Publications

A

Akhtar, Z., 'Hate crimes and the law: Introducing caste hatred as a public order offence' (2021), New Journal of European Criminal Law, 12(2), pp. 166-183
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Akhtar, S., 'The mental pain of minorities' (2014), British Journal of Psychotherapy, 30(2), pp.136-153
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Akhtar, S., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'A New Measure of Polarization in the Annotation of Hate Speech' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11946 LNAI, pp. 588-603
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Akiba, D., 'Reopening America’s Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Protecting Asian Students from Stigma and Discrimination' (2020), Frontiers in Sociology, 5, 588936
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Akiba, D., Lopez, A.S.V. & Hirano, M., 'The nature of anti-Asian American xenophobia during the coronavirus pandemic: A preliminary exploration into envy as a key motivator of hate' (2021), Behavioral Sciences, 11(11), 158
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Akiviadou, N., 'Regulating hatred: Of devils and demons?' (2018), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law [online]
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Akrivopoulou, C.M., 'Dignity as the ultimate boundary to the freedom of speech: An account of Jeremy Waldron’s “harm in hate speech” argument' (2014), Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 4(99), pp.1805-1810
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Al Serhan, F. & Elareshi, M., 'University Students’ Awareness of Social Media Use and Hate Speech in Jordan' (2019), International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 13(2), pp. 548-563
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making a home for the homeless in hate crime legislation' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1755-1781
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making room for hate crime legislation in liberal societies' (2010), Criminal Law and Philosophy, 4(3), pp.341-358
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Al-Hakim, M. & Dimock, S., 'Hate as an aggravating factor in sentencing' (2012), New Criminal Law Review, 15(4), pp.572-611
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Al-Harigy, L.M., Al-Nuaim, H.A., Moradpoor, N. & Tan, Z., 'Building towards Automated Cyberbullying Detection: A Comparative Analysis' (2022), Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022, 4794227
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Al-Hassan, A. & Al-Dossari, H., 'Detection of hate speech in Arabic Tweets using deep learning' (2021), Multimedia Systems [online]
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Al-Khalifa, S., Aljarah, I. & Abushariah, M.A.M., 'Hate Speech Classification in Arabic Tweets' (2020), Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(11), pp. 1816-1831
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Al-Makhadmeh, Z., Tolba, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Killer Natural Language Processing Optimizing Ensemble Deep Learning Approach' (2019), Computing [online]
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Al-Rawi, A., 'Hashtagged Trolling and Emojified Hate against Muslims on Social Media' (2022), Religions, 13(6), 521
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Al-Rawi, A., 'Telegramming Hate: Far-Right Themes on Dark Social Media' (2021), Canadian Journal of Communication, 46(4), pp. 821-851
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Alaburić, V., 'Legal concept of hate speech and jurisprudence of the European court of human rights' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 230-252
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Alatawi, H.S., Alhothali, A.M. & Moria, K.M., 'Detecting White Supremacist Hate Speech Using Domain Specific Word Embedding with Deep Learning and BERT' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9497095, pp. 106363-106374
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M. & Mishra, S., 'Hateful People or Hateful Bots? Detection and Characterization of Bots Spreading Religious Hatred in Arabic Social Media' (2019), Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 3(CSCW)
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M., Mishra, S., 'Investigating the Effect of Combining GRU Neural Networks With Handcrafted Features for Religious Hatred Detection on Arabic Twitter Space' (2019), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 9(1),41
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Albrecht, B., 'Multicultural challenges for restorative justice: Mediators’ experiences from Norway and Finland' (2010), Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime, 11, pp.3-24
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Albrecht, H.-J., 'Germany' (2008), in J. Winterdyk & G. Antonopoulos (Eds.), Racist victimization: International reflections and perspectives (pp.113-138). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Alcacer-Guirao, R. & Fouce, H., 'Toxic emotions in the new public sphere: Media controversies and hate discourse | [Emociones tóxicas en la nueva esfera pública: Controversias mediáticas y discurso del odio]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 11(2), pp. 123-135
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Aldana-Bobadilla, E., Molina-Villegas, A., Montelongo-Padilla, Y., Lopez-Arevalo, I. & Sordia, O.S., 'A language model for misogyny detection in Latin American Spanish driven by multisource feature extraction and transformers' (2021), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(21), 10467
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Alden, H.L. & Parker, K.F., 'Gender role ideology, Homophobia and hate crime: Linking attitudes to macro-level anti-gay and Lesbian hate crimes' (2005), Deviant Behavior, 26(4), pp.321-343
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Aldjanabi, W., Dahou, A., Al-Qaness, M.A.A., Elaziz M.A., Helmi, A.M. & Damaševičius, R., 'Arabic offensive and hate speech detection using a cross-corpora multi-task learning model' (2021), Informatics, 8(4), 69
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Aldridge, D., 'Online Harassment and Hate' (2019), ITNOW, 61(3), pp. 34
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Alexander, L., 'Is there a right to freedom of expression?' (2005), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander, L., 'The ADL hate crime statute and the first amendment' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.49-51
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Alhaboby, Z. A., al-Khateeb, H. M., Barnes, J. & Short, E., 'The language is disgusting and they refer to my disability’: The cyberharassment of disabled people' (2016), Disability & Society, 31(8), pp.1138-1143
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Alhaboby, Z., Barnes, J., Evans, H. & Short, E. , 'Challenges facing online research: Experiences from research concerning cyber-victimisation of people with disabilities' (2017), Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(1), pp.1-16
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Alhaboby, Z.A., Al-Khateeb, H.M., Barnes, J., Jahankhani H., Pitchford M., Conradie, L. & Short, E., 'Cyber-Disability Hate Cases in the UK: The Documentation by the Police and Potential Barriers to Reporting' (2021), Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications, pp. 123-133
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Alharthi, R., 'Recognizing Hate-prone Characteristics of Online Hate Speech Targets' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 153-155
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Ali, S., 'The specter of hate and intolerance: sectarian-jihadi nexus and the persecution of Hazara Shia community in Pakistan' (2020), Contemporary South Asia [online]
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Ali, I., Asif, M., Hamid, I., Sawar, M.U., Khan, F.A. & Ghadi, Y., 'A word embedding technique for sentiment analysis of social media to understand the relationship between Islamophobic incidents and media portrayal of Muslim communities' (2022), PeerJ Computer Science, 8, e838
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Ali, N., Fleisher, W. & Erickson, J., 'Psychiatrists’ and psychiatry residents’ attitudes toward transgender people' (2016), Academic Psychiatry, 40(2), pp.268-273
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Ali, O., Scheidt, N., Gegov, A., Haig, E., Adda, M. & Aziz, B., 'Automated Detection of Racial Microaggressions using Machine Learning' (2020), 2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2020, 9308569, pp. 2477-2484
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Ali, R., Farooq, U., Arshad, U., Shahzad, W. & Beg, M.O., 'Hate speech detection on Twitter using transfer learning' (2022), Computer Speech and Language, 74, 101365
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Alić, S., 'The Mindlessness of Hate Speech – Biological and Cultural Dimension | [Bezumlje govora mržnje – biološka i kulturna dimenzija]' (2021), Filozofska Istrazivanja, 41(4), pp. 719-736
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Aljarah, I., Habib, M., Hijazi, N., Faris, H., Qaddoura, R., Hammo, B., Abushariah, M. & Alfawareh, M., 'Intelligent Detection of Hate Speech in Arabic Social Network: A Machine Learning Approach' (2020), Journal of Information Science [online]
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Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'A novel stacked ensemble for hate speech recognition' (2021), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(24), 11684
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Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'Genetic Programming Approach to Detect Hate Speech in Social Media' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9513275, pp. 115115-115125
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Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Genetic Programming' (2020), 3rd International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering, ICOASE 2020, 9436621, pp. 92-96
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Hate Crimes: The legality and Practicality of Punishing Bias—A Socio-Legal Appraisal' (2022), International Journal for the Semiotics of Law [online]
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Liberating Expression: Contemporary European Challenges' (2022), International Journal for the Semiotics of Law [online]
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The Far-Right in International and European Law (2019), Abingdon: Routledge' (2019)
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The legal regulation of hate speech: The international and European frameworks' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 203-229
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Regulating hatred: Of devils and demons?' (2018), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 18(4), pp.218–236
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Alkiviadou, N. & Belavusau, U., 'Rien que des mots: Counteracting homophobic speech in European and U.S. law' (2021), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law [online]
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