Publications

W

Wiedlitzka, S., 'Hate crime legislation' (2016), In Beth M. Huebner (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies in Criminology, New York: Oxford University Press
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Wiedlitzka, S., Mazerolle, L., Fay-Ramirez, S. & Miles-Johnson, T., 'Perceptions of police legitimacy and citizen decisions to report hate crime incidents in Australia' (2018), International Journal For Crime, Justice And Social Democracy, 7(2), pp.91-106
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Wieland, J., 'Peer-on-peer hate crime and hate-motivated incidents involving children in California’s public schools: Contemporary issues in prevalence, response and prevention' (2007), U.C. Davis Journal of Juvenile Law and Policy, 11(2), pp.235-269
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Wiener, R.L. & Richter, E., 'Symbolic hate: Intention to intimidate, political ideology, and group association' (2008), Law and Human Behaviour, 32(6), pp.463-475
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Wieviorka, M., 'Europe facing evil: Xenophobia, racism, Anti-Semitism and terrorism' (2018), in M. Castells, O. Bouin, J. Caraça, G. Cardoso, J. Thompson & M. Wieviorka, Europe's crisis (Chapter 9). Cambridge: Polity Press.

Wigerfelt, A. & Wigerfelt, B., 'Media images and experiences of being a Jew in the Swedish city of Malmö' (2016), SAGE Open, 6(1), pp.1-14
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Wigerfelt, A. & Wigerfelt, B., 'A challenge to multiculturalism: Everyday racism and hate crime in a small Swedish town' (2014), ONES: The Journal of Multicultural Society, 5(2), pp.48-75
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Wigerfelt, A., Wigerfelt, B. & Dahlstrand, K., 'Online hate crime – Social norms and the legal system' (2015), Quaestio Iuris, 8(3), pp.1859-1878
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Wigerfelt, B. & Wigerfelt, A., 'Anti-Gypsyism in Sweden: Roma’s and travellers’ experiences of bias-motivated crime' (2015), Internet Journal of Criminology, ISSN 2045 6743
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Wigerfelt, B., Wigerfelt, A. & Kiiskinen, J., 'When colour matters: Policing and hate crime' (2014), Social Inclusion, 2(1), pp.1-11
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Wilhelm, C., Joeckel, S. & Ziegler, I., 'Reporting Hate Comments: Investigating the Effects of Deviance Characteristics, Neutralization Strategies, and Users’ Moral Orientation’' (2019), Communication Research [online]
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Wilken, D., 'Disability Hate Crime: Experiences of Everyday Hostility on Public Transport' (2020), London: Palgrave Pivot
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Wilkins-Laflamme, 'Islamophobia in Canada: Measuring the realities of negative attitudes toward Muslims and religious discrimination' (2018), Canadian Review of Sociology, 55(1), pp.86–110
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Wilkinson, W.W. & Peters, C.S., 'Evaluations of antigay hate crimes and hate crime legislation: Independent and differentially predicted' (2017), Journal of Homosexuality [online], pp.1-32
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Williams, C., 'Racial vilification: The great debate' (1995), Civil Liberty, 161, 4

Williams, D.R. & Mohammed, S.A., 'Discrimination and racial disparities in health: Evidence and needed research' (2009), Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 32(1), pp.20-47
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Williams, M. & Tregidga, J., 'The All Wales Hate Crime Project' (2014), Cardiff: Race Equality First
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Williams, M. & Tregidga, J., 'All Wales Hate Crime Research Project research' (2013), Race Equality First and Cardiff University.
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Williams, M.L. & Burnap, P., 'Cyberhate on social media in the aftermath of Woolwich: A case study in computational criminology and big data' (2016), British Journal of Criminology, 56(2), pp.211-238
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Williams, M.L. & Tregidga, J., 'Hate crime victimization in Wales: Psychological and physical impacts across seven hate crime victim types' (2014), British Journal of Criminology, 54(4), pp.946-967
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Willis, D.G., 'Hate crimes against gay males: An overview' (2004), Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 25(2), pp.115-132
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Willis, D.G., 'Meanings in adult male victims’ experiences of hate crime and its aftermath' (2008), Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 29(6), pp.567-584

Willis-Esqueda, C., 'Race and its place in the United States legal system' (2016), in Willis-Esqueda, C. & Bornstein, B.H. (eds.) (2016) The Witness Stand and Lawrence S. Wrightsman, Jr.. New York: Springer-Verlag.
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Wilson, P.R., 'Book review (Homophobic violence by Mason, G. & Tomsen, S. (eds.))' (1999), Journal of Sociology, 35(1), pp.98-99
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Wilson, R.A., 'Propaganda and history in international criminal trials' (2016), Journal of International Criminal Justice [online]
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Wilson, J.K., 'Unfolding knowledge on sexual violence experienced by black lesbian survivors in the townships of Cape Town, South Africa' (2017), European Journal of Social Sciences, 10(1), pp.7-15
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Wilson, M.M., 'Hate crime victimization, 2004 – 2012 – Statistical Tables' (2014), Bureau of Justice Statistics
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Wilson, J.Z., 'Racist and political extremist graffiti in Australian prisons, 1970s to 1990s' (2008), The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 47(1), pp.52-66
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Wilson, J. & Jibrin, R., 'Mitigating Hate Speech in Nigeria: The Possibilities of Artificial Intelligence' (2019), Analisi, (61), pp. 17-30
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Wilson, M.S. & Ruback, B., 'Hate crimes in Pennsylvania, 1984–99: Case characteristics and police responses' (2003), Justice Quarterly, 20(2), pp.373-398
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Wilson, V., Parrott, D. & Peterson, J., 'Combined effects of masculine gender-role stress and sexual prejudice on anger and aggression toward gay men' (2011), Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(5), pp.1237-1257
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Winter, S., 'Lost in transition: Transpeople, transprejudice and pathology in Asia' (2009), The International Journal of Human Rights, 13(2-3), pp.365-390
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Winterdyk, J. & Antonopoulos, G., 'Racist victimization: International reflections and perspectives' (2008), Burlington, VT: Ashgate
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Winters, J., 'Intellectual disability and hate crime' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.233-242). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Witte, R., 'Racist violence and the state: A comparative analysis of Britain, France and the Netherlands' (1996), Longman.

Wodak, R., 'The Radical Right and Antisemitism' (2018), In J. Rydgren (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right (pp.61-85). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Wolman, A., 'Combating Hate Speech at the Local Level: A Comparison of East Asian and European Approaches' (2019), Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 37(2), pp. 87-104
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Wong, K., 'The (re)emergence of hate crime as a policy issue' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.34-35
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Wong, K. & Christmann, K., 'The role of victim decision-making in reporting of hate crimes' (2008), Safer Communities, 7(2), pp.19-35
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Wong, K. & Christmann, K., 'Hate Crime Victimization' (2017), in C. Roberson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice (pp.102-117). New York, NY: Taylor & Francisin Handbook on victims issues in criminal justice. London, UK: Routledge
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Wong, K., Christmann, K., Rogerson, M. & Monk, N., '‘Reality versus rhetoric: Assessing the efficacy of third-party hate crime reporting centres’' (2019), International Review of Victimology [online]
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Wonv, K., 'The (re)emergence of hate crime as a policy issue' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.34-35
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Wood, M., Hales, J., Purdon, S., Sejersen, T. & Hayllar, O., 'A test for racial discrimination practice in British cities' (2010), National Centre for Social Research on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions. Research Report No 607
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Woods, J. B., 'Taking the “hate” out of hate crimes: Applying unfair advantage theory to justify the enhanced punishment of opportunistic bias crimes' (2008), UCLA Law Review, 56(2), pp.489-541
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Woolf, L.M. & Hulsizer, M.R., 'Intra- and inter-religious hate and violence: A psychosocial model' (2003), Journal of Hate Studies, 2(1), pp.5-25
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Workneh, T.W., 'Ethiopia’s Hate Speech Predicament: Seeking Antidotes Beyond a Legislative Response' (2020), African Journalism Studies [online]
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Worthen, M.G.F., 'Hetero-cis–normativity and the gendering of transphobia' (2016), International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(1), pp.31-57
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Wortley, S. & Owusu-bempah, A., 'Unequal before the law: Immigrant and racial minority perceptions of the Canadian criminal justice system' (2009), Journal of International Migration and Integration, 10(4), pp.447-473
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Wotherspoon, G., '“This nest of perverts”: Policing male homosexuality in Cold War Australia' (1990)

Wright, H., 'The mythology of “freedom of speech”: Bullwhips or just bull?' (1995), Polemic, 6(1), 8

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