Publications

W

Walfield, S.M., Socia, K.M. & Powers, R.A., 'Religious motivated hate crimes: Reporting to law enforcement and case outcomes' (2016), American Journal of Criminal Justice [online]
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Walker, S., 'Policing hate: The problematic expansion of Louisiana’s hate crime statute to include police officers' (2018), Louisiana Law Review, 78(4), pp.1413-1445
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Walker, S, 'Hate speech: The history of an American controversy' (1994), Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press

Walker, M., 'Context, complexity and change: Education as a conversion factor for non-racist capabilities in a South African university' (2016), Race, Ethnicity and Education, 19(6), p.1275-1287.
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Walker, J., 'Canadian anti-hate laws and freedom of expression' (2013), Parliament of Canada, Research Publications
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Walker. S., Delone. M., & Spohn, C. S., 'The color of justice: Race, ethnicity, and crime in America' (1999), Belmont, CA: Wadsworth

Walklate, S., 'Sexual violence against women: Still a controversial issue for victimology?' (2014), International Review of Victimology, 20(1), pp.71-84
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Wallace, N., 'Reaching out' (2004), Police Review, 19, 22

Wallace, J., 'Law reform: Information, defamation, regulation, vilification' (1990), Legal Service Bulletin, 15(1), 220

Wallenberg, J.S., 'The impact of racial slurs and racism on the perceptions and punishment of violent crime' (2008), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(5), pp.685-701
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Wallengren, S. & Mellgren, C., 'The role of visibility for a minority’s exposure to (hate) crime and worry about crime – A study of the Traveller community' (2015), International Review of Criminology, 21(3), pp.303-319
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Wallengren, S. & Mellgren, C., 'Silent victims in the public eye: Socially vulnerable EU citizens’ exposure to crime and its consequences' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online], pp.1-23
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Wallengren, S., Wigerfelt, A., Wigerfelt, B. & Mellgren, C., 'Visibility and Vulnerability: A Mixed Methodology Approach to Studying Roma Individuals’ Victimization Experiences' (2019), International Review of Victimology [online]
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Walls, N.E, Atteberry-Ash, B., Kattari, S.K., Peitzmeier, S., Kattari, L., & Langenderfer-Magruder, L., 'Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Mental Health, and Bullying as Predictors of Partner Violence in a Representative Sample of Youth' (2019), Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(1), pp.86-92
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Walpurga Koll, M.K., 'Hate crime legislation versus the legacy of Lynch Law in the U.S.: The struggle against a biased popular justice' (2009), Legal Narratives, pp.77-100
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Walsh, C. & Townsin, L., 'Border-crossing pedagogy to disrupt LGBTIQ+ bullying and violence in schools' (2018), English in Australia, 53(2), pp.18-27
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Walter, A.T., 'Slovakia the Politics of Hate: Islamophobia and Christianity in the 2016 Parliamentary Elections' (2018), Religiski-Filozofiski Raksti, 24, pp. 39-59
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Walter, N., Billard, T.J. & Murphy, S.T., 'On the boundaries of framing terrorism: Guilt, victimization, and the 2016 Orlando shooting' (2017), Mass Communication and Society [online], pp.1-20
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Walters, M.A., 'Hate crime and restorative justice: Exploring causes, repairing harms' (2014), Clarendon Studies in Criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Walters, M.A., 'Hate crime in the UK: Promoting the values of dignity and respect for young victims through restorative justice' (2012), in Gavrielides, T. (ed.) (2012) Rights & Restoration within youth justice. Whitby, Ontario: de Sitter Publications.

Walters, M.A., 'Sexual orientation discrimination in the European Union: The framework directive and the continuing influence of the European Parliament' (2007), International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 8(4). pp.263-293
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Walters, M.A., 'Readdressing hate crime: Synthesizing law, punishment, and restorative justice' (2018), in T. Brudholm & B. Schepelern Johansen (Eds), Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate (Chapter 7). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Walters, M, 'Hate crimes in Australia: Introducing punishment enhancers' (2005), 29 Criminal Law Journal 201-216
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Walters, M.A., 'Conceptualizing ‘hostility’ for hate crime law: Minding ‘the minutiae’ when interpreting section 28(1)(a) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998' (2014), Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 34(1), pp.47-74
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Walters, M.A., 'Restorative approaches to working with hate crime offenders' (2014), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (eds.) (2014) Hate Crimes. Policy Press.

Walters, M.A., 'Why the Rochdale Gang should have been sentenced as ‘hate crime’ offenders' (2013), Criminal Law Review, 2, pp.131-144
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Walters, M.A. , 'A general theories of hate crime? Strain, doing difference and self control' (2011), Critical Criminology, 19(4), pp.313-330
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Walters, M.A., 'Repairing the harms of hate crime: A restorative justice approach' (2014), in Hall, N., Corb, A., Giannasi, P. & Grieve, J. (eds.) (2014) The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime. London: Routledge

Walters, M., 'Readdressing hate crime: Synthesizing law, punishment and restorative justice' (2016), Hate, Politics, Law, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
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Walters, M.A., 'Hate crimes in Australia: Introducing punishment enhancers' (2005), Criminal Law Journal, 29(4), pp.201-216
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Walters, M.A., 'The Cronulla Riots: Exposing the problem with Australia’s anti-vilification laws' (2006), Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 18(1), pp.165-169
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Walters, M.A., 'Changing the criminal law to combat racially motivated violence' (2007), in Keyzer, P. (ed.) Racism, Religious Intolerance and the Law. Broadway NSW: Halstead Press.

Walters, M.A., 'Challenging orthodoxy: Towards a restorative approach to combating the globalization of hate' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.294-313), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Walters, M., Brown, R. with Wiedlitzka, S., 'Preventing hate crime: Emerging practices and recommendations for the effective management of criminal justice interventions' (2016), Project Report. Sussex Crime Research Centre, Sussex, UK
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Walters, M.A. & Brown, R. with Wiedlitzka, S., 'Causes and motivations of hate crime' (2016), Equality and Human Rights Commission, Research report 102
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Walters, M.A. & Hoyle, C., 'Exploring the everyday world of hate victimization through community mediation' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(1), pp.7-24
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Walters, M.A. & Hoyle, C., 'Healing harms and engendering tolerance: The promise of restorative justice for hate crime' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Walters, M.A. & Turnath, J., 'Gender ‘hostility’, rape, and the hate crime paradigm' (2014), The Modern Law Review, 77(4), pp.563-596
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Walters, M.A., Owusu-Bempah, A. & Wiedlitzka, S., 'Hate crime and the “justice gap”: The case for law reform' (2018), Criminal Law Review, 12, pp.961-986

Walters, M.A., Paterson, J., Brown, R. & McDonnell, L., 'Hate crimes against trans people: Assessing emotions, behaviors, and attitudes toward criminal justice agencies' (2017), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online], pp.1-31
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Walters, M.A., Paterson, J., McDonnell, L. & Brown, R., 'Group identity, empathy and shared suffering: Understanding the ‘community’ impacts of anti-LGBT and Islamophobic hate crimes' (2019), International Review of Victimology
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Walters, M.A., Wiedlitzka, S. & Owusu-Bempah, A. with Goodall, K., 'Hate crime and the legal process: Options for law reform' (2017), Project Report, University of Sussex
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Walther, C.S. & Embrick, D.G.T., 'White trash and white supremacy: An analysis of the James Byrd Jr. and Matthew Shepard hate crimes' (2017), in R. Thompson-Miller & K. Ducey (Edss), Systemic Racism (pp.237-260). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
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Wang, L., 'Recognizing opportunistic bias crimes' (2000), Boston University Law Review, 80(5), pp.1399-1435
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Wang, L., 'The transforming power of “hate”: Social cognition theory and the harms of bias-related crime' (1997), Southern California Law Review, 71, pp.47-135
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Wang, L., 'Hate crime and everyday discrimination: Influences of and on the social context' (2002), Rutgers Race & Review, 4, pp.1-13
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Wani, A.H., Molvi, N.S. & Ashraf, S.I., 'Detection of Hate and Offensive Speech in Text' (2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11886 LNCS, pp. 87-93
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Waqas, A., Salminen, J., Jung, S.-G., Almerekhi, H. & Jansen, B.J., 'Mapping Online Hate: A Scientometric Analysis on Research Trends and Hotspots in Research on Online Hate' (2019), (2019), PLoS ONE, 14(9)
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Ward, K. , 'The role of the Anglican and Catholic churches in Uganda in public discourse on homosexuality and ethics' (2015), Journal of Eastern African Studies, 9(1), pp.127-144
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Ward, N., 'Doing what they are told: Violence against lesbians and gay men' (1993), in Begg, C. (ed), Chaos or Reason: Community Safety in the Twenty-First Century: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Biennial Conference of the Australian Crime Prevention Council, Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament House, Queensland, September 21-2 (1993) (2nd ed, 1993)

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