Publications

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Wood, M., Hales, J., Purdon, S., Sejersen, T. & Hayllar, O., 'A test for racial discrimination practice in British cities' (2010), National Centre for Social Research on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions. Research Report No 607
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Woods, J. B., 'Taking the “hate” out of hate crimes: Applying unfair advantage theory to justify the enhanced punishment of opportunistic bias crimes' (2008), UCLA Law Review, 56(2), pp.489-541
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Woolf, L.M. & Hulsizer, M.R., 'Intra- and inter-religious hate and violence: A psychosocial model' (2003), Journal of Hate Studies, 2(1), pp.5-25
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Worthen, M.G.F., 'Hetero-cis–normativity and the gendering of transphobia' (2016), International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(1), pp.31-57
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Wortley, S. & Owusu-bempah, A., 'Unequal before the law: Immigrant and racial minority perceptions of the Canadian criminal justice system' (2009), Journal of International Migration and Integration, 10(4), pp.447-473
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Wotherspoon, G., '“This nest of perverts”: Policing male homosexuality in Cold War Australia' (1990)

Wright, H., 'The mythology of “freedom of speech”: Bullwhips or just bull?' (1995), Polemic, 6(1), 8

Wright, B., 'Hate crimes: The problems, policies and legislation in the United Kingdom, Europe, America and Australia' (2010), London: Council of Ethnic Minority Voluntary Sector Organisations [CEMVO]

Wright, D.M., 'Sourcing paint smears: A hate crime highlights the utility of the Paint Data Query (PDQ) database' (2012), Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal, 45(2), pp.79-88
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Wu, Y., 'Race/ethnicity and perceptions of the police: A comparison of White, Black, Asian and Hispanic Americans' (2014), Policing and Society, 24(2), pp.135-157
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Wu, Y., Klahm, C.F. IV & Atoui, N., 'Fear of crime among Arab Americans in a culture of fear' (2016), Ethnic and Racial Studies [online], p.1-20
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Wu, Y., Smith, B.W. & Sun, I.Y., 'Race/ethnicity and perceptions of police bias: The case of Chinese immigrants' (2013), Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 11(1-2), pp.71-92

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Yahagi, K., 'The Effects of Hate Groups on Hate Crimes' (2019), Review of Law and Economics [online]
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Yanay, N., 'Problematizing hatred in democratic states' (2018), in T. Brudholm & B. Schepelern Johansen (Eds), Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate (Chapter 4). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Yanhai, W., 'Becoming a gay activist in contemporary China' (2008), Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3-4), pp.47-64
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Yeager, M.G., 'Immigrants and criminality: A cross-national review' (1997), Criminal Justice Abstracts, 29(1), 143

Yenilmez, M.I., 'Socio-political attitude towards lesbians in Turkey' (2016), Sexuality & Culture, 21(1), pp.287–299
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Yong, C., 'Does freedom of speech include hate speech?' (2011), Res Publica, 17(4), pp.385-403
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Young, D.M., Levinson, J.D. & Sinnett, S., 'Innocent until primed: Mock Jurors’ racially biased response to the presumption of innocence' (2014), PLoS ONE, 9(3)
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Yu, P., 'Cycles of violence: Racist hate crime in Northern Ireland' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.311-323). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Zagrodzki, M., 'The police and the Roma community in Hungary' (2013), in Tomita, M. (2013) Fourth International Conference on Psycho-Social Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders: Social Control and Vulnerable Groups.

Zainiddinov, H., 'Racial and ethnic differences in perceptions of discrimination among Muslim Americans' (2016), Ethnic and Racial Studies, p.1-21
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Zainuddin, N., Selamat, A. & Ibrahim, R., 'Twitter hate aspect extraction using association analysis and dictionary-based approach' (2017), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, 297, pp. 641-651
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Zainuddin, N., Selamat, A. & Ibrahim, R., 'Twitter feature selection and classification using Support Vector Machine for aspect-based sentiment analysis' (2016), Trends in Applied Knowledge-Based Systems and Data Science, 9799 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science), pp.269-279
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Zakrison, T.L., Milian Valdés, D. & Muntaner, C., 'Social Violence, Structural Violence, Hate, and the Trauma Surgeon' (2019), International Journal of Health Services [online]
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Zanghellini, A., 'Jurisprudential foundations for anti-vilification laws: The relevance of speech act and Foucauldian theory' (2003), Melbourne University Law Review, 27(2), pp.458-487
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Zaykowski, H., 'Racial disparities in hate crime reporting' (2010), VIolence and Victims, 25(3), pp.378-394
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Zaytoon, H.A.R. , 'Caricature images for religious profiling: A multimodal analysis of Islamophobia in selected press images' (2017), Anglica: An International Journal of English Studies, 26(2), pp.185-224
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Zeller, M.H., Reiter-Purtill, J. & Ramey, C., 'Negative peer perceptions of obese children in the classroom environment' (2008), Obesity, 16(4), pp.755-762
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Zellerer, E., 'Restorative justice in Indigenous communities: Critical issues in confronting violence against women' (1999), International Review of Victimology, 6, pp.345-358
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Zempi, I., 'Negotiating constructions of insider and outsider status in research with veiled muslim women victims of Islamophobic hate crime' (2016), Sociological Research Online, 21(4), Article number 8
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Zempi, I., 'Veiled Muslim Women’s Responses to Experiences of Gendered Islamophobia in the UK' (2019), International Review of Victimology [online]
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Zempi, I., 'Responding to the needs of victims of Islamophobia' (2014), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (2014) Responding to hate crime: the case for connecting policy and research. Bristol: Policy Press.

Zempi, I., 'The lived experiences of veiled Muslim women as ‘undeserving’ victims of Islamophobia' (2018), in M. Duggan (Ed.), Revisiting the 'ideal victim': Developments in critical victimology (pp.63-82). Bristol: Policy Press.
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Zempi, I., 'Covered in stigma? Exploring the impacts of Islamophobic hate crime on veiled Muslim women globally' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.111-125), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Zempi, I. & Awan, I., 'The Routledge International Handbook of Islamophobia' (2019), Routledge
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Zempi, I. & Chakraborti, N., 'Islamophobia, victimisation and the veil' (2014), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Zempi, I. & Chakraborti, N., 'Criminalising oppression or reinforcing oppression? The implications of Veil Ban Laws for Muslim women in the West' (2013), Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 64(1), pp.63-74
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Zempi, I. & Chakraborti, N., 'The veil under attack: Gendered dimensions of Islamophobic victimisation' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(3), pp.269-284
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Zempi, I. & Chakraborti, N., '‘They make us feel like we’re a virus’: The multiple impacts of Islamophobic hostility towards veiled Muslim women' (2015), International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4(3), pp.44-56
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Zhang, J., 'Sexual disgust sensitivity mediates the sex difference in support of censoring hate speech' (2019), Personality and Individual Differences, 145, pp.89-96
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Zhang, Z. & Luo, L., 'Hate Speech Detection: A Solved Problem? the Challenging Case of Long Tail on Twitter' (2019), Semantic Web, 10(5), pp. 925-945
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Zignani, M., Quadri, C., Galdeman, A., Gaito, S., Rossi, G.P., 'Mastodon Content Warnings: Inappropriate Contents in a Microblogging Platform' (2019), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2019, pp. 639-645
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Zimmermann, A., 'Why the Victorian vilification legislation undermines democratic freedoms' (2005), The Original Law Review, 1(3), pp.52-57
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Zuleta, L. & Burkal, R., 'Hate speech in the public online debate' (2017), The Danish Institute for Human Rights
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