Publications

W

Walters, M.A., 'Hate crimes in Australia: Introducing punishment enhancers' (2005), Criminal Law Journal, 29(4), pp.201-216
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Walters, M.A., 'The Cronulla Riots: Exposing the problem with Australia’s anti-vilification laws' (2006), Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 18(1), pp.165-169
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Walters, M.A., 'Changing the criminal law to combat racially motivated violence' (2007), in Keyzer, P. (ed.) Racism, Religious Intolerance and the Law. Broadway NSW: Halstead Press.

Walters, M.A., 'Challenging orthodoxy: Towards a restorative approach to combating the globalization of hate' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.294-313), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Walters, M., Brown, R. with Wiedlitzka, S., 'Preventing hate crime: Emerging practices and recommendations for the effective management of criminal justice interventions' (2016), Project Report. Sussex Crime Research Centre, Sussex, UK
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Walters, M.A. & Brown, R. with Wiedlitzka, S., 'Causes and motivations of hate crime' (2016), Equality and Human Rights Commission, Research report 102
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Walters, M.A. & Hoyle, C., 'Exploring the everyday world of hate victimization through community mediation' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(1), pp.7-24
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Walters, M.A. & Hoyle, C., 'Healing harms and engendering tolerance: The promise of restorative justice for hate crime' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Walters, M.A. & Turnath, J., 'Gender ‘hostility’, rape, and the hate crime paradigm' (2014), The Modern Law Review, 77(4), pp.563-596
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Walters, M.A., Owusu-Bempah, A. & Wiedlitzka, S., 'Hate crime and the “justice gap”: The case for law reform' (2018), Criminal Law Review, 12, pp.961-986

Walters, M.A., Paterson, J., Brown, R. & McDonnell, L., 'Hate crimes against trans people: Assessing emotions, behaviors, and attitudes toward criminal justice agencies' (2017), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online], pp.1-31
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Walters, M.A., Paterson, J., McDonnell, L. & Brown, R., 'Group identity, empathy and shared suffering: Understanding the ‘community’ impacts of anti-LGBT and Islamophobic hate crimes' (2019), International Review of Victimology
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Walters, M.A., Paterson, J.L. & Brown, R., 'Enhancing Punishment or Repairing Harms? Perceptions of Sentencing Hate Crimes Amongst Members of a Commonly Targeted Victim Group' (2021), British Journal of Criminology, 61(1), pp. 61-84
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Walters, M.A., Wiedlitzka, S. & Owusu-Bempah, A. with Goodall, K., 'Hate crime and the legal process: Options for law reform' (2017), Project Report, University of Sussex
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Walther, J.B., 'Social media and online hate' (2022), Current Opinion in Psychology, 45, 101298
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Walther, C.S. & Embrick, D.G.T., 'White trash and white supremacy: An analysis of the James Byrd Jr. and Matthew Shepard hate crimes' (2017), in R. Thompson-Miller & K. Ducey (Edss), Systemic Racism (pp.237-260). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
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Walther, S. & McCoy, A., 'US Extremism on Telegram: Fueling Disinformation, Conspiracy Theories, and Accelerationism' (2021), Perspectives on Terrorism, 15(2), pp. 100-124
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Wang, L., 'Recognizing opportunistic bias crimes' (2000), Boston University Law Review, 80(5), pp.1399-1435
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Wang, S., 'Hate Crime Analysis based on Artificial Intelligence Methods' (2021), E3S Web of Conferences, 251, 01062
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Wang, L., 'The transforming power of “hate”: Social cognition theory and the harms of bias-related crime' (1997), Southern California Law Review, 71, pp.47-135
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Wang, L., 'Hate crime and everyday discrimination: Influences of and on the social context' (2002), Rutgers Race & Review, 4, pp.1-13
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Wang, C., Day, M. & Wu, C., 'Political Hate Speech Detection and Lexicon Building: A Study in Taiwan' (2022), IEEE Access [online]
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Wang, S.C. & Santos, B.M.C., '“Go Back to China With Your (Expletive) Virus”: A Revelatory Case Study of Anti-Asian Racism During COVID-19' (2022), Asian American Journal of Psychology [online]
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Wani, A.H., Molvi, N.S. & Ashraf, S.I., 'Detection of Hate and Offensive Speech in Text' (2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 11886 LNCS, pp. 87-93
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Waqas, A., Salminen, J., Jung, S.-G., Almerekhi, H. & Jansen, B.J., 'Mapping Online Hate: A Scientometric Analysis on Research Trends and Hotspots in Research on Online Hate' (2019), (2019), PLoS ONE, 14(9)
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Ward, K. , 'The role of the Anglican and Catholic churches in Uganda in public discourse on homosexuality and ethics' (2015), Journal of Eastern African Studies, 9(1), pp.127-144
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Ward, N., 'Doing what they are told: Violence against lesbians and gay men' (1993), in Begg, C. (ed), Chaos or Reason: Community Safety in the Twenty-First Century: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Biennial Conference of the Australian Crime Prevention Council, Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament House, Queensland, September 21-2 (1993) (2nd ed, 1993)

Ward, L.W.M., 'A Critical Race Theory Perspective on Assaultive Speech in U.S. Campus Communities' (2022), Equity and Excellence in Education [online]
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Waring (ed.), Alan, 'The New Authoritarianism Vol 2: A Risk Analysis of the European Alt-Right Phenomenon' (2019)
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Waring, A. (Ed.), 'The New Authoritarianism: Vol 1: A risk analysis of the US Alt-Right phenomenon' (2018), Hannover: ibidem Press
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Waring, A. (ed.), 'The New Authoritarianism Vol 2: A Risk Analysis of the European Alt-Right Phenomenon' (2019), Columbia U. Press
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Warner, K., 'Gang rape in Sydney: Crime, the media, politics, race and sentencing' (2004), Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 37(3), pp.344-361
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Warren-Gordon, K. & Rhineberger, G., 'The “Trump effect” on hate crime reporting: Media coverage before and after the 2016 presidential election' (2021), Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice [online]
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Wąsik, M. & Godzisz, P., 'Hate crime in Poland 2012-2016' (2016), Lambda Warsaw, Association for Legal Intervention and The Diversity
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Wassmuth, B., & Bryant, M.J., 'Not in our world: A perspective of community organizing against hate' (2002), Journal of Hate Studies, 1(1), pp.109-131
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Watts, M.W., 'Aggressive youth cultures and hate crime: Skinheads and xenophobic youth in Germany' (2001), American Behavioral Scientist, 45(4), pp.600-615
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Waxman, S.R., 'Racial Awareness and Bias Begin Early: Developmental Entry Points, Challenges, and a Call to Action' (2021), Perspectives on Psychological Science, 16(5), pp. 893-902
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Wear, P., 'Bigot country' (1996), 116(6022) Bulletin 18

Weatherby, G. A. & Scroggins, B., 'A content analysis of persuasion techniques used on white supremacist websites' (2005), Journal of Hate Studies, 4(1), pp. 9-31
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Weaver, S., 'A rhetoric discourse analysis of online anti-Muslim and anti-Semitic jokes' (2013), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36(3), pp.483-499
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Weber, M., Viehmann, C., Ziegele, M. & Schemer, C., 'Online Hate Does Not Stay Online – How Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Mediate the Effect of Civil Negativity and Hate in User Comments on Prosocial Behavior' (2020), Computers in Human Behavior, 104
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Webster, 'Understanding race and crime' (2007), Open University Press

Webster, C., 'England and Wales' (2008), in J. Winterdyk & G. Antonopoulos (Eds.), Racist victimization: International reflections and perspectives (pp.67-88). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Wei, K., Lin, Y.-R. & Yan, M., 'Examining Protest as An Intervention to Reduce Online Prejudice: A Case Study of Prejudice Against Immigrants' (2020), The Web Conference 2020 - Proceedings of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2020, pp. 2443-2454
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Weimann, G. & Masri, N., 'Research Note: Spreading Hate on TikTok' (2020), Studies in Conflict and Terrorism [online]
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Weiner, A.S., 'Hate crimes, homosexuals, and the constitution' (1994), Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review, 29, pp.387-438
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Weinstein, J., 'First Amendment challenges to hate crime legislation: Where’s the speech?' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.6-20
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Weinstein, J., 'Some further thoughts on “thought crimes”' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.61-63
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Weisburd, S.B. & Levin, B., '“On the basis of sex”: Recognizing gender-based bias crimes' (1994), Stanford Law and Policy Review, 5(2), pp.21-43
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Weiss, D.P., 'Members of the LGBT community as victims of crime' (2017), in C. Roberson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook on Victims' Issues in Criminal Justice (pp.127-142). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis

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