, B., 'Public order' (2010), in Principles of Criminal Law (3rd ed.). Thomson Reuters.
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Brooks, T.D., 'First Amendment-penalty enhancement for hate crimes: Content regulation, questionable state interests and non-traditional sentencing' (1994), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 84(4), pp.703-742
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Brown, C., 'Legislating against hate crime in New Zealand: The need to recognise gender-based violence' (2004), Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, 35(3), pp.591-608
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Brown, A., 'The “who?” question in the hate speech debate: Part 1: Consistency, practical, and formal approaches' (2016), Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, 29(2), pp. 275-320
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Brown, A., 'Hate speech law: A philosophical examination' (2015), New York: Routledge.
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Brown, A. & Sinclair, A., 'The Politics of Hate Speech Laws' (2019), London: Routledge
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Brudholm, T., 'Hate crimes and human rights violations' (2014), Journal of Applied Philosophy
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Brudholm, T. & Schepelern Johansen, B. (Eds.), 'Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate' (2018), New York, NY: Oxford University Press
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Bull Kovera, M., 'Implications of automatic and controlled processes in stereotyping for hate crime perpetration and litigation Margaret Bull Kovera' (2007), Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making, pp.227-246
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Bunar, N., 'Hate crimes against immigrants in Sweden and community responses' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.166-181
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Burney, E., 'Using the law on racially aggravated offences' (2003), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.28-36

Burney, E. & Rose, G., 'Racist offences – how is the law working?: The implementation of the legislation on racially aggravated offences in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998' (2002), Home Office Research Study 244. London: Home Office
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Burt, C.H., Simons, R.L. & Gibbons, F.X., 'Racial discrimination, ethnic-racial socialization, and crime: A micro-sociological model of risk and resilience' (2012), American Sociological Review, 77(4), pp.648-677
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C

Cabeldue, M. K., Cramer, R. J., Kehn, A., Crosby, J. W. & Anastasi, J. S., 'Measuring attitudes about hate: Development of the hate crime beliefs scale' (2016), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, pp.1-30
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Camden Council, '“Camden: No place for hate”: An executive summary report on hate crime in Camden' (2015)
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Campo-Engelstein, L., 'Rape as a hate crime: An analysis of New York law' (2016), Hypatia, 31(1), pp.91-106
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Carr, J., Haynes, A. & Schweppe, J., 'Hate crime: An overview of significance and relevance to Irish sociology' (2017), Irish Journal of Sociology, 25(1), pp.73-83
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Chakraborti, N., 'Re-thinking hate crime: Fresh challenges for policy and practice' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1738-1754
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Chakraborti, N., 'Hate crime: Concepts, policy and future directions' (2010), Devon: Willan Publishing

Chakraborti, N., & Garland, J., 'Hate crime: Impact, causes and responses' (2009), UK: SAGE Publications

Chalmers, J. & Leverick, F., 'A comparative analysis of hate crime legislation: A report to the Hate Crime Legislation Review' (2017), University of Glasgow
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Chapman, A., 'Sexuality and workplace oppression' (1995), Melbourne University Law Review, 20(2), pp.311-349
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Chapman, A., 'The messages of subordination contained in anti-discrimination statutes' (1997), in Mason, G. & Tomsen, S. (eds.) Homophobic Violence. Australia: Hawkins Press.

Chapman, A. & Kelly, K., 'Australian anti-vilification law: A discussion of the public/private divide and the work relations context' (2005), Sydney Law Review, 27(2), pp.203-236
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Chin, G.J., 'Race and the disappointing right to counsel' (2013), Yale Law Journal, 122(8), pp.2236-2259
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Chorbs, C., 'The danger of federalizing hate crimes: Congressional misconceptions and the unintended consequences of the Hate Crimes Prevention Act' (2001), Virginia Law Review, 87(2), pp.319-379
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Chow, R., 'Inciting hatred or merely engaging in religious debate? The need for religious vilification laws' (2005), Alternative Law Journal, 30(3), pp.120-145
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Coche, E., 'Privatised Enforcement and the Right to Freedom of Expression in a World Confronted With Terrorism Propaganda Online' (2018), Internet Policy Review, 7(4)
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Coester, M., 'Commentary: Right-wing extremism and bias crime in Germany' (2010), Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 8(1), pp.49-69
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Cogan, J.C. & Marcus-Newhall, A., 'Hate crimes: Research, policy and action. Introduction' (2002), American Behavioral Scientist, 46(1), pp.8-13
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Coker, C.T., 'Hope-fulfilling or effectively chilling? Reconciling the Hate Crimes Prevention Act with the First Amendment' (2011), Vanderbilt Law Review, 64(1)
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College of Policing, 'Hate crime operational guide' (2014)
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Collier, L.M., 'College campus hate speech codes: A personal view from an absolute perspective' (1995), Howard Journal of Communications, 5(4), pp.263-278
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Cossman, B., 'Gender identity, gender pronouns, and freedom of expression: Bill C-16 and the traction of specious legal claims' (2018), University of Toronto Law Journal, 68(1), pp.37-79
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Coussey, M., 'Legal responses to racially motivated hate crimes' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.32-33
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Cowdery, N., 'Review of law of vilification: Criminal aspects' (2009), Hate Crime and Vilification Law Roundtable, Sydney Institute of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, 28 August 2009.
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Cramer, R.J., Chandler, J.F. & Wakeman, E.E., 'Blame attribution as a moderator of perceptions of sexual orientation-based hate crimes' (2010), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(5), pp.848-862
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Cramer, R.J., Laxton, K.L., Chandler, J.F., Kehn, A., Bate, B.P. & Clark, J.W., 'Political identity, type of victim, and hate crime-related beliefs as predictors of views concerning hate crime penalty enhancement laws' (2017), Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy [online]
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Cronin, S., McDevitt, J., Farrell, A., & Nolan, J.J., 'Bias-crime reporting: Organizational responses to ambiguity, uncertainty, and infrequency in eight police departments' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.213-225,227-231
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Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), 'Hate crime report: 2014/2015 and 2015/16' (2016)
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Cunneen, C. & de Rome, L., 'The monitoring by police of racist violence in the community' (1995), in Egger, S.J. & Chappell, D. (eds.) Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives 2

D

Demaske, C., 'Social Justice, Recognition Theory and the First Amendment: A New Approach to Hate Speech Restriction' (2019), Communication Law and Policy, 24(3), pp. 347-401
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Dharmapala, D., Garoupa, N. & McAdams Richard, H., 'Belief in a just world, blaming the victim, and hate crime statutes' (2009), Review of Law & Economics, 5(1), pp.311-345
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