Publications

C

Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crime annual report 2016 –17' (2017)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate Crime Annual Report 2017-18' (2018)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crimes and crimes against older people report 2011-2012' (2013)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crime report 2008-2009' (2009)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crime report 2007-2008' (2008)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crime and crimes against older people report 2012-2013' (2014)
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Crown Prosecution Service, 'Hate crime and crimes against older people report 2010-2011' (2012)
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Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), 'Hate crime report: 2014/2015 and 2015/16' (2016)
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Cruz, R.M.O., de Sousa, W.V. & Cavalcanti, G.D.C., 'Selecting and combining complementary feature representations and classifiers for hate speech detection' (2022), Online Social Networks and Media, 28, 100194
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CST & Tell MAMA, 'Hate crime: A guide for those affected' (2017), Community Security Trust, Tell MAMA, The Crown Prosecution Service and the Department for Communities and Local Government
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CST - Protecting Our Jewish Community, 'Antisemitic Incidents Report, January–June 2016' (2016)
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CST - Protecting our Jewish Community, 'Antisemitic incidents report: January – June 2017' (2017)
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Cuerden, G., 'Official crime statistics: The dark figure of hate crime in Wales' (2017), Australasian Policing, 9(1), pp.17-19
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Cuerden, G. & Rogers, C., 'Exploring race hate crime reporting in Wales following Brexit' (2017), Review of European Studies, 9(1), pp.158-164
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Cuevas, C.A., Farrell, A., McDevitt, J., Robles, J., Lockwood, S., Geisler, I., Westendorp, J.V., Temple, J. & Zhang, S., 'Hate Crime and Bias Victimization of Latinx Adults: Rates From a Multisite Community Sample' (2021), Psychology of Violence, 11(6), pp. 529-538
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Culotta, K. A., 'Why victims hate to report: Factors affecting victim reporting in hate crime cases in Chicago' (2005), Kriminologija & Socijalna Integracija, 13(2), pp.15-27
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Culpeper, J., Iganski, P. & Sweiry, A., 'Linguistic impoliteness and religiously aggravated hate crime in England and Wales' (2017), Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict, 5(1), pp. 1-29
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Culpepper, J., 'Impoliteness and hate speech: Compare and contrast' (2021), Journal of Pragmatics [online]
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Cunneen, C., 'A study of Aboriginal juveniles and police violence: Report commissioned by the National Inquiry into Racist Violence' (1990)

Cunneen, C., 'Hysteria and hate: The vilification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people' (1997), in Cunneen, C., Fraser, D. & Tomsen, S. (eds.) Faces of Hate: Hate Crime in Australia. Sydney: Hawkins Press.

Cunneen, C. & de Rome, L., 'Monitoring hate crime: Report on a pilot project in New South Wales' (1993), Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 5, pp.160-172
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Cunneen, C. & de Rome, L., 'The monitoring by police of racist violence in the community' (1995), in Egger, S.J. & Chappell, D. (eds.) Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives 2

Cunneen, C. & Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC), 'Aboriginal-police relations in Redfern: With special reference to the ‘Police Raid’ of 8 February 1990' (1990)

Cunneen, C. & White, R., 'Ethnic minority young people' (2002), in Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia.

Cunneen, C., de Rome, L. & Race Discrimination Commissioner, 'Monitoring hate crimes: A report on the Community Relations Strategy Data Project (HREOC)' (1994)

Cunneen, C., de Rome, L. & Race Discrimination Commissioner, 'Monitoring hate crimes: A draft report on the Community Relations Strategy Data Project' (1994), Monitoring Hate Crimes: A Report on the Community Relations Strategy Data Project (HREOC)

Cunneen, C., de Rome, L. & Race Discrimination Commissioner, 'Monitoring hate crimes: A summary and update' (1994)

Cunneen, C., Fraser, D. & Tomsen, S. (eds.), 'Faces of hate: Hate crime in Australia' (1997), Sydney: Hawkins Press.

Cunningham, D., 'Differentiating hate: Threat and opportunity as drivers of organization vs action' (2018), Sociological Research Online, 23(2), pp.507-517.
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Cunningham Breede, D., Davis, C. S. & Warren-Findlow, J., 'Absence, revision, and the other: Rhetorics of South Carolina antebellum tourism sites' (2016), Journal of Hate Studies, 13(1), pp. 17-42
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Curthoys, A., 'The volatility of racism in Australia' (2007), in Gelber, K. & Stone, A. (eds.) Hate Speech and Freedom of Speech in Australia. The Federation Press.

Curtis, D.S., Smith, K.R., Chae, D.H., Washburn, T., Lee, H., Kim, J. & Kramer, M.R., 'Highly public anti-Black violence and preterm birth odds for Black and White mothers' (2022), SSM - Population Health, 18, 101112
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Curtis, D.S., Washburn, T., Lee, H., Smith, K.R., Kim, J., Martz, C.D., Kramer, M.R. & Chae, D.H., 'Highly public anti-Black violence is associated with poor mental health days for Black Americans' (2021), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118(17), e2019624118
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Cviklova, L., 'Direct and indirect racial discrimination of Roma people in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and the Russian Federation' (2015), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(12), pp.2140-2155

Czymara, C.S., Dochow-Sondershaus, S., Drouhot, L.G., Simsek, M. & Spörlein, C., 'Catalyst of hate? Ethnic insulting on YouTube in the aftermath of terror attacks in France, Germany and the United Kingdom 2014–2017' (2022), Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies [online]
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D

D'Alessio, S.D., Stolzenberg, L. & Eitle, D. , 'The effect of racial threat on interracial and intraracial crimes' (2002), Social Science Research, 31(3), p.392–408
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D'Sa, A.G., Illina, I. & Fohr, D., 'BERT and fastText Embeddings for Automatic Detection of Toxic Speech' (2020), Proceedings of 2020 International Multi-Conference on: Organization of Knowledge and Advanced Technologies, OCTA 2020, 9151853
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da Silva, F.L.V. & de Freitas, L.A., 'Brazilian Portuguese Hate Speech Classification using BERTimbau' (2022), Proceedings of the International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, FLAIRS, 35
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da Silva, R., Ventura, J.P., de Carvalho, C.M. & Barbosa, M.R., '“From street soldiers to political soldiers”: assessing how extreme right violence has been criminalised in Portugal' (2022), Critical Studies on Terrorism [online]
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Da Silva, S.C., Ferreira, T.C., Ramos, R.M.S. & Paraboni, I., 'Data-Driven and Psycholinguistics-Motivated Approaches to Hate Speech Detection' (2020), Computacion y Sistemas, 24(3), pp. 1179-1188
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Dabinderjit Singh, Randeep Singh & Jas Singh, 'UK Sikh Survey 2016 – Findings' (2016), The Sikh Network
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Dadico, C.M., 'Epidemics, pandemics, and hatred: Paths to the governmentality of the covid-19 pandemic | [Epidemias, pandemias e o ódio: Caminhos para a governamentalidade da pandemia da covid-19]' (2020), Publicum, 6(1), pp. 70-93
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Daftary, A.-M., Devereux, P. & Elliott, M., 'Discrimination, Depression, and Anxiety Among College Women in the Trump Era' (2020), Journal of Gender Studies [online]
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Dagar, M., Kajal, A. & Bhatia, P., 'Twitter Sentiment Analysis using Supervised Machine Learning Techniques' (2021), 2021 5th International Conference on Information Systems and Computer Networks, ISCON 2021
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Dahiya, S., Sharma, S., Sahnan, D., Goel V., Chouzenoux E., Elvira V., Majumdar A., Bandhakavi, A. & Chakraborty, T., 'Would Your Tweet Invoke Hate on the Fly? Forecasting Hate Intensity of Reply Threads on Twitter' (2021), Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, pp. 2732-2742
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Dahmer, A., 'Pagans, Nazis, Gaels, and the Algiz Rune: Addressing Questions of Historical Inaccuracy, Cultural Appropriation, and the Arguable Use of Hate Symbols at the Festivals of Edinburgh’s Beltane Fire Society' (2019), Temenos, 55(1), pp. 137-155
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Dale, S.K., Bogart, L.M., Galvan, F.H., Wagner, G.J., Pantalone, D.W. & Klein, D.J., 'Discrimination and hate crimes in the context of neighborhood poverty and stressors among HIV-positive African-American men who have sex with men' (2015), Journal of Community Health, 40(6), pp.1-10
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Dalgaard-Nielsen, A. & Ilum, J., 'Promoting disengagement from violent extremism in Scandinavia: What, who, how?' (2020), in S.J. Hansen & S. Lid (Eds) Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement (pp. 242-255), London: Routledge
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Dalle Carbonare, M., Promod, P. & Komath, D., 'Maxillofacial Trauma in Ethnic Minorities: Has Brexit Promoted an Increase in Violence and Discrimination?' (2020), British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery [online]
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Daly, K., 'Calls for better leadership' (2006), Kalgoorlie Miner (Kalgoorlie)

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