Publications

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Balderston, S. & Roebuck, E., 'Empowering people to tackle hate crime: Trans women and disabled people working together with victim services in North East England' (2010), Equality and Human Rights Commission, Gay Advice Darlington and Durham Victim Support & Vision Sense.
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Bales, W.D. & Piquero, A.R., 'Racial/ethnic differentials in sentencing to incarceration' (2012), Justice Quarterly, 29(5), pp.742-773
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Balestrery, J.E., 'Learning about a child’s gay or lesbian sexual orientation: Parental concerns about societal rejection, loss of loved ones, and child well being' (2012), Journal of Homosexuality, 59(5), pp.633-655
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Balsam, K.F., 'Traumatic victimization in the lives of lesbian and bisexual women: A contextual approach' (2014), in Hughes, T., Smith, C. & Dan, A. (Eds.) Mental Health Issues for Sexual Minority Women: Redefining Women's Mental Health

Bannenberg, B., 'Materialsammlung: Hasskriminalität: Ein Überblick aus kriminologischer Sicht [Material collection: Hate crime]' (2003), Bonn: Deutsches Forum für Kriminalprävention (DFK)
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Baradaran, S., 'Race, prediction, and discretion' (2013), George Washington Law Review, 81(1), pp.157-222
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Barbé i Serra, A., 'The reason for “gender expression” in the legal corpus. A contribution to the preservation of the right of the subject that practices cross-dressing' (2017), Revista de Antropologia Social, 26(1), pp.113-144
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Barber, C., 'Disability discrimination should not be tolerated' (2012), British Journal of Nursing, 21(22), p.1302
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Barendt, E., , '‘What Is the Harm of Hate Speech?’' (2019), Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [online]
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Barker, K. & Jurasz, O., 'Online misogyny as hate crime: A challenge for legal regulation?' (2018), Routledge
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Barna, I. & Félix, A. (Eds.), 'Modern Antisemitism in the Visegrád countries' (2017), Budapest: Tom Lantos Institute
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Barnes, A., & Ephross, P. H., 'The impact of hate violence on victims: Emotional and behavioral responses to attacks' (1994), Social Work, 39(3), pp.247-251

Barnett-Ryan, C. & Nolan, J.J., 'Impact of state UCR policy and procedures on bias crime reporting' (2006), Criminal Justice Studies, 18(4), pp.305-319
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Barnidge, M., Kim, B., Sherrill, L.A., Luknar, Ž. & Zhang, J., 'Perceived Exposure to and Avoidance of Hate Speech in Various Communication Settings' (2019), Telematics and Informatics, 44, 101263
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Baron, M., 'Hate crime legislation reconsidered' (2016), Metaphilosophy, 47(4-5), pp.504-523
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Barrett, C., Whyte, C., Comfort, J., Lyons, A. & Crameri, P., 'Social connection, relationships and older lesbian and gay people' (2015), Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 30(1), pp.131-142
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Barrett-Fox, R., 'Comic, tragic, and Burlesque Burkean responses to hate: Notes from counterprotests of antigay picket' (2018), Contention, 6(1), pp. 23-48
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Bartle, E.E., 'Lesbians and hate crimes' (2000), Journal of Poverty, 4(4), pp.23-43
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Bartlett, J. & Krasodomski-Jones, A., 'Counter-speech examining content that challenges extremism online' (2015), DEMOS
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Bartram, B., 'International students in the era of Trump and Brexit: Implications, constructions and trends' (2018), Journal of International Students, 8(4), pp.1479-1482
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Battersby, J. & Ball, R., 'Christchurch in the Context of New Zealand Terrorism and Right Wing Extremism' (2019), Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism [online]
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Battle, J. & Lemelle, A.J., 'Gender differences in African American attitudes toward gay males' (2002), The Western Journal of Black Studies, 26(3), pp.134-139
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Bauermeister, J.A., Morales, M., Seda, G. & Gonzalez-Rivera, M., 'Sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults' (2008), Journal of Homosexuality, 53(4), pp.135-161
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Bayley, D. H., 'Policing hate: What can be done?' (2002), Policing and Society, 12(2), pp.83-91
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Bayrakli, E. & Hafez, F. (Eds.), 'European Islamophobia Report 2016' (2016), SETA
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Bayrakli, E. & Hafez, F. (Eds.), 'European Islamophobia Report 2015' (2015), SETA
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Bayraklı, E. & Hafez, F. (Eds.), 'Islamophobia in Muslim majority societies' (2018), New York, NY: Routledge
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Beadle-Brown, J., Richardson, L., Guest, C., Malovic, A., Bradshaw, J. & Himmerich, J., 'Living in fear: Better outcomes for people with learning disabilities and autism' (2014), Canterbury: Tizard Centre, University of Kent.
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Beale, S. S., 'Federalizing hate crimes: Symbolic politics, expressive law, or tool for criminal enforcement?' (2000), Boston University Law Review, 80(5), pp.1227-1281
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Beatty Moody, D.L., Waldstein, S.R., Tobin, J.N., Cassells, A., Schwartz, J.C. & Brondolo, E., 'Lifetime racial/ethnic discrimination and ambulatory blood pressure: The moderating effect of age' (2016), Health Psychology, 35(4), pp.333-342
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Beck, E.M. & Tolnay, S.E., 'The killing fields of the deep South: The market for cotton and the lynching of Blacks, 1882-1930' (1990), American Sociological Review, 55(4), pp.526-539
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Beck, P. et al., 'Operation Jackhammer' (1990), Canberra Times

Becker, P.J., 'The creation of Ohio’s ethnic intimidation law: Triggering events, media campaigns, and interest group activity' (1999), American Journal of Criminal Justice, 23(2), pp.247-265
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Begun, S. & Kattari, S.K., 'Conforming for survival: Associations between transgender visual conformity/passing and homelessness experiences' (2016), Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 28(1), pp.54-66
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Bell, J., 'Policing hatred: Police bias units and the construction of hate crime' (1997), Michigan Journal of Race & Law, 2, pp.421-460
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Bell, J, 'Policing hatred: Law enforcement, civil rights, and hate crime' (2002), New York: New York University Press

Bell, J., 'Deciding when hate is a crime: The first amendment, police detectives and the identification of hate crime' (2002), Rutgers Race and the Law Review, 4(1), pp.33-76
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Bell, J., 'Hate thy neighbor: Lessons for neighborhood integration for the post-Obama era and beyond' (2017), Law & Social Inquiry [online]
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Bell, J., 'The Resistance & the Stubborn but Unsurprising Persistence of Hate and Extremism in the United States' (2019), Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 26(1), pp. 305-315
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Bell, J.G. & Perry, B., 'Outside looking in: The community impacts of anti-lesbian, gay, and bisexual hate crime' (2015), Journal of Homosexuality, 62(1), pp.98-120
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Benček, D. & Martin, C., 'Explaining hate crimes against refugees in Germany: Regional spill-overs or local determinants?' (2016), Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Working Paper
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Benier, K., 'The neighborhood context of hate crime: A comparison of violent and property offenses using rare events modeling' (2016), Violence and Victims, 32(4), pp.584-608
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Benier, K., 'The harms of hate: Comparing the neighbouring practices and interactions of hate crime victims, non-hate crime victims and non-victims' (2017), International Review of Victimology [online], pp.1-23
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Benier, K., 'Global terrorism events and ensuing hate incidents' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.79-95), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Benier, K., 'The people or the place? An analysis of the protective factors of hate crime in multiethnic neighbourhoods in Australia' (2019), Australian Journal of Social Issues [online]
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Benier, K., Wickes, R. & Higginson, A., 'Ethnic hate crime in Australia: Diversity and change in the neighbourhood context' (2016), British Journal of Criminology, 56(3), pp.479-496
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Bennett, A., 'Livestreamed hate crime against disabled man prompts national outrage' (2017), Family & Intimate Partner Violence Quarterly, 9(4), pp.47-52
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Bennett, C.R., 'Another type of hate crime: Violence against American Indian women in reservation border towns' (2018), in M.O. Nielsen & K. Jarratt-Snider (Eds.). Crime and social justice in Indian country (pp.21-38). Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press

Bensinger, G.J., 'Hate crimes: A new/old problem' (1992), International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 16(2), pp.115-123
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Benton, B., Peterka-Benton, D., 'Hating in Plain Sight: The Hatejacking of Brands by Extremist Groups' (2019), Public Relations Inquiry [online]
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