Publications

A

Aljero, M.K.A. & Dimililer, N., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Genetic Programming' (2020), 3rd International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering, ICOASE 2020, 9436621, pp. 92-96
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Hate Crimes: The legality and Practicality of Punishing Bias—A Socio-Legal Appraisal' (2022), International Journal for the Semiotics of Law [online]
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Liberating Expression: Contemporary European Challenges' (2022), International Journal for the Semiotics of Law [online]
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The Far-Right in International and European Law (2019), Abingdon: Routledge' (2019)
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Alkiviadou, N., 'The legal regulation of hate speech: The international and European frameworks' (2018), Politicka Misao, 55(4), pp. 203-229
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Alkiviadou, N., 'Regulating hatred: Of devils and demons?' (2018), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 18(4), pp.218–236
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Alkiviadou, N. & Belavusau, U., 'Rien que des mots: Counteracting homophobic speech in European and U.S. law' (2021), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law [online]
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Alkomah, F., Salati, S. & Ma, X., 'A New Hate Speech Detection System based on Textual and Psychological Features' (2022), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 13(8), pp. 860-869
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All Party Parliamentary Group on British Muslims (appg), 'Islamophobia defined: The inquiry into a working definition of Islamophobia' (2018)
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Allen, C., 'Islamophobia and the problematization of Mosques: A critical exploration of hate crimes and the symbolic function of “old” and “new” Mosques in the United Kingdom' (2017), Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 37(3), pp.294-308
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Allen, M., 'Police reported hate crime in Canada, 2012' (2014), Statistics Canada
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Allen, Chris, 'Human Rights Advocates or Opportunists_ Defence Discourses Among Britain’s Far-Right.' (2020)
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Allen, C., 'Contemporary Experiences of Islamophobia in Today’s United Kingdom: Findings from Ten Small-Scale Studies' (2021), Insight Turkey, 23(2), pp. 107-127
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Allen, C., 'Ideological Islamophobia: Conception and function, ‘normative truths’ and ‘new reality’' (2017), Muslim Perspectives, 2(2), pp.2-19
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Allen, C., 'Political approaches to tackling Islamophobia: An ‘insider/outsider’ analysis of the British Coalition Government’s approach between 2010–15' (2017), Social Sciences, 6(3), p.77
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Allen, C. H, 'Hate crime in the UK' (2018), Knowledge Creates Democracy - Open Access Series of the IDZ
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Allen, C., Isakjee, A. & Young, Ö.Ö., '‘Maybe we are hated’: The experience and impact of anti-Muslim hate on British Muslim women, November 2013' (2013), University of Birmingham, Institute of Applied Social Studies
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Allen, D. & Gibson, J., 'The issue of racial vilification' (1990), Law Institute Journal, 64(8), 709

Allinson, R.E., 'Unmasking color racism' (2021), Dialogue and Universalism, 31(1), pp. 41-68
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Allison, K. & Harris, C.T., 'Predicting bias homicide across victim groups: A county-level analysis' (2018), Social Science Research [online]
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Allison, K., & Klein, B.R, 'Pursuing Hegemonic Masculinity Through Violence: An Examination of Anti-Homeless Bias Homicides’ (2019),' (2019), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Allport, G. W., 'The nature of prejudice' (1954), Reading, MA: Addison - Wesley

Allwood, M., Ghafoori, B., Salgado, C., Slobodin O., Kreither J., Waelde L.C., Larrondo, P. & Ramos, N., 'Identity-based hate and violence as trauma: Current research, clinical implications, and advocacy in a globally connected world' (2021), Journal of Traumatic Stress [online]
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Almack, K., Seymour, J. & Bellamy, G., 'Exploring the impact of sexual orientation on experiences and concerns about end of life care and on bereavement for lesbian, gay and bisexual older people' (2010), Sociology, 44(5), pp.908-924
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Almatarneh, S., Gamallo, P., Pena, F.J.R. & Alexeev, A., 'Supervised Classifiers to Identify Hate Speech on English and Spanish Tweets' (2019), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11853 LNCS, pp. 23-30
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Almerekhi, H., Kwak, H. & Jansen, B.J., 'Investigating toxicity changes of crosscommunity redditors from 2 billion posts and comments' (2022), PeerJ Computer Science, 8, e1059
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Almuger, T., 'Racial fault lines: The historical origin of white supremacy in California' (1994), Berkley: University of California Press

Alonso, P., Saini, R. & Kovács, G., 'Hate Speech Detection Using Transformer Ensembles on the HASOC Dataset' (2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12335 LNAI, pp. 13-21
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Alorainy, W., Burnap, P., Liu, H., Williams, M. & Giommoni, L., 'Disrupting networks of hate: characterising hateful networks and removing critical nodes' (2022), Social Network Analysis and Mining, 12(1), 27
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Alotaibi, A. & Abul Hasanat, M.H., 'Racism Detection in Twitter Using Deep Learning and Text Mining Techniques for the Arabic Language' (2020), Proceedings - 2020 1st International Conference of Smart Systems and Emerging Technologies, SMART-TECH 2020, 9283815, pp. 161-164
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Alotaibi, M., Alotaibi, B. & Razaque, A., 'A multichannel deep learning framework for cyberbullying detection on social media' (2021), Electronics (Switzerland), 10(21), 2664
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Alrababa'H, A., Marble, W., Mousa, S.A.L.M.A. & Siegel, A.A., 'Can Exposure to Celebrities Reduce Prejudice? The Effect of Mohamed Salah on Islamophobic Behaviors and Attitudes' (2021), American Political Science Review [online]
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Alraddadi, R.A. & El-Khalil Ghembaza, M.I., 'Automatic Detection and Classification of Anti-Islamic Web Text-Contents' (2022), Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST, 438 LNICST, pp. 162-181
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Alraddadi, R.A. & Ghembaza, M.I.E.-K., 'Anti-Islamic Arabic Text Categorization using Text Mining and Sentiment Analysis Techniques' (2021), International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 12(8), pp. 776-785
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Alrehili, A., 'Automatic Hate Speech Detection on Social Media: A Brief Survey' (2019), Proceedings of IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA, 2019-November, 9035228
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Alsaad, A., Taamneh, A. & Al-Jedaiah, M.N., 'Does social media increase racist behavior? An examination of confirmation bias theory' (2018), Technology in Society [online]
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Alsafari, S. & Sadaoui, S., 'Semi-Supervised Self-Training of Hate and Offensive Speech from Social Media' (2021), Applied Artificial Intelligence [online]
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Alsafari, S. & Sadaoui, S., 'Semi-Supervised Self-Learning for Arabic Hate Speech Detection' (2021), Conference Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, pp. 863-868
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Alsafari, S., Sadaoui, S. & Mouhoub, M., 'Deep Learning Ensembles for Hate Speech Detection' (2020), Proceedings - International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, ICTAI, 2020-November, 9288318, pp. 526-531
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Alsafari, S., Sadaoui, S. & Mouhoub, M., 'Hate and Offensive Speech Detection on Arabic Social Media' (2020), Online Social Networks and Media, 19, 100096
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Alshalan, R. & Al-Khalifa, H., 'A deep learning approach for automatic hate speech detection in the Saudi Twittersphere' (2020), Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 10(23), 8614, pp. 1-16
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Alshalan, R., Al-Khalifa, H., Alsaeed, D., Al-Baity, H. & Alshalan, S., 'Detection of hate speech in COVID-19-related tweets in the Arab Region: Deep learning and topic modeling approach' (2020), Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(12), e22609
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Alshamrani, S., Abusnaina, A., Abuhamad, M., Nyang, D. & Mohaisen, D., 'Hate, Obscenity, and Insults: Measuring the Exposure of Children to Inappropriate Comments in YouTube' (2021), The Web Conference 2021 - Companion of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2021, pp. 508-515
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Alsultany, E., 'How Hate Crime Laws Perpetuate Anti-Muslim Racism' (2021), Meridians, 20(2), pp. 414-442
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Altaa, M. & Al-Rawashdeh, A.L., 'The social responsibility of television in the dissemination of a culture of tolerance and rejection of hatred (Applied Study on a Sample of the UAE Society 2019-2020)' (2021), Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences, 48(2), pp. 85-102
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Altman, A., 'The democratic legitimacy of bias crime laws: Public reason and the political process' (2001), Law and Philosophy, 20(2), pp.141-173
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Altunbulak, A., 'Reimagining queer film festival as a counterpublic space. A case study of Turkey’s Pink Life Queerfest' (2021), Ekphrasis, 25(1), pp. 143-155
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Aluru, S.S., Mathew, B., Saha, P. & Mukherjee, A., 'A Deep Dive into Multilingual Hate Speech Classification' (2021), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 12461 LNAI, pp. 423-439
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Alvarez-Benjumea & A., Winter, F., 'The Breakdown of Antiracist Norms: A Natural Experiment on Hate Speech After Terrorist Attacks' (2020), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(37), pp. 22800-22804
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Alzamzami, F. & Saddik, A.E., 'Monitoring Cyber SentiHate Social Behavior during COVID-19 Pandemic in North America' (2021), IEEE Access, 9,9452177, pp. 91184-91208
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