Publications

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Williams, M.L. & Burnap, P., 'Cyberhate on social media in the aftermath of Woolwich: A case study in computational criminology and big data' (2016), British Journal of Criminology, 56(2), pp.211-238
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Williams, M.L. & Tregidga, J., 'Hate crime victimization in Wales: Psychological and physical impacts across seven hate crime victim types' (2014), British Journal of Criminology, 54(4), pp.946-967
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Willis, D.G., 'Hate crimes against gay males: An overview' (2004), Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 25(2), pp.115-132
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Willis, D.G., 'Meanings in adult male victims’ experiences of hate crime and its aftermath' (2008), Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 29(6), pp.567-584

Willis-Esqueda, C., 'Race and its place in the United States legal system' (2016), in Willis-Esqueda, C. & Bornstein, B.H. (eds.) (2016) The Witness Stand and Lawrence S. Wrightsman, Jr.. New York: Springer-Verlag.
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Wilson, P.R., 'Book review (Homophobic violence by Mason, G. & Tomsen, S. (eds.))' (1999), Journal of Sociology, 35(1), pp.98-99
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Wilson, R.A., 'Propaganda and history in international criminal trials' (2016), Journal of International Criminal Justice [online]
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Wilson, J.K., 'Unfolding knowledge on sexual violence experienced by black lesbian survivors in the townships of Cape Town, South Africa' (2017), European Journal of Social Sciences, 10(1), pp.7-15
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Wilson, M.M., 'Hate crime victimization, 2004 – 2012 – Statistical Tables' (2014), Bureau of Justice Statistics
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Wilson, J.Z., 'Racist and political extremist graffiti in Australian prisons, 1970s to 1990s' (2008), The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 47(1), pp.52-66
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Wilson, J. & Jibrin, R., 'Mitigating Hate Speech in Nigeria: The Possibilities of Artificial Intelligence' (2019), Analisi, (61), pp. 17-30
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Wilson, M.S. & Ruback, B., 'Hate crimes in Pennsylvania, 1984–99: Case characteristics and police responses' (2003), Justice Quarterly, 20(2), pp.373-398
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Wilson, V., Parrott, D. & Peterson, J., 'Combined effects of masculine gender-role stress and sexual prejudice on anger and aggression toward gay men' (2011), Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(5), pp.1237-1257
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Windisch, S., Wiedlitzka, S. & Olaghere, A., 'PROTOCOL: Online interventions for reducing hate speech and cyberhate: A systematic review' (2021), Campbell Systematic Reviews, 17(1), e1133
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Winter, S., 'Lost in transition: Transpeople, transprejudice and pathology in Asia' (2009), The International Journal of Human Rights, 13(2-3), pp.365-390
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Winterdyk, J. & Antonopoulos, G., 'Racist victimization: International reflections and perspectives' (2008), Burlington, VT: Ashgate
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Winters, J., 'Intellectual disability and hate crime' (2017), in A. Haynes, J. Schweppe, & S. Taylor (Eds.), Critical perspectives on hate crime (pp.233-242). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
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Wiseman, P. & Watson, N., '“Because I’ve Got a Learning Disability, They Don’t Take Me Seriously:” Violence, Wellbeing, and Devaluing People With Learning Disabilities' (2021), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Witte, R., 'Racist violence and the state: A comparative analysis of Britain, France and the Netherlands' (1996), Longman.

Wodak, R., 'The Radical Right and Antisemitism' (2018), In J. Rydgren (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right (pp.61-85). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Wolman, A., 'Combating Hate Speech at the Local Level: A Comparison of East Asian and European Approaches' (2019), Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 37(2), pp. 87-104
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Wong, K., 'The (re)emergence of hate crime as a policy issue' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.34-35
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Wong, K. & Christmann, K., 'The role of victim decision-making in reporting of hate crimes' (2008), Safer Communities, 7(2), pp.19-35
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Wong, K. & Christmann, K., 'Hate Crime Victimization' (2017), in C. Roberson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice (pp.102-117). New York, NY: Taylor & Francisin Handbook on victims issues in criminal justice. London, UK: Routledge
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Wong, K., Christmann, K., Rogerson, M. & Monk, N., '‘Reality versus rhetoric: Assessing the efficacy of third-party hate crime reporting centres’' (2019), International Review of Victimology [online]
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Wonv, K., 'The (re)emergence of hate crime as a policy issue' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.34-35
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Wood, M., Hales, J., Purdon, S., Sejersen, T. & Hayllar, O., 'A test for racial discrimination practice in British cities' (2010), National Centre for Social Research on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions. Research Report No 607
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Woods, J. B., 'Taking the “hate” out of hate crimes: Applying unfair advantage theory to justify the enhanced punishment of opportunistic bias crimes' (2008), UCLA Law Review, 56(2), pp.489-541
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Woods, J.B., 'Reconceptualizing anti-LGBT hate crimes as burdening expression and association: A case for expanding federal hate crime legislation to include gender identity and sexual orientation' (2007), Journal of Hate Studies, 6(1), pp. 81-115
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Woods, J.B., 'The internet’s promise to improve bias-crime reporting: The case for including bias crimes on official crime-reporting websites' (2010), Journal of Hate Studies, 8(1), pp. 87-102
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Woods, J.B., 'Policing hatred: A case study of an English police force' (2011), Journal of Hate Studies, 9(1), pp. 127-148
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Woolf, L. M. & Hulsizer, M. R., 'Intra-and inter-religious hate and violence: A Psychosocial mode' (2003), Journal of Hate Studies, 2(1), pp. 5-25
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Woolf, L.M. & Hulsizer, M.R., 'Intra- and inter-religious hate and violence: A psychosocial model' (2003), Journal of Hate Studies, 2(1), pp.5-25
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Workneh, T.W., 'Ethiopia’s Hate Speech Predicament: Seeking Antidotes Beyond a Legislative Response' (2020), African Journalism Studies [online]
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Worthen, M.G.F., 'Hetero-cis–normativity and the gendering of transphobia' (2016), International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(1), pp.31-57
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Wortley, S. & Owusu-bempah, A., 'Unequal before the law: Immigrant and racial minority perceptions of the Canadian criminal justice system' (2009), Journal of International Migration and Integration, 10(4), pp.447-473
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Wotherspoon, G., '“This nest of perverts”: Policing male homosexuality in Cold War Australia' (1990)

Wright, H., 'The mythology of “freedom of speech”: Bullwhips or just bull?' (1995), Polemic, 6(1), 8

Wright, B., 'Hate crimes: The problems, policies and legislation in the United Kingdom, Europe, America and Australia' (2010), London: Council of Ethnic Minority Voluntary Sector Organisations [CEMVO]

Wright, D.M., 'Sourcing paint smears: A hate crime highlights the utility of the Paint Data Query (PDQ) database' (2012), Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal, 45(2), pp.79-88
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Wright, M.F., Wachs, S. & Gámez-Guadix, M., 'Youths’ coping with cyberhate: Roles of parental mediation and family support | [Jóvenes ante el ciberodio: El rol de la mediación parental y el apoyo familiar]' (2021), Comunicar, 29(67), 111852
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Wu, Y., 'Race/ethnicity and perceptions of the police: A comparison of White, Black, Asian and Hispanic Americans' (2014), Policing and Society, 24(2), pp.135-157
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Wu, Y., Klahm, C.F. IV & Atoui, N., 'Fear of crime among Arab Americans in a culture of fear' (2016), Ethnic and Racial Studies [online], p.1-20
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Wu, Y., Smith, B.W. & Sun, I.Y., 'Race/ethnicity and perceptions of police bias: The case of Chinese immigrants' (2013), Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 11(1-2), pp.71-92

Wullach, T., Adler, A. & Minkov, E.M., 'Towards Hate Speech Detection at Large via Deep Generative Modeling' (2020), IEEE Internet Computing [online]
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Xu, J., Sun, G., Cao, W., Fan, W., Yao, Z. & Li, H., 'Stigma, Discrimination, and Hate Crimes in Chinese-Speaking World amid Covid-19 Pandemic' (2021), Asian Journal of Criminology [online]
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Yadav, Anandita, 'The Context and construction of Hate Speech Laws in India' (2020)
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Yahagi, K., 'The Effects of Hate Groups on Hate Crimes' (2019), Review of Law and Economics [online]
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Yanay, N., 'Problematizing hatred in democratic states' (2018), in T. Brudholm & B. Schepelern Johansen (Eds), Hate, politics, law: Critical perspectives on combating hate (Chapter 4). New York, NY: Oxford University Press

Yang, M., Kiang, M., Ku, Y., Chiu, C. & Li, Y., 'Social Media Analytics for Radical Opinion Mining in Hate Group Web Forums' (2020), Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 8(1), 38
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