Publications

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Otu, O.A., Nwangwu, C., Mbah, P.O., Ezugworie, C., Nwokedi, M. & Nnadi, S.O., 'Elections, Hate Speech and National Integration in Nigeria' (2022), African Renaissance, 19(1), pp. 197-223
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Ou, X. & Li, H., 'YNU OXZ @ HaSpeeDe 2 and AMI: XLM-RoBERTa with ordered neurons LSTM for classification task at EVALITA 2020’' (2020), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2765
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Ousidhoum, N., Lin, Z., Zhang, H., Song, Y. & Yeung, D.-Y., 'Multilingual and Multi-Aspect Hate Speech Analysis' (2019), EMNLP-IJCNLP 2019 - 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, Proceedings of the Conference, pp. 4675-4684
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Owuamalam, C.K. & Matos, A.S., 'When Might Heterosexual Men Be Passive or Compassionate Toward Gay Victims of Hate Crime? Integrating the Bystander and Social Loafing Explanations' (2019), Archives of Sexual Behavior [online]
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Owuamalam, C.K. & Matos, A.S., 'Heterosexual men in Trump’s America downplay compassion more for masculine (than for feminine) gay victims of hate crime: Why?' (2021), European Journal of Social Psychology [online]
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Owusu-Bempah, A., 'Prosecuting hate crime: Procedural issues and the future of the aggravated offences' (2015), Legal Studies
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Ozalp, S., Williams, M.L., Burnap, P., Liu, H. & Mostafa, M., 'Antisemitism on Twitter: Collective Efficacy and the Role of Community Organisations in Challenging Online Hate Speech' (2020), Social Media and Society, 6(2)
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Özata, O. , 'State failure and the consequences for the victims with regard to the actions of the NSU and the attack on the OEZ' (2018), Knowledge Creates Democracy - Open Access Series of the IDZ
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Ozduzen, O., Korkut, U. & Ozduzen, C., '‘Refugees Are Not Welcome’: Digital Racism, Online Place-Making and the Evolving Categorization of Syrians in Turkey' (2020), New Media and Society [online]
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O’Connell, R., 'ANM bomb plot man gets parole' (2008), The West Australian (Perth), 25 April 2008

O’Donnell, S.J., 'Islamophobic conspiracism and neoliberal subjectivity: The inassimilable society' (2017), Patterns of Prejudice [online], pp.1-23
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O’Handley, B.M., Blair, K.L. & Hoskin, R.A., 'What do two men kissing and a bucket of maggots have in common? Heterosexual men’s indistinguishable salivary α-amylase responses to photos of two men kissing and disgusting images' (2017), Psychology and Sexuality [online], pp.1-16
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O’Neill, A., 'Hate crime, England and Wales, 2016/17' (2017), Home Office
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O’Nions, H., 'What lies beneath: Exploring links between asylum policy and hate crime in the UK' (2010), Liverpool Law Review, 31(3), pp.233-257
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Paasch-Colberg, S. & Strippel, C., '“The Boundaries are Blurry…”: How Comment Moderators in Germany See and Respond to Hate Comments' (2021), Journalism Studies [online]
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Paasch-Colberg, S., Strippel, C., Trebbe, J. & Emmer, M., 'From insult to hate speech: Mapping offensive language in German user comments on immigration' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 171-180
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, 'Online hate speech: A survey on personal experiences and exposure among adult New Zealanders' (2018), Available at SSRN
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, N., 'Measuring Trends in Online Hate Speech Victimisation and Exposure, and Attitudes in New Zealand' (2019), Netsafe, New Zealand [online]
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Page, S., '‘People Get Killed Cause of There [Their] Skin. It Cannot Be Stopped’: A Midlands Case Study Considering Experiences of Racism Amongst Pupils in UK Secondary Schools and the Community' (2020), British Journal of Community Justice, 16(1), pp. 64-81
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Palakodety, S., Khudabukhsh, A.R. & Carbonell, J.G., 'The Refugee Experience Online: Surfacing Positivity Amidst Hate' (2020), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, 325, pp. 2925-2926
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Palmer, N.A. & Kutateladze, B.L., 'What Prosecutors and the Police Should Do About Underreporting of Anti-LGBTQ Hate Crime' (2021), Sexuality Research and Social Policy [online]
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Pamungkas, E.W., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'Investigating the role of swear words in abusive language detection tasks' (2022), Language Resources and Evaluation [online]
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Pamungkas, E.W., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'Misogyny Detection in Twitter: A Multilingual and Cross-Domain Study' (2020), Information Processing and Management, 102360 [online]
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Panchala, G.H., Sasank, V.V.S., Adidela, D.R.H., Yellamma, P., Ashesh, K. & Prasad, C., 'Hate Speech & Offensive Language Detection Using ML & NLP' (2022), Proceedings - 4th International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology, ICSSIT 2022, pp. 1262-1268
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Pandey, Y., Sharma, M., Siddiqui, M.K. & Yadav, S.S., 'Hate Speech Detection Model Using Bag of Words and Naïve Bayes' (2022), Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 318, pp. 457-470
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Pane, M.M.M.M.P., Siregar, C.C.S., Rumeser, J.A.A.J. & Aag Gea, A.A., 'The performance mapping for the viewpoint of hate-speech on YouTube in Millenials (A Case Study of Students in A Private University)' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, PartF168985, pp. 108-114
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2020), Nationalities Papers, pp. 1-19
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2021), Nationalities Papers, 49(2), pp. 221-239
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Pap, A.L., 'Harassment: A Silver Bullet to Tackle Institutional Discrimination, But No Panacea for all Forms of Dignity and Equality Harms' (2019), Intersections, 5(2) [online]
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Paradies, Y., 'A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health' (2006), International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(4), pp.888-901
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Paredes, J.N., Simari, G.I., Martinez, M.V. & Falappa, M.A., 'Detecting malicious behavior in social platforms via hybrid knowledge- and data-driven systems' (2021), Future Generation Computer Systems, 125, pp. 232-246
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Pareek, K., Choudhary, A., Tripathi, A. & Mishra, K.K., 'Comparative Analysis of Social Media Hate Detection over Code Mixed Hindi-English Language' (2022), Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 318, pp. 551-561
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Parfitt, T., 'Hybrid Hate: Jews, Blacks, and the Question of Race' (2020), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Parihar, A.S., Thapa, S. & Mishra, S., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Natural Language Processing: Applications and Challenges' (2021), Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics, ICOEI 2021, 9452882, pp. 1302-1308
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Pariyani, B., Shah, K., Shah, M., Vyas, T. & Degadwala, S., 'Hate speech detection in Twitter using natural language processing' (2021), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Communication Technologies and Virtual Mobile Networks, ICICV 2021, 9388496, pp. 1146-1152
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Park, S., 'Inventing aliens: Immigration control, ‘xenophobia’ and racism in Japan' (2017), Race & Class, 58(3), pp.64-80
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Park, S. & Kim, J., 'Tweeting about abusive comments and misogyny in South Korea following the suicide of Sulli, a female K-pop star: Social and semantic network analyses' (2021), Profesional de la Informacion, 30(5), e300505

Park, S., Han, S., Kim, J., Molaie, M.M., Vu, H.D., Singh, K., Han, J., Lee, W. & Cha, M., 'COVID-19 Discourse on Twitter in Four Asian Countries: Case Study of Risk Communication' (2021), Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(3), e23272
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Parks, G.S. & Jones, S. E., '“Nigger”: A critical race realist analysis of the N-word within hate crimes law' (2008), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 98(4), pp.1305-1352
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Parolari, P. & Viggiani, G., 'Filling the gaps: Combating anti-LGBT hate crimes in Italy in the silence of law' (2018), in P. Godzisz & G. Viggiani (Eds.). Running through hurdles: Obstacles in the access to justice for victims of anti-LGBTI hate crimes (pp. 177-195). Warsaw: Lambda Warsaw Association.
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Parris, C.L. & Scheuerman, H.L., 'How social movements matter: Including sexual orientation in state-level hate crime legislation' (2015), Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, 38, pp.231-257
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Paschalides, D., Pallis, G. & DIkaiakos, M.D., 'POLAR: A holistic framework for the modelling of polarization and identification of polarizing topics in news media' (2021), Proceedings of the 2021 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2021, pp. 348-355
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Paschalides, D., Stephanidis, D., Andreou, A., Orphanou, K., Pallis, G., DIkaiakos, M.D. & Markatos, E., 'MANDOLA: A Big-Data Processing and Visualization Platform for Monitoring and Detecting Online Hate Speech' (2020), ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 20(2), 3371276
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Patel, I., 'Emergence of institutional Islamophobia: The case of the Charity Commission of England and Wales' (2017), ReOrient, 3(1), pp.23-49
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Patel, T., 'Racism' (2014), in Atkinson, R. (Ed.) Shades of Deviance: A Primer on Crime, Deviance and Social Harm. Routledge.

Paterson, J., Walters, M., Brown, R. & Fearn, H., 'The Sussex Hate Crime Project' (2018), Final Report, University of Sussex
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Paterson, J.L., Brown, R. & Walters, M.A., 'Understanding victim group responses to hate crime: Shared identities, perceived similarity and intergroup emotions' (2018), TPM - Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 25(2), pp.163-177
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Paterson, J.L., Brown, R. & Walters, M.A., 'Feeling for and as a group member: Understanding LGBT victimization via group‐based empathy and intergroup emotions' (2019), British Journal of Social Psychology 58, pp.211-224
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Pathak, M.K. & Rai, S., 'Mob Lynching: A New Form of Hate Crime' (2020), Medico-Legal Update, 20(3), pp. 135-141
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Paul, C. & Bora, P., 'Detecting Hate Speech Using Deep Learning Techniques' (2021), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 12(2), pp. 619-623
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