Publications

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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), 'Words into action to address anti-Semitism' (2016), OSCE ODIHR
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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), 'Guide to addressing hate crime at the regional level' (2018), Warsaw: Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe [OSCE], 'Hate crime laws – A practical guide' (2009), Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights [ODIHR]
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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe [OSCE], 'Hate crime laws – A practical guide' (2009), OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe [OSCE], 'Preventing and responding to hate crimes: A resource guide for NGOs in the OSCE region' (2009), OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)
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Oriola, O. & Kotze, E., 'Evaluating Machine Learning Techniques for Detecting Offensive and Hate Speech in South African Tweets' (2020), IEEE Access, 8, pp. 21496-21509
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Orjuela, C., 'Countering Buddhist Radicalisation: Emerging Peace Movements in Myanmar and Sri Lanka' (2019), Third World Quarterly [online]
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Orlanski, O. & Schulze, G.G., 'The determinants of Islamophobia – An empirical analysis of the Swiss Minaret Referendum' (2017), Munich: CESifo Working Papers
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Oroh, A.J., Bandung, Y. & Zagi, L.M., 'Detection of the Key Actor of Issues Spreading Based on Social Network Analysis in Twitter Social Media' (2021), Proceedings - 2021 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Wireless and Mobile, APWiMob 2021, 9435268, pp. 206-212
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Ortega, A., Di Fruscia, E. & Louise, B., 'Trade Liberalization and Racial Animus' (2020), Contemporary Economic Policy [online]
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Ortega-Sánchez, D., Blanch, J.P., Quintana, J.I., de la Cal, E.S. & de la Fuente-Anuncibay, R., 'Hate speech, emotions and gender identities: A study of social narratives on Twitter with trainee teachers' (2021), International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8), 4055
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Ortiz-Hernandez, L. & Granados-Cosme, J.A., 'Violence against bisexuals, gays and lesbians in Mexico City' (2008), Journal of Homosexuality, 50(4), pp.113-140
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OSCE, 'Seminar: Turning words into action to address anti-Semitism, intolerance and discrimination' (2016), Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
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OSCE, 'Hate crimes in the OSCE region – Incidents and responses: Annual report for 2012' (2013), Warsaw: OSCE.
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OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), 'Holocaust Memorial Days: An overview of remembrance and education in the OSCE region' (2018)
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Östling, E.A.W., '‘The wrath of God on children of disobedience’: COVID-19 in the theology and ideology of the Westboro Baptist Church' (2021), Approaching Religion, 11(2), pp. 82-97
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Otis, M.D. & Skinner, W.F., 'The prevalence of victimization and its effect on mental well-being among lesbian and gay people' (2010), Journal of Homosexuality, 30(3), pp.93-121
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Ou, X. & Li, H., 'YNU OXZ @ HaSpeeDe 2 and AMI: XLM-RoBERTa with ordered neurons LSTM for classification task at EVALITA 2020’' (2020), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2765
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Ousidhoum, N., Lin, Z., Zhang, H., Song, Y. & Yeung, D.-Y., 'Multilingual and Multi-Aspect Hate Speech Analysis' (2019), EMNLP-IJCNLP 2019 - 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, Proceedings of the Conference, pp. 4675-4684
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Owuamalam, C.K. & Matos, A.S., 'When Might Heterosexual Men Be Passive or Compassionate Toward Gay Victims of Hate Crime? Integrating the Bystander and Social Loafing Explanations' (2019), Archives of Sexual Behavior [online]
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Owusu-Bempah, A., 'Prosecuting hate crime: Procedural issues and the future of the aggravated offences' (2015), Legal Studies
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Ozalp, S., Williams, M.L., Burnap, P., Liu, H. & Mostafa, M., 'Antisemitism on Twitter: Collective Efficacy and the Role of Community Organisations in Challenging Online Hate Speech' (2020), Social Media and Society, 6(2)
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Özata, O. , 'State failure and the consequences for the victims with regard to the actions of the NSU and the attack on the OEZ' (2018), Knowledge Creates Democracy - Open Access Series of the IDZ
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Ozduzen, O., Korkut, U. & Ozduzen, C., '‘Refugees Are Not Welcome’: Digital Racism, Online Place-Making and the Evolving Categorization of Syrians in Turkey' (2020), New Media and Society [online]
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O’Connell, R., 'ANM bomb plot man gets parole' (2008), The West Australian (Perth), 25 April 2008

O’Donnell, S.J., 'Islamophobic conspiracism and neoliberal subjectivity: The inassimilable society' (2017), Patterns of Prejudice [online], pp.1-23
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O’Handley, B.M., Blair, K.L. & Hoskin, R.A., 'What do two men kissing and a bucket of maggots have in common? Heterosexual men’s indistinguishable salivary α-amylase responses to photos of two men kissing and disgusting images' (2017), Psychology and Sexuality [online], pp.1-16
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O’Neill, A., 'Hate crime, England and Wales, 2016/17' (2017), Home Office
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O’Nions, H., 'What lies beneath: Exploring links between asylum policy and hate crime in the UK' (2010), Liverpool Law Review, 31(3), pp.233-257
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Paasch-Colberg, S. & Strippel, C., '“The Boundaries are Blurry…”: How Comment Moderators in Germany See and Respond to Hate Comments' (2021), Journalism Studies [online]
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Paasch-Colberg, S., Strippel, C., Trebbe, J. & Emmer, M., 'From insult to hate speech: Mapping offensive language in German user comments on immigration' (2021), Media and Communication, 9(1), pp. 171-180
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, 'Online hate speech: A survey on personal experiences and exposure among adult New Zealanders' (2018), Available at SSRN
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Pacheco, E. & Melhuish, N., 'Measuring Trends in Online Hate Speech Victimisation and Exposure, and Attitudes in New Zealand' (2019), Netsafe, New Zealand [online]
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Page, S., '‘People Get Killed Cause of There [Their] Skin. It Cannot Be Stopped’: A Midlands Case Study Considering Experiences of Racism Amongst Pupils in UK Secondary Schools and the Community' (2020), British Journal of Community Justice, 16(1), pp. 64-81
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Palakodety, S., Khudabukhsh, A.R. & Carbonell, J.G., 'The Refugee Experience Online: Surfacing Positivity Amidst Hate' (2020), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, 325, pp. 2925-2926
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Palmer, N.A. & Kutateladze, B.L., 'What Prosecutors and the Police Should Do About Underreporting of Anti-LGBTQ Hate Crime' (2021), Sexuality Research and Social Policy [online]
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Pamungkas, E.W., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'Investigating the role of swear words in abusive language detection tasks' (2022), Language Resources and Evaluation [online]
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Pamungkas, E.W., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'Misogyny Detection in Twitter: A Multilingual and Cross-Domain Study' (2020), Information Processing and Management, 102360 [online]
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Panchala, G.H., Sasank, V.V.S., Adidela, D.R.H., Yellamma, P., Ashesh, K. & Prasad, C., 'Hate Speech & Offensive Language Detection Using ML & NLP' (2022), Proceedings - 4th International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology, ICSSIT 2022, pp. 1262-1268
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Pandey, Y., Sharma, M., Siddiqui, M.K. & Yadav, S.S., 'Hate Speech Detection Model Using Bag of Words and Naïve Bayes' (2022), Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 318, pp. 457-470
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Pane, M.M.M.M.P., Siregar, C.C.S., Rumeser, J.A.A.J. & Aag Gea, A.A., 'The performance mapping for the viewpoint of hate-speech on YouTube in Millenials (A Case Study of Students in A Private University)' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, PartF168985, pp. 108-114
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2020), Nationalities Papers, pp. 1-19
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Pap, A.L., 'Neglect, Marginalization, and Abuse: Hate Crime Legislation and Practice in the Labyrinth of Identity Politics, Minority Protection, and Penal Populism' (2021), Nationalities Papers, 49(2), pp. 221-239
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Pap, A.L., 'Harassment: A Silver Bullet to Tackle Institutional Discrimination, But No Panacea for all Forms of Dignity and Equality Harms' (2019), Intersections, 5(2) [online]
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Paradies, Y., 'A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health' (2006), International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(4), pp.888-901
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Paredes, J.N., Simari, G.I., Martinez, M.V. & Falappa, M.A., 'Detecting malicious behavior in social platforms via hybrid knowledge- and data-driven systems' (2021), Future Generation Computer Systems, 125, pp. 232-246
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Pareek, K., Choudhary, A., Tripathi, A. & Mishra, K.K., 'Comparative Analysis of Social Media Hate Detection over Code Mixed Hindi-English Language' (2022), Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 318, pp. 551-561
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Parfitt, T., 'Hybrid Hate: Jews, Blacks, and the Question of Race' (2020), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Parihar, A.S., Thapa, S. & Mishra, S., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Natural Language Processing: Applications and Challenges' (2021), Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics, ICOEI 2021, 9452882, pp. 1302-1308
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Pariyani, B., Shah, K., Shah, M., Vyas, T. & Degadwala, S., 'Hate speech detection in Twitter using natural language processing' (2021), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Communication Technologies and Virtual Mobile Networks, ICICV 2021, 9388496, pp. 1146-1152
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