Publications

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Reid, S.F. & Smith, R.G., 'Regulating racial hatred' (1998), Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 79, pp.1-6
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Reidpath, D.D. & Diamond, M.R., 'Models of inter-racial offending: An evaluation' (1998), Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 31(1), pp.27-37
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Reilly, A. & Johnson, K.K.P., 'Dress, body and experiences of victimization' (2017), Fashion, Style and Popular Culture, 4(3), pp.403-416
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Reisner, S.L., Hughto, J.M.W., Dunham, E.E., Heflin, K.J., Begenyi, J.B.G., Coffey-Esquivel, J. & Cahill, S., 'Legal protections in public accommodations settings: A critical public health issue for transgender and gender-nonconforming people' (2015), Milbank Quarterly, 93(3), pp.484-515
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Reitz, C., 'Herbert Marcuse Today: On Ecological Destruction, Neofascism, White Supremacy, Hate Speech, Racist Police Killings, and the Radical Goals of Socialism' (2021), Theory, Culture and Society [online]
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Rekker, R. & Van Spanje, J., 'Hate Speech Prosecution of Politicians and its Effect on Support for the Legal System and Democracy' (2020), British Journal of Political Science [online]
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Relia, K., Li, Z., Cook, S.H., Chunara, R., 'Race, Ethnicity and National Origin-Based Discrimination in Social Media and Hate Crimes Across 100 U.S. Cities' (2019), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2019, pp. 417-427
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Remedios, J.D. & Snyder, S.H., 'How women of color detect and respond to multiple forms of prejudice' (2015), Sex Roles
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Ren, J. & Feagin, J., 'Face Mask Symbolism in Anti-Asian Hate Crimes' (2020), Ethnic and Racial Studies [online]
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Ren, Z. & Hood, R.W. Jr., 'Internalized homophobia scale for gay Chinese men: Conceptualization, factor structure, reliability, and associations with hypothesized correlates' (2018), American Journal of Men's Health [online], pp.1-10
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Renshaw, D., 'Prejudice and paranoia: A comparative study of antisemitism and Sinophobia in turn-of-the-century Britain' (2016), Patterns of Prejudice, 50(1), pp.38-60
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Renton, D., 'No Free Speech for Fascists: Exploring ‘No Platform’ in History, Law and Politics' (2021), London: Routledge
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Reventlow, N.J., Penney, J., Johnson, A., Junco, R., Tilton, C., Coyer, K., Dad, N., Chaudhri, A., Mutung’u, G., Benesch, S., Lombana-Bermudez, A., Noman, H., Albert, K., Sterzing, A., Oberholzer-Gee, F., Melas, H., Zuleta, L., Kargar, S., Matias, J.N., Bourassa, N. & Gasser, U., 'Perspectives on harmful speech online' (2017), Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society Research Publication
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Reynolds, H., 'Violence in Australian history' (1991), in Chappell, D., Grabosky, P. & Strang, H. (eds.) Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology
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Reynolds, L. & Parker, L., 'Digital resilience: Stronger citizens online' (2018), Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD)
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Reza El Akbar, R., Shofa, R.N., Paripurna, M.I. & Supratman, 'The Implementation of Naïve Bayes Algorithm for Classifying Tweets Containing Hate Speech with Political Motive' (2019), ICSECC 2019 - International Conference on Sustainable Engineering and Creative Computing: New Idea, New Innovation Proceedings, 8907208, pp. 144-148
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Ribeiro, M.H., Ottoni, R., West, R., Almeida, V.A.F. & Wagner Meira, W.M., 'Auditing Radicalization Pathways on YouTube' (2020), FAT* 2020 - Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency, pp. 131-141
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Rice, S., 'The missing words' (1995), Alternative Law Journal, 20(6), 304

Rich, D., 'Global antisemitism' (2014), in Hall, N., Corb, A., Giannasi, P. & Grieve, J. (eds.) (2014) The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime. London: Routledge

Richard, A., 'Russian nationalism and ethnic violence: Symbolic violence, lynching, pogrom, and massacre' (2016), Abingdon; New York: Routledge

Richardson, J., 'Roma in the news: An examination of media and political discourse and what needs to change ' (2014), People, Place and Policy, 8(1), pp.51-64
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Richardson, N., 'Doubts linger over racial attitudes' (1995), 116(5974) Bulletin 20

Richardson, J. & Codona, J., 'Blame and fear: Roma in the UK in a changing Europe' (2018), Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 26(1), pp.95-112
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Richardson, L., Beadle-Brown, J., Bradshaw, J., Guest, C., Malovic, A. & Himmerich, J., 'I felt that I deserved it – Experiences and implications of disability hate crime (Article)' (2016), Tizard Learning Disability Review, 21(2), pp.80-88
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Richardson-Self, L., 'Cis-Hetero-Misogyny Online' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Ricketson, M., 'Slaying the dragons of racism' (1991), Time Australia, 17, 50

Rieger, D., Kümpel, A.S., Wich, M., Kiening, T. & Groh, G., 'Assessing the Extent and Types of Hate Speech in Fringe Communities: A Case Study of Alt-Right Communities on 8chan, 4chan, and Reddit' (2021), Social Media and Society, 7(4)
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Riggle, E.D.B., Rostosky, S.S. & Horne, S., 'Does it matter where you live? Nondiscrimination laws and the experiences of LGB residents' (2010), Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 7(3), pp.168-175
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Right Side - Human Rights Defender NGO, 'Hate crimes and other hate motivated incidents against trans people in Armenia 2016-2017 report' (2018)
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Rimmer, M., 'The black label: Trade mark dilution, culture jamming and the no logo movement' (2008), SCRIPT-ed, 5(1), pp.70-136
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Ringnalda, A. & Kool, R., 'The prosecution of bias crime in the Netherlands and the problem of net-widening: Fundamental limits to criminal liability' (2012), Crime Law and Social Change, 58(1), pp.53-74
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Rini, Utami, E. & Hartanto, A.D., 'Systematic Literature Review of Hate Speech Detection with Text Mining' (2020), 2020 2nd International Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent System, ICORIS 2020, 9320755
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Rippy, A.E. & Newman, E., 'Perceived religious discrimination and its relationship to anxiety and paranoia among Muslim Americans' (2006), Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 1(1), pp.5-20

Risso Ferrand, M., 'Freedom Speech and Combat to Hate Speech | [La Libertad de Expresión y el Combate al Discurso del Odio]' (2020), Estudios Constitucionales, 18(1), pp. 51-89
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Rizos, G., Hemker, K. & Schuller, B., 'Augment to Prevent: Short-Text Data Augmentation in Deep Learning for Hate-Speech Classification' (2019), International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings, pp. 991-1000
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Roberts, Greg, 'Scare trigger' (1995), 116(5971) Bulletin 36

Roberts, C., Innes, M., Williams, M., Tregidga, J. & Gadd, D., 'Understanding who commits hate crime and why they do it' (2013), Welsh Government Social Research
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Robertson, S., 'Exception to excess: Tactical use of the law by outgroups in bias crime legislation' (2012), Law & Social Inquiry, 37(2), pp.456-475
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Robinson, A.N., 'Color-evasive free speech ideology: A conceptual analysis of free speech as racial oppression in U.S. higher education' (2021), Critical Studies in Education [online]
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Rocha, J., 'The homophobic sexual harassment claim and sexuality discrimination' (2015), Ratio Juris, 28(2), pp.204-215
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Roche, C., 'Like it is: 10 years on. Towards a hate crime service for under 25s' (2008), Galop.
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Rodriguez, A., 'Problems With a Statement' (2020), First Amendment Studies [online]
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Rodriguez, S.M., 'Queer abolitionist alternatives to criminalising hate violence' (2021), in M.J. Coyle & D. Scott (Eds), The Routledge International Handbook of Penal Abolition, London: Routledge
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Rodríguez Madera, S.L., 'From Necropraxis to Necroresistance: Transgender Experiences in Latin America' (2020), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Rodriguez, C.J., Gwathmey, T.M., Jin, Z., Schwartz, J., Beech, B.M., Sacco, R.L., Di Tullio, M.R. & Homma, S., 'Perceived discrimination and nocturnal blood pressure dipping among Hispanics: The influence of social support and race' (2016), Psychosomatic Medicine
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Rodríguez, J.J., de Castro, P.C. & Diez, I.E.S., 'Policies of miscommunication during COVID-19 pandemic in Spain: Manipulation strategies to blame the 8M demonstrations | [Políticas de incomunicación ante la COVID-19 en España: Estrategias de manipulación para la culpabilización de las manifestaciones del 8M]' (2021), Historia y Comunicacion Social, 26, pp. 31-40
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Rodriguez-Sanchez, F., Carrillo-de-Albornoz, J. & Plaza, L., 'Automatic classification of sexism in social networks: an empirical study on Twitter data' (2020), IEEE Access [online]
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Rodríguez-Serrano, A., García-Catalán, S. & Martín-Núñez, M., 'Audiovisual Narrative Strategies of Disinformation on Youtube of the New European Far Right | [Estrategias Narrativas Audiovisuales de Desinformación en Youtube de la Nueva Extrema Derecha Europea]' (2019), Profesional de la Informacion, 28(3)
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Roehling, M.V., 'Weight-based discrimination in employment: Psychological and legal aspects' (2006), Personnel Psychology, 52(4), pp.969-1016
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Roehling, M.V., 'Weight discrimination in the American workplace: Ethical issues and analysis' (2002), Journal of Business Ethics, 40(2), pp.177-189
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