Publications

A

Ahmed, U. & Lin, J.C., 'Deep Explainable Hate Speech Active Learning on Social-Media Data' (2022), IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems [online]
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Ahmed, Z., Vidgen, B. & Hale, S.A., 'Tackling racial bias in automated online hate detection: Towards fair and accurate detection of hateful users with geometric deep learning' (2022), EPJ Data Science, 11(1), 8
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Ahn, J.-H. & Park, H., 'Dealing With Hate Speech: Voices From Young Koreans Living in Japan' (2019), Asian Journal of Social Science, 47(6), pp. 677-700
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Ahn, S., Baik, J. & Krause, C.S., 'Splintering and centralizing platform governance: how Facebook adapted its content moderation practices to the political and legal contexts in the United States, Germany, and South Korea' (2022), Information Communication and Society [online]
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Aho, J.A., 'Out of hate: A sociology of defection from neo-Nazism' (1988), Current Research on Peace and Violence, 11(4), pp.159-168
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Ajani, S.Y., Arikewuyo, A.K., Lukuman, A.A., Muhammad A.R., Imam O.A., Mahamood A.F., Manaf, A.R.A. & Hassan, J., 'Influence of hate speech messages on voters’ choice of candidate in Kwara State 2019 gubernatorial election' (2021), AIP Conference Proceedings, 2347,020041
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Åkerlund, M., 'Influence Without Metrics: Analyzing the Impact of Far-Right Users in an Online Discussion Forum' (2021), Social Media and Society, 7(2)
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Akhilesh Naidu, T. & Kumar, S., 'Impact of Deep Learning Models on Hate Speech Detection' (2021), 2021 12th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies, ICCCNT 2021
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Akhtar, Z., 'Vigilantism, presumption of guilt and murder' (2018), Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 182(7)

Akhtar, Z., 'Hate crimes and the law: Introducing caste hatred as a public order offence' (2021), New Journal of European Criminal Law, 12(2), pp. 166-183
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Akhtar, S., 'The mental pain of minorities' (2014), British Journal of Psychotherapy, 30(2), pp.136-153
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Akhtar, S., Basile, V. & Patti, V., 'A New Measure of Polarization in the Annotation of Hate Speech' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11946 LNAI, pp. 588-603
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Akiba, D., 'Reopening America’s Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Protecting Asian Students from Stigma and Discrimination' (2020), Frontiers in Sociology, 5, 588936
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Akiba, D., Lopez, A.S.V. & Hirano, M., 'The nature of anti-Asian American xenophobia during the coronavirus pandemic: A preliminary exploration into envy as a key motivator of hate' (2021), Behavioral Sciences, 11(11), 158
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Akiviadou, N., 'Regulating hatred: Of devils and demons?' (2018), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law [online]
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Akrivopoulou, C.M., 'Dignity as the ultimate boundary to the freedom of speech: An account of Jeremy Waldron’s “harm in hate speech” argument' (2014), Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 4(99), pp.1805-1810
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Akuma, S., Lubem, T. & Adom, I.T., 'Comparing Bag of Words and TF-IDF with different models for hate speech detection from live tweets' (2022), International Journal of Information Technology (Singapore) [online]
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Al Serhan, F. & Elareshi, M., 'University Students’ Awareness of Social Media Use and Hate Speech in Jordan' (2019), International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 13(2), pp. 548-563
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making a home for the homeless in hate crime legislation' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1755-1781
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Al-Hakim, M., 'Making room for hate crime legislation in liberal societies' (2010), Criminal Law and Philosophy, 4(3), pp.341-358
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Al-Hakim, M. & Dimock, S., 'Hate as an aggravating factor in sentencing' (2012), New Criminal Law Review, 15(4), pp.572-611
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Al-Harigy, L.M., Al-Nuaim, H.A., Moradpoor, N. & Tan, Z., 'Building towards Automated Cyberbullying Detection: A Comparative Analysis' (2022), Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022, 4794227
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Al-Hassan, A. & Al-Dossari, H., 'Detection of hate speech in Arabic Tweets using deep learning' (2021), Multimedia Systems [online]
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Al-Khalifa, S., Aljarah, I. & Abushariah, M.A.M., 'Hate Speech Classification in Arabic Tweets' (2020), Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(11), pp. 1816-1831
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Al-Makhadmeh, Z., Tolba, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection Using Killer Natural Language Processing Optimizing Ensemble Deep Learning Approach' (2019), Computing [online]
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Al-Rawi, A., 'Hashtagged Trolling and Emojified Hate against Muslims on Social Media' (2022), Religions, 13(6), 521
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Al-Rawi, A., 'Telegramming Hate: Far-Right Themes on Dark Social Media' (2021), Canadian Journal of Communication, 46(4), pp. 821-851
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Alaburić, V., 'Legal concept of hate speech and jurisprudence of the European court of human rights' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 230-252
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Alatawi, H.S., Alhothali, A.M. & Moria, K.M., 'Detecting White Supremacist Hate Speech Using Domain Specific Word Embedding with Deep Learning and BERT' (2021), IEEE Access, 9, 9497095, pp. 106363-106374
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M. & Mishra, S., 'Hateful People or Hateful Bots? Detection and Characterization of Bots Spreading Religious Hatred in Arabic Social Media' (2019), Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 3(CSCW)
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Albadi, N., Kurdi, M., Mishra, S., 'Investigating the Effect of Combining GRU Neural Networks With Handcrafted Features for Religious Hatred Detection on Arabic Twitter Space' (2019), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 9(1),41
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Albrecht, B., 'Multicultural challenges for restorative justice: Mediators’ experiences from Norway and Finland' (2010), Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime, 11, pp.3-24
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Albrecht, H.-J., 'Germany' (2008), in J. Winterdyk & G. Antonopoulos (Eds.), Racist victimization: International reflections and perspectives (pp.113-138). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Alcacer-Guirao, R. & Fouce, H., 'Toxic emotions in the new public sphere: Media controversies and hate discourse | [Emociones tóxicas en la nueva esfera pública: Controversias mediáticas y discurso del odio]' (2021), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, 11(2), pp. 123-135
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Aldana-Bobadilla, E., Molina-Villegas, A., Montelongo-Padilla, Y., Lopez-Arevalo, I. & Sordia, O.S., 'A language model for misogyny detection in Latin American Spanish driven by multisource feature extraction and transformers' (2021), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(21), 10467
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Alden, H.L. & Parker, K.F., 'Gender role ideology, Homophobia and hate crime: Linking attitudes to macro-level anti-gay and Lesbian hate crimes' (2005), Deviant Behavior, 26(4), pp.321-343
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Aldjanabi, W., Dahou, A., Al-Qaness, M.A.A., Elaziz M.A., Helmi, A.M. & Damaševičius, R., 'Arabic offensive and hate speech detection using a cross-corpora multi-task learning model' (2021), Informatics, 8(4), 69
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Aldridge, D., 'Online Harassment and Hate' (2019), ITNOW, 61(3), pp. 34
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Alexander, L., 'Is there a right to freedom of expression?' (2005), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander, L., 'The ADL hate crime statute and the first amendment' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.49-51
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Alhaboby, Z. A., al-Khateeb, H. M., Barnes, J. & Short, E., 'The language is disgusting and they refer to my disability’: The cyberharassment of disabled people' (2016), Disability & Society, 31(8), pp.1138-1143
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Alhaboby, Z., Barnes, J., Evans, H. & Short, E. , 'Challenges facing online research: Experiences from research concerning cyber-victimisation of people with disabilities' (2017), Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(1), pp.1-16
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Alhaboby, Z.A., Al-Khateeb, H.M., Barnes, J., Jahankhani H., Pitchford M., Conradie, L. & Short, E., 'Cyber-Disability Hate Cases in the UK: The Documentation by the Police and Potential Barriers to Reporting' (2021), Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications, pp. 123-133
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Alharthi, R., 'Recognizing Hate-prone Characteristics of Online Hate Speech Targets' (2021), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 153-155
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Alhejaili, R., Alsaeedi, A. & Yafooz, W.M.S., 'Detecting Hate Speech in Arabic Tweets During COVID-19 Using Machine Learning Approaches' (2023), Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 479, pp. 467-475
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Alhejaili, R.M., Yafooz, W.M.S. & Alsaeedi, A.A., 'Hate Speech and Abusive Laungage Detection in Twitter and Challenges: Review' (2022), Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Sustainable Engineering Solution, CISES 2022, pp. 86-94
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Ali, S., 'The specter of hate and intolerance: sectarian-jihadi nexus and the persecution of Hazara Shia community in Pakistan' (2020), Contemporary South Asia [online]
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Ali, I., Asif, M., Hamid, I., Sawar, M.U., Khan, F.A. & Ghadi, Y., 'A word embedding technique for sentiment analysis of social media to understand the relationship between Islamophobic incidents and media portrayal of Muslim communities' (2022), PeerJ Computer Science, 8, e838
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Ali, M., Hassan, M., Kifayat, K., Kim, J.Y., Hakak, S. & Khan, M.K., 'Social media content classification and community detection using deep learning and graph analytics' (2023), Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 188, 122252
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Ali, N., Fleisher, W. & Erickson, J., 'Psychiatrists’ and psychiatry residents’ attitudes toward transgender people' (2016), Academic Psychiatry, 40(2), pp.268-273
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